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Detailed record for Harley 3045

Author Hrabanus Maurus
Title De laudibus sanctae crucis, prefatory material (ff. 2v-5v), book 1 (ff. 6v-34), book 2 (ff. 35-47); catalogues of the Arnstein library (ff. 47v-49); second copy of carminum 3 (f. 49v); arithmetical tables (ff. 50v-51).
Origin Germany, W. (Arnstein)
Date c. 1170-1180
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Artists The same artist as that of the Arnstein Bible (Harley 2798-2799), according to Cahn
Decoration 30 full-page "carmina figurata" in gold, silver, and colours, with foliate or zoomorphic borders. Some poems are written over coloured figures: dedicatory portrait of Louis the Pious (f. 2v), cruciform Christ (6v), angels and seraphim (9v), four evangelist symbols and the Lamb of God (20v), and Hrabanus Maurus kneeling beneath the Cross (33v). Large foliate or zoomorphic initials with gold, silver and colours throughout book 1 (ff. 1-34); one historiated initial with two men (f. 12). Large coloured foliate or zoomorphic initials with penwork decoration throughout book 2 (ff. 35-47). Very large decorated initial 'M'(os) with interlacing foliage at the beginning of book 2 (f. 35). Red paraphs (ff. 39-39v). Faint, unpainted outline drawing (off-center) of bearded man sitting frontally with book and right hand blessing, without nimbus (f. 48). Pen-drawn decorated arcarded columns framing the later text (ff. 48v-49 and ff. 50v-51), dividing the library catalogue by author. An incomplete repetition of carminum 3 (f. 49v, as on f. 6v). Pen sketches of two birds (51v).
Dimensions in mm 425 x 330 (340/250 x 265) (ff. 1-49v, 52; text in two columns); 370 x 300 (ff. 50-51v, text and diagrams fill the page).
Official foliation ff. 52 (+ 7 paper flyleaves); f. 52 is a medieval parchment flyleaf.
Collation ff. 1-49v and f. 52 are single folios. ff. 50-51v is a bifolio inserted into the manuscript on a parchment strip.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house
Provenance The Premonstratensian Abbey of St Mary and St Nicholas, Arnstein: two ownership inscriptions on f. 2 (Liber sancte Marie sactique Nycolai in Arenstein. Si quis eum prefate ecclesie abstulerit, anathem sit in a 13th-century hand); and ff. 48v-49, above the catalogue arcades (Hi sunt libri S. Marie sanctique Nicolai in Arnestein. Quicumque aliquem abstulerit, anatema sit). A 14th-century cursive hand lists eight manuscripts in the upper-left-hand corner of f. 1v, five of which titles also appear in the large library catalogue (ff. 48v-49).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes ff. 4v, 6, 34v, 48, and 50 are blank. f. 1 contains the beginning of De laudibus, book 3: blank space has been left for an initial 'M'(erito) and the parchment is damaged by stains and wormholes. Some glosses and emendations throughout (see especially f. 32); several new 13th-century hands add titles to the library catalogues (ff. 47v-49). The arithmetical tables (ff. 50v-51) are in an earlier (?) 12th-century hand.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II (1808), no. 3045.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pls XII.4, 6, 7, 8.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz: Ergänzungsband 1, 3 vols (Munich, 1989-90), I (1989), p. 25.

Theodor Gottlieb, Über mittelalterliche Bibliotheken (Leipzig: Otto Harrassowitz, 1890), pp. 293-97.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 58).

Herbert Köllner, ‘Ein Annalenfragment und die Datierung der Arnsteiner Bibel in London’ Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 26 (1972), 34-50 (p. 48).

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 53..

Hans-Georg Müller, Hrabanus Maurus, De laudibus sancta crucis: Studien zur Überlieferung und Geistesgeschichte mit dem Faksimile-Textabdruck aus Codex Reg. Lat. 124 der vatikanischen Bibliothek. Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch Beiheft 11 (Ratigen, Kastellaun, Düsseldorf: A. Henn Verlag, 1973).

Die Zeit der Staufer: Geschichte - Kunst - Kultur. Katalog der Ausstellung, ed. by Rainer Haussherr (Stuttgart: Württembergisches Landesmuseum, 1977), pp. 532-33.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 724.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1982), p. 253.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz: Ergänzungsband 1, 3 vols (Munich, 1989-90), I (1989), p. 25.

Bruno Krings, Das Prämonstratenserstift Arnstein a.d. Lahn im Mittelalter (1139-1527). Veröffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission für Nassau XLVIII (Wiesbaden: Selbstverlag der Historischen Kommission für Nassau, 1990), pp. 240-43.

Donatella Nebbiai-Dalla Guarda, 'La Bibliotheque Commune des Institutions Religiuses', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits 50/2 (1996), 254-68 (p. 263).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page (London: The British Library, 1997), no. 43, p. 59.


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Man surrounded by text

f. 2
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f. 32
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f. 45
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f. 46
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f. 46v
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f. 47
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Figural poem

f. 49v
Figural poem

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