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Detailed record for Harley 3244

Author Peraldus
Title Theological miscellany, including the Summa de vitiis (see Notes for contents)
Origin England
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 13th century, after c. 1236
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration Full-page miniature in colours (ff. 27, 27v, 28, 28v). Smaller miniatures on every page illustrating the bestiary (ff. 36-67v). Large initials in blue with red penwork decoration. Small initials in brown or red. Rubrics in red. Paraphs in blue or red, some with penwork decoration. Decorated nota marks, some with a face or animal head (ff. 108v, 118v). Guide letters for rubricator.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 165 (200 x 105/110) in one or two columns
Official foliation ff. 192 ( + 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Green leather with gold tooling; gilt edges; marbled endpapers.
Provenance The image of an anonymous Dominican friar implies Dominican patronage (f. 27).
Contents note in 16th-century Gothic cursive script (f. 1v).
Richard Edwards: 17th-century inscription 'Rich Edwards' (f. 1).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes f. 192 is a parchment leaf with a 18th-century ? inscription.
Contents:
Honorius Augustodunensis, Elucidarium (ff. 2-18v);
Bestiary (ff. 36-71v);
De confessione (f. 26);
Alain de Lille, Liber Penitentialis (ff. 19-26v);
Bernard of Clairvaux, various sermons (ff. 26r-v);
William Peraldus, Summa de vitiis (ff. 27-29);
Alain de Lille, De sex alis cherubim (ff. 29-35v);
Exempla (ff. 72-86);
William Peraldus, Summa de vitiis, imperfect (ff. 87-121);
Pseudo-Bernard, Meditationes Plissimae de cognitione humanae conditionis (ff. 121-128);
Expositiones nominum Bibliotece (ff. 129-138);
Robert Grosseteste, Templum Domini (ff. 138-145);
William de Montibus, Numerale (ff. 146-185);
Richard of Wethringsett, Summa de doctrina sacerdotali (ff. 146-185);
Bernard, Misericordia est circa viciosos (f. 185v);
De bona conscientia (ff. 185v-186);
Richard of Thetford, Ars dilatandi sermones (ff. 186-190).
The text on the vices by Gulielmus Peraldus was written c. 1236.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3244.

A Selection of Latin Stories from manuscripts of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; a contribution to the history of fiction during the Middle Ages, ed. by Thomas Wright (London: Percy Society, 1842), VIII, p. 112 (for transcription of some texts).

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 6.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), III, J. A. Herbert, pp. 457-63.

M. R. James, The Bestiary: Being a Reproduction in full of the Manuscript Ii.4.26 in the University Library, Cambridge (Oxford: Roxburghe Club, 1928), p. 17, no. 22.

C. H. Talbot, ‘A List of Cistercian Manuscripts in Great Britain’, Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 8 (1952), 402-18 (p. 405).

Michael Evans, 'An Illustrated Fragment of Peraldus's Summa of Vice: Harleian MS 3244' Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 45 (1982), 32-55.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 80, figs 26-27.

The Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagent England 1200-1400, ed. by Jonathan Alexander and Paul Binski (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1987), no. 150 [exhibition catalogue].

Two East Anglian Pictur Books : A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), p. 5.

Kathleen Scott, ‘Caveat Lector: Ownership and Standardization in the Illustration of Fifteenth-Century English Manuscripts’, in English Manuscript Studies, 1, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths (London: British Library, 1989), 19-63 (p. 60 n. 57).

Anne Payne, Medieval Beasts (London: British Library, 1990), p. 15.

Dora Faraci, Il bestiario medio inglese (Ms Arundel 292 della British Library) (Rome: Japadre, 1990), p. 258, pl. 5.

Debra Hassig, Medieval Bestiaries: Text, Image, Ideology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 3, 9, 11-12, 55-56, 88-91, 149, figs 89, 140.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, 195, 353.

Ron Baxter, Bestiaries and Their Users in the Middle Ages (Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing, 1998), pp. 141, 147, 156, 189-190.

The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), no. 8 [exhibition catalogue].

Susanne Rischpler, Biblia Sacra figuris expressa: Mnemotechnische Bilderbibeln des 15. Jahrhunderts, Wissensliteratur im Mittelalter, 36, ed. by Horst Brunner and others (Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2001), p. 45 n. 16.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), p. 23, pl. 18.

Paul Binski, Becket’s Crown: Art and Imagination in Gothic England 1170-1300 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), pl. 147.

Elizabeth Morrison, Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 92.

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].

Aden Kumler, Translating Truth: Ambitious Images and Religious Knowledge in Late Medieval France and England(New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), pp. 81-82, figs 15, 16.


Images
* * *
 
Text page

f. 13
Text page
Christ blessing

f. 27
Christ blessing
Vices and Virtues

ff. 27v-28
Vices and Virtues
 
Vices

f. 27v
Vices
Miniatures

ff. 27v-28
Miniatures
Virtues

f. 28
Virtues
 
Shield

f. 28
Shield
Angel

f. 28v
Angel
Angels

f. 28v
Angels
 
Lion

f. 36
Lion
Miniature

f. 36v
Miniature
Pard and Panther

f. 37
Pard and Panther
 
Pard

f. 37
Pard
Panther emerging from a cave

f. 37
Panther emerging from a cave
Antelopes; unicorn

f. 38
Antelopes; unicorn
 
Maiden and unicorn

f. 38
Maiden and unicorn
Griffin

f. 38v
Griffin
Griffin

f. 38v
Griffin
 
Men mounted on an elephant

f. 39
Men mounted on an elephant
Men mounted on an elephant

f. 39
Men mounted on an elephant
Elephant and dragon

f. 39v
Elephant and dragon
 
Beaver

f. 40
Beaver
Hyena

f. 40v
Hyena
Hyena

f. 40v
Hyena
 
Lion

f. 41
Lion
Satyrs

f. 41v
Satyrs
Satyrs

f. 41v
Satyrs
 
Stag with a serpent

f. 41v
Stag with a serpent
Miniature

f. 42
Miniature
Serpent

f. 43
Serpent
 
Manticore

f. 43v
Manticore
Wolf

f. 44
Wolf
Dogs

f. 44v
Dogs
 
Dogs

f. 45
Dogs
Dogs

f. 45
Dogs
Dogs

f. 45v
Dogs
 
Adam

f. 46
Adam
Animals

f. 46v
Animals
Pig, ox, and bull

f. 47
Pig, ox, and bull
 
Camel

f. 47v
Camel
Dromedary

f. 48
Dromedary
Dromedary

f. 48
Dromedary
 
Donkey

f. 48
Donkey
Animals

f. 48v
Animals
Animals

f. 49v
Animals
 
Cat and mouse

f. 49v
Cat and mouse
Hedgehog

f. 49v
Hedgehog
Ants

f. 50
Ants
 
Birds

f. 50v
Birds
Vulture

f. 51
Vulture
Birds

f. 51v
Birds
 
Caladrius bird

f. 52
Caladrius bird
Caladrius bird

f. 52
Caladrius bird
Black bird

f. 52
Black bird
 
Swan

f. 52
Swan
Bird

f. 52v
Bird
Birds

f. 53
Birds
 
Peacock

f. 53v
Peacock
Peacocks

f. 53v
Peacocks
Birds

f. 54
Birds
 
Pelican

f. 54v
Pelican
Birds

f. 54v
Birds
Siren

f. 55
Siren
 
Birds

f. 55v
Birds
Birds

f. 56
Birds
Birds

f. 56v
Birds
 
Birds

f. 57
Birds
Peacock

f. 57
Peacock
Rooster

f. 57
Rooster
 
Duck

f. 57v
Duck
Bees

ff. 58v-59
Bees
Animals

ff. 58v-59
Animals
 
Bees

f. 58v
Bees
Dragon

f. 59
Dragon
Dragon

f. 59v
Dragon
 
Whale

f. 60v
Whale
Whale

f. 60v
Whale
Whale

f. 61
Whale
 
Asp

f. 61v
Asp
Dragon

f. 61v
Dragon
Asp

f. 61v
Asp
 
Miniature

f. 62
Miniature
Amphisbaena

f. 62
Amphisbaena
Snakes

f. 62v
Snakes
 
Salamander

f. 63
Salamander
Serpent

f. 63v
Serpent
Insects

f. 64
Insects
 
Scorpions

f. 64v
Scorpions
Whales

f. 65
Whales
Dolphins

f. 65v
Dolphins
 
Fish

f. 66
Fish
Animals

f. 66v
Animals
Frogs

f. 67
Frogs
 
Shells; crab

f. 67v
Shells; crab
Goats

f. 92
Goats

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