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Detailed record for Harley 3405

Part 1 ff. 1-2, 3-3v 
Title Statutes of the Norwegian Church, fragment
Origin England
Date 2nd half of the 12th century, after 1164
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large initials in red or green.
Dimensions in mm 225 x 180 (more than 205 x 110)
 
Part 2 ff. 4r-v 
Title Leaf from an Antiphoner
Origin England, S. (Winchester)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Large initials in green or red (f. 4v). Rubrics in red (now oxidized).
Dimensions in mm 225 x 165 (more than 220 x 115)
 
Part 3 ff. 6-35v 
Title Collection of swan-marks displayed in alphabetical order, beginning with the royal swan mark before Henry VIII
Origin England
Date 16th century
Language English
Script Cursive
Decoration Diagrams of swan-marks in ink
Dimensions in mm 225 x 180
 
Official foliation ff. 35 (+ 4 unfoliated early modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Binding of brown leather with Harley arms gilt-tooled at the centre of the covers.
Provenance The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Musical notation: Anglo-Saxon neumes, England (Winchester), mid-11th century (f. 4-4v).
The volume is a composite manuscript made up of fragments of different date and origin bound at the beginning of the 16th-century swan-mark collection.
The statutes of the Norwegian Church were established at the synod of Bergen in 1164 after the election of King Magnus: this fragment relates to the enforcement of clerical celibacy (ff. 1-2, 3-3v).
A copy of a non-dated letter (c. 1163-1172) from pope Alexander III to Roger, Bishop of Worcester, relating to cleric celibacy, imperfect, last quarter of the 12th century (f. 2v; see Patrologia Latina, 200, p. 930).
The fragmentary leaf of the Antiphoner (ff. 4-4v) comes from the same manuscript as two bifolia in Lincoln Cathedral Library, MS. 298 (3). The hand is very similar to that of Le Havre 330 (no. 16) and Stowe 2 (see Rankin 1991).
The fragment of another 14th-century music notation on f. 5.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3405.

Susan Rankin, 'Neumatic Notations in Anglo-Saxon England', in Musicologie médiévale: notations et séquences: Table ronde de CNRS a l'Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (Paris: IHRT, 1991), pp. 129-44 (p. 143) [f. 4].

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), p. 57 under no. 277 [f. 4].

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), pp. 215-16, no. 117 [f. 4].


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-2, 3-3v
Statutes of the Norwegian Church, fragment
* * *
 
Coloured initials

f. 3
Coloured initials
Coloured initials

f. 3v
Coloured initials

Part  3   ff. 6-35v
Collection of swan-marks displayed in alphabetical order, beginning with the royal swan mark before Henry VIII
* * *
 
Swan marks

ff. 18v-19
Swan marks

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