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Detailed record for Harley 4951

Part 1 ff. 1-118 
Author John of Abbeville
Title Sermones dominicales
Origin France, S.
Date Last quarter of the 13th century or 1st quarter of 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 red initial with blue penwork decoration (f. 1). Plain initials in red. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 355 x 245 (285 x 180) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 119-301v 
Title Gradual of Saint-Etienne of Toulouse, including a tonary (a collection of chant melodies)
Origin France, S. (Toulouse)
Date Last quarter of the 11th century or 1st quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Chi-rho drawing in colours of Christ and the four Evangelist symbols: eagle, angel, ox, and winged lion (f. 123). Drawing of the Crucifixion in colours (f. 208v). 5 small drawings in colours of musicians (x 3), a juggler, and a dancer, representing five different musical modes (f. 295v, 297v, 298v, 299v, 300v). 27 large pen-drawn initials tinted in coloured washes with knotwork motifs, animals, angels, or anthropomorphic designs (ff. 121v, 124v, 126, 133, 135, 136v, 138, 141, 141v, 144, 148, 151v, 157, 158, 159, 162v, 171, 197v, 215, 224, 241v, 245v, 248v, 250v, 251, 267v, 226v). Large initials in red, some with foliate motifs. Large initials in black, some with red. Smaller plain red initials.
Dimensions in mm 355 x 260 (255 x 155)
 
Official foliation ff. 301 (+ 2 unfoliated paper and 1 parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The cathedral of Saint-Etienne,Toulouse: privileges granted to, and gradual for use of this church (ff. 119-301); document from Ildefonsus, count of Touluse (dated 1128), addressed to Amalius, bishop of Tolouse (1105 to 1140) (f. 119).
John Gibson (fl. 1720-1726), dealer; sold (ff. 119-301) to Harley on 22 June 1726 (see Diary 1966; Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley 22 die Junij, A.D. 1726’ (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Ruled in hardpoint.
Horizontal catchwords.
Musical notation / Aquitanian notation, including ruling with a dry stylus at a mid-point between the highest and the lowest notes: see discussion Bell2001..
2 blank parchment leaves after f. 118.
Contents:
1. Johannis de Abbatis villa, episcopi Sabinensis, Semones Dominicales
2. Tolosanae S. Stephani Ecclesiae Privilegia
3. Tolosanae Hymni per totum annum cum notis Musicis, formae singularis
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 4951.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-374 (p. 340).

Le graduel romain: édition critique par les moines de Solesmes, 2 vols (Solesmes: Abbaye Saint-Pierre, 1957), II: Les sources, p. 64.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), II: 1723-1726, p. 337 n. 3.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 162, 330.

David Hiley, Western Plainchant: A Handbook (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. ii.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), I, 43.

Ruth Steiner, 'The Music for a Cluny Office of Saint Benedict', in Monasticism and the Arts ed. by Timothy G. Verdon (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1984), p. 81-113 [reprinted as Ruth Steiner, Studies in Gregorian Chant (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999)], pp. 101, 103, 108.

Nicholas Bell, Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 19.


Images

Part  2   ff. 119-301v
Gradual of Saint-Etienne of Toulouse, including a tonary (a collection of chant melodies)
* * *
 
Christ and Evangelist symbols: eagle, angel, ox, and winged lion

f. 123
Christ and Evangelist symbols: eagle, angel, ox, and winged lion
Musician

f. 295v
Musician
Musician

f. 297v
Musician
 
Juggler

f. 298v
Juggler
Juggler

f. 298v
Juggler
Man with bells

f. 299v
Man with bells
 
Man with bells

f. 299v
Man with bells
Dancing woman

f. 300v
Dancing woman

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