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Detailed record for Harley 5739

Author Synesius
Title 'Catastasis II' (ff. 1-10), 'Ad Paeonium de dono astrolabii' (ff. 10v-21), 'Catastasis I' (ff. 21v-24), 'In pervigilio natalis', Homily 2 (ff. 24v-25v)
Origin Spain, Central (Toledo)
Date 2nd half of the 16th century
Language Greek
Script Greek minuscule
Scribe Antonios Kalosunas
Decoration 3 headpieces with interlace decoration in red and black or black (ff. 1, 10v, 24v). Initials, plain or with foliate decoration, and titles in red or black.
Dimensions in mm 205 x 155 (160 x 80)
Official foliation ff. 25 (+ 3 unfoliated early modern flyleaves at the beginning and the end, and numerous modern leaves after f. 25)
Form Paper codex
Binding Post-1600. 'Harleian' binding of gilt-tooled red morocco, attributable to Thomas Elliott; marbled endleaves. Rebacked in 1959.
Provenance Written mainly by Antonios Kalosunas (ff. 1-24), who worked in Toledo, and also supplied marginal notes (ff. 24v-25v; see Gamillscheg and Harlfinger 1981).
Johann Georg Graevius (b. 1632, d. 1703), German classical scholar and critic: his manuscript no. 67 (see Clark 1891); sold to Wilhelm in 1703 with the rest of his library (see Wright 1972).
Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658, d. 1716), owner of a library in Düsseldorf: bought the entire Graevius library in 1703 (see Wright 1972).
John Covel (b. 1638, d. 1722), chaplain of the Levant Company in Constantinople, 1670-1676, and later Master of Christ's College, Cambridge: not owned by him as suggested by Wright (see Wright 1972; Summary Catalogue 1999).
Giovanni Giacomo Zamboni (d. 1753), resident in London for the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (c. 1723-1753), friend of Michael Maittaire (b. 1670, d. 1747), the classical scholar and historian of printing: bought the Wilhelm library sometime before 1724 through Johann Büchels (b. 1659, d. 1738): sold by him to Edward Harley on 20 October 1725 (see Wright and Wright 1966; Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley, ‘20 die mensis Octobris, A.D. 1725’ (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Watermark of a cross, similar to C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leur apparition vers 1282 jusqu'en 1600, A Facsimile of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. by Allan Stevenson, 4 vols (Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1968), nos. 5677-5704 (from Italy, Spain and France, 1555-1600), and to Dieter and Johanna Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften (Berlin: N. Mielke, 1974-1980), 'Croix' nos. 42-43 (Andrea Darmarios, Madrid, 1579).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), III (1808), no. 5739.

Albert C. Clark, 'The Library of J. G. Graevius', The Classical Review, 5 (1891), 365-72 (p. 371 no. 59).

Synesii cyrenensis hymni et opuscola, ed. by Nicola Terzaghi, Scriptores graeci et latini, 2 vols. (Rome: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato- Archivi di Stato, 1939-1944), II (1944), p. xxx.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), II: 1723-1726, p. 385 n. 6.

Cyril E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 116, 169, 368, 461.

Repertorium der griechischen Kopisten 800-1600, ed. by Ernst Gamillscheg and Dieter Harlfinger, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik, 3-1, ed. by Herbert Hunger (Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981- ), I: Handschriften aus Bibliotheken Grossbritanniens, 3 vols, no. 25.

Summary Catalogue of Greek Manuscripts (London: British Library, 1999- ), I, p. 186 [with further bibliography].

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Decorated headpiece

f. 1
Decorated headpiece

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