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Detailed record for Sloane 3544

Title Bestiary
Origin England
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration Numerous (112) miniatures in brown, green, and red, on alternately blue and red backgrounds. Small initials in red.
Dimensions in mm 190 x 135 (145 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 44 ( + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Rawlinson binding of blue leather with gold tooling of foliate decoration with scallop shells and a bird in the centre and tooling on the edges.
Provenance Thomas Rawlinson (b. 1681, d. 1725), book collector; his binding.
Sir Hans Sloane (b. 1660, d. 1753), baronet, physician and collector.
Purchased as part of the Sloane collection from Sloane's executors and incorporated into the newly founded British Museum in 1753.
Notes This is a 'Second Family' bestiary; see James; Payne p. 15.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additional Manuscripts: Sloane 3522-3674 (London: British Museum unpublished manuscript of unedited descriptions, no date), no. 3544 [available in The British Library Manuscripts Reading Room].

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

M. R. James, The Bestiary: Being a Reproduction in full of the Manuscript Ii.4.26 in the University Library, Cambridge (Oxford: Roxburghe Club, 1928), p. 17.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Verzeichnis astrologischer und mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters, ed. by Harry Bober, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1916-66), III: Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken (1953), p. 247.

Florence McCulloch, Medieval Latin and French Bestiaries, University of North Carolina Studies in the Romance Languages and Literatures, 33 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1962), pp. 37, 188.

Brunsdon Yapp, Birds in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British LIbrary, 1981), pp. 62, 65.

Dora Faraci, Il bestiario medio inglese (Ms Arundel 292 della British Library) (Rome: Japadre, 1990), p. 258, pl. 12.

Anne Payne, Medieval Beasts (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 15, 22, 28, 29, 48, 52, 61, 64, 74, 77, 87, 90, 93.

Ron Baxter, Bestiaries and Their Users in the Middle Ages (Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing, 1998), pp. 147, 174.

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].


Images
* * *
 
Lion and cubs

f. 1
Lion and cubs
Lion

f. 1
Lion
Decorated initial

f. 1
Decorated initial
 
Lion

f. 1v
Lion
Tiger

f. 2
Tiger
Antelope, Unicorn

f. 4
Antelope, Unicorn
 
Beaver

f. 6
Beaver
Ibex; hyena

f. 6v
Ibex; hyena
Miniature of animals.

f. 7
Miniature of animals.
 
Apes

f. 7v
Apes
Satyr; stag

f. 8
Satyr; stag
Goat; hunting

f. 9
Goat; hunting
 
Goats; monoceros

f. 9v
Goats; monoceros
Bears; crocodile

f. 10v
Bears; crocodile
Fox

f. 11v
Fox
 
Horned animal

f. 12
Horned animal
Dog

f. 13v
Dog
Dogs

f. 14
Dogs
 
Adam and animals

ff. 15v-16
Adam and animals
Detail

f. 15v
Detail
Sheep

f. 16
Sheep
 
Rams

f. 16
Rams
Sheep; rams

f. 16
Sheep; rams
Sheep

f. 16v
Sheep
 
Boar; lamb; bulls

f. 17
Boar; lamb; bulls
Camel

f. 17v
Camel
Dromedary; donkey

f. 18
Dromedary; donkey
 
Asses; horse

f. 18v
Asses; horse
Cat and rats

f. 20v
Cat and rats
Eagles

f. 22v
Eagles
 
Vulture

f. 23
Vulture
Cranes

f. 23v
Cranes
Caladrius bird

f. 24
Caladrius bird
 
Heron

f. 24v
Heron
Birds

f. 25
Birds
Bird

f. 25v
Bird
 
Birds

f. 26
Birds
Phoenix

f. 26v
Phoenix
Pelican; owl

f. 28
Pelican; owl
 
Mermaid

f. 28v
Mermaid
Mermaid

f. 28v
Mermaid
Birds

f. 29
Birds
 
Birds

f. 29v
Birds
Hawk; bats

f. 30
Hawk; bats
Birds

f. 30v
Birds
 
Doves

f. 31
Doves
Turtledoves

f. 31v
Turtledoves
Birds

f. 32
Birds
 
Birds

f. 32v
Birds
Hoopoe

f. 33
Hoopoe
Beehives

f. 33v
Beehives
 
Dragon

f. 34v
Dragon
Snakes

f. 35
Snakes
Asp

f. 37
Asp
 
Creatures

f. 38
Creatures
Aquatic animals

ff. 42v-43
Aquatic animals
Whale

f. 42v
Whale
 
Serra

f. 42v
Serra
Dophins

f. 42v
Dophins
Serra

f. 43
Serra
 
Crocodille

f. 43
Crocodille

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