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Detailed record for Oriental 1404

Title Haggadah with commentary and liturgical poems for Passover (the 'Brother Haggadah')
Origin Spain, N. E. (Catalonia)
Date 3rd quarter of the 14th century
Language Hebrew
Script Sephardi square script, partially punctuated (certain sections of the main text as well as the captions and texts on the upper and lower margins not punctuated)
Decoration 13 full-page miniatures in geometrical frames (ff. 1v-7v), 10 textual illustrations (ff. 8, 9, 9v, 10, 10v, 14v, 15, 17, 17v, 18). 28 decorated initial-word panels with gold letters with foliate spreading to the margin (ff. 8, 8v, 9, 9v, 10, 10v, 11, 11v, 12, 12v, 13, 13v, 14, 16v, 17, 17v, 18, 18v, 19, 19v, 20, 20v, 21, 21v, 22, 27v, 29v, 30). 4 marginal illustrations with foliate, animals, hybrids, hunting scene (ff. 8, 15v, 16, 18). Numerous initial words with penwork decoration. 8 embellished vertical bands with keywords of texts, penwork and pen-flourishing (ff. 23v, 24, 24v, 25v, 28, 28v, 29, 29v), and on two folios, embellished vertical bands with white vine motifs and golden keywords of the text included (ff. 15v, 16).
Dimensions in mm 270 x 230 (180/200 x 140/145)
Official foliation ff. 51 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end of the codex; remains of other foliations in the lower margin and in the upper right corner of the folios)
Collation 7 quires: i8 (ff. 1-8v), ii8 (ff. 9-16v), iii8 (ff. 17-24v), iv8 (ff. 25-32), v8 (ff. 33-40), vi8 (ff. 41-48), vii4-1 (ff. 49-51).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Italian white parchment, tooled.
Provenance Meir b. Malakiel Ashkenazi: sold to his brother-in-law, Moses Ibn Keves in the month of Sivan 5162 (3 May to 1 June 1402): inscribed (on a strip of vellum stuck on a paper strip pasted on f. 1).
Abraham Hen, son of the nobleman R. Ja'udah, physician, son of R. Emanuel Hen the physician of the house of Shealtiel: inscribed with his name (f. 50v).
Pencil note in English: "Spanish mss. Of this age are so rare that the Brit. Mus. has not one like this." (f. [i verso]).
Purchased by the British Museum at Bragge's sale on 7-10 June 1876: inscribed (f. [i verso]); perhaps William Bragge (b. 1823, d. 1884), civil engineer and steel manufacturer.
Notes The manuscript was called 'Brother Haggadah' by Bezalel Narkiss. The title refers to the fact that both in its iconographical features and in style, the manuscript is very similar to the Rylands Haggadah. On the Narkiss nomenclature, see Katrin Kogman-Appel 1997, p. 452 n. 9.
Select bibliography George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 606.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (Jerusalem: Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1969), pp. 68, 170.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles: A Catalogue Raisonne´. The Spanish and Portuguese Manuscripts, 2 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), I, no. 16; II, figs 287-305.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, La Bible hébraïque (Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1987), pp. 94 and 104.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, ‘The Sephardic Picture Cycles and the Rabbinic Tradition: Continuity and Innovation in Jewish Iconography’, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 60 (1997), 451-82.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, ‘The Picture Cycles of the Rylands Haggadah and the so-called Brother Haggadah and Their Relation to the Western Tradition of Old Testament Illustration’ Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library, 79, 2 (1997), 3-20.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, Jewish Book Art Between Islam and Christianity: the Decoration of Hebrew Bibles in Medieval Spain (Lieden: Brill, 2004), p. 183.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, Illuminated Haggadot from Medieval Spain. Biblical Imagery and the Passover Holiday (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006), pp. 91-97.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 101-2.

Sarit Shalev-Eyni, ‘Who are the Heirs of the Hebrew Bible? Sephardic Visual Historiography in a Christian Context’ Medieval Encounters, 16 (2010), 23-63 (pp. 28-35 and 55-63).


Images
* * *
 
Back binding

Back binding
Back binding
Upper binding

Upper binding
Upper binding
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 1v
Scenes from the life of Moses
 
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 2
Scenes from the life of Moses
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 2v
Scenes from the life of Moses
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 3
Scenes from the life of Moses
 
Scenes from Exodus

f. 3v
Scenes from Exodus
The second and the third plagues

f. 4
The second and the third plagues
The fourth and the fifth plagues

f. 4v
The fourth and the fifth plagues
 
The sixth and the seventh plagues

f. 5
The sixth and the seventh plagues
The eighth and the ninth plagues

f. 5v
The eighth and the ninth plagues
Scenes from Exodus

f. 6
Scenes from Exodus
 
Exodus

f. 6v
Exodus
Passage of the Red Sea

f. 7
Passage of the Red Sea
Seder eve

f. 7v
Seder eve
 
Seder eve

f. 8
Seder eve
The bread of affliction

f. 9
The bread of affliction
Benei Braq

f. 9v
Benei Braq
 
R. Eleazar ben Azaryah and the Wise Son

f. 10
R. Eleazar ben Azaryah and the Wise Son
The Wicked Son

f. 10v
The Wicked Son
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 11
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 11v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 12
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 12v
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 13
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 13v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 14
Decorated initial-word panels
 
R. Yosi the Galilean and R. Eliezer

f. 14v
R. Yosi the Galilean and R. Eliezer
R. Yosi the Galilean and R. Eliezer

f. 14v
R. Yosi the Galilean and R. Eliezer
Rabbi Akiva

f. 15
Rabbi Akiva
 
'It would have been enough'

f. 15v
'It would have been enough'
Embellished bands

f. 16
Embellished bands
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 16v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Rabban Gamliel

f. 17
Rabban Gamliel
The unleavened bread

f. 17v
The unleavened bread
The bitter herb

f. 18
The bitter herb
 
The bitter herb

f. 18
The bitter herb
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 18v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 19
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 20v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 21
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 21v
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 27v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 28
Decorated initial-word panel
Penwork decoration

f. 28v
Penwork decoration
 
Decorated initial word panel

f. 29v
Decorated initial word panel
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 30
Decorated initial-word panels

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