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Detailed record for Oriental 2736

Title Prayer book (siddur), Italian rite, with the books of Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Five Scrolls (Hamesh megillot), and the Haftarot for the entire year in the margins.
Origin Italy, Central (Bertinoro)
Date 1390
Language Hebrew
Script Italian square script, partially punctuated
Scribe Daniel ben Samuel ha-Rofe (?)
Decoration 1 full-page miniature of a coat of arms, in colours and gold (f. 2v). 1 full foliate border in colours and gold (f. 10). Numerous texts in decorated frames and inhabited by birds, animals, hybrids, in colours (ff. 3v-9). Many initial-word panels with pen-flourishing inhabited by birds and hybrids, in colours.
Many pen-flourishing and foliate motifs around passages sometimes inhabited by hybrids and birds.
Dimensions in mm 140 x 90 (105 x 70)
Official foliation ff. 479 (+ 1unfoliated parchment flyleaf)
Collation 61 quires: i2 (1-2), ii8 (ff. 2a-9), iii8 (ff. 10-17), iv8 (ff. 18-25), v8 (ff. 26-33), vi8 (ff. 34-41), vii8 (ff. 42-49), viii8 (ff. 50-57), ix8 (ff. 58-65), x8 (ff. 66-73), xi8 (ff. 74-81), xii8 (ff. 82-89), xiii8 (ff. 90-97), xiv8 (ff. 98-105), xv8 (ff. 106-113), xvi8 (ff. 114-121), xvii8 (ff. 122-129), xviii8 (ff. 130-137), xix8 (ff. 138-145), xx8 (ff. 146-153), xxi8 (ff. 154-161), xxii8 (ff. 162-169), xxiii8 (ff. 170-177), xxiv8 (ff. 178-185), xxv8 (ff. 186-193), xxvi8 (ff. 194-201), xxvii8 (ff. 202-209), xxviii8 (ff. 210-217), xxix8 (ff. 218-225), xxx8 (ff. 226-233), xxxi8 (ff. 234-241), xxxii8 (ff. 242-249), xxxiii8 (ff. 250-257), xxxiv8 (ff. 258-265), xxxv8 (ff. 266-273), xxxvi8 (ff. 274-281), xxxvii8 (ff. 282-289), xxxviii8 (ff. 290-297), xxxix8 (ff. 298-305), xl8 (ff. 306-313), xli8 (ff. 314-321), xlii8 (ff. 322-329), xliii8 (ff. 330-337), xliv8 (ff. 338-345), xlv8 (ff. 346-353), xlvi8 (ff. 354-361), xlvii8 (ff. 362-369), xlviii8 (ff. 370-377), xlix8 (ff. 378-385), l8 (ff. 386-393), li8 (ff. 394-401), lii8 (ff. 402-409), liii8 (ff. 410-417), liv8 (ff. 418-425), lv8 (ff. 426-433), lvi8 (ff. 434-441), lvii8 (ff. 442-449), lviii8 (ff. 450-457), lix8 (ff. 458-465), lx8 (ff. 466-473), lxi8-2 (ff. 474-479). Catchwords.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Brown leather, tooled, with clasps.
Provenance Colophon without names: dated 1 Iyyar 5150 [1390] (f. 479).
Daniel ben Samuel ha-Rofe, dayyan (judge) in Pisa, the first owner and probably the scribe: inscribed with his name (f. 3v).
Joseph Levi ha-Qatan: his name inscribed in partially illegible inscriptions: [5]306 [1546] (f. 1).
Inscription in Italian, dated: 19 Agugust 1815 (inner front cover).
Chaim Horowitz: purchased from him on 26 January 1884 (inner back cover).
Notes Blank pages: ff. 1v, 2, [2a recto] and [2a verso].
Hair side and flesh side are distinguishable. Ruling is visible.
Select bibliography Aaron Freimann, 'Jewish Scribes in Medieval Italy', in Alexander Marx Jubilee Volume (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1950), pp. 231-342 (no. 80a).

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 617.

Hava Lazar, 'Jonah, the Tower, and the Lions: an Eighteenth Century Italian Silver Book Binding', Journal of Jewish Art, 3-4 (1977), pp. 58-73 (pp. 68-69).

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Mortara Luisa Ottolenghi, “Manoscritti Emiliagno-Romagnoli del XIV-XV secolo. Un punto d’Incontro tra miniatori cristiani ed ebrei?” in Atti del terzo convegno tenuto a Idice, Bologna, nei giorni 9-11 novembre 1982 Associazione italiana per lo studio del giudaismo. Convegno (3rd: 1982: Idice, Italy), (Roma: Carucci, 1985), pp. 103-13 (pp. 109-11).

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), p. 74.


Images
* * *
 
Coat of arms

f. 2v
Coat of arms
Raven and lion

f. 3v
Raven and lion
Hare hunt

f. 5v
Hare hunt
 
Inhabited frames

ff. 8v-9
Inhabited frames
Inhabited full border

f. 10
Inhabited full border
Owl

f. 87
Owl
 
Dragons

f. 186
Dragons
Dragons

f. 186
Dragons
Human heads

f. 194
Human heads
 
Dragon and duck

f. 312v
Dragon and duck
Dragon and duck

f. 312v
Dragon and duck
Human heads

f. 316v
Human heads
 
Man with lulav

f. 470v
Man with lulav
Man with lulav

f. 470v
Man with lulav
Inhabited frame

f. 479v
Inhabited frame
 
Inhabited frame

f. 479v
Inhabited frame

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