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Detailed record for Oriental 42

Title Festival prayer book (mahzor) for Rosh ha-Shanah and the Yom Kippur, and beginning of Sukkot, Ashkenazi rite (aka 'Dragon's Head Mahzor')
Origin Germany
Date Last quarter of the 14th century
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi square script, partially punctuated
Scribe Abraham?
Decoration Text framed by and arch inhabited by hybrids in ink (f. 58). 11 inhabited initial words in ink and sometimes with red (ff. 1, 10v, 17v, 26v, 30, 44v, 46, 58, 58v, 110, 140v). Image of a hybrid next to an initial word in ink (f. 27v). 3 drawings in ink next to the catchwords (ff. 51v, 59v, 163v). Drawings of small dragon heads in ink decorating the first letters of lines on 12 folios (ff. 47, 53, 61, 62, 63, 64, 78, 78v, 79, 79v, 126, 144v).
Dimensions in mm 435 x 310 (270/265 x 200/190)
Official foliation ff. 163 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation 20 quires: i8 (ff. 1-8), ii8-1 (ff. 9-15), iii8 (ff. 16-23), iv8 (ff. 24-31), v10 (ff. 32-41), vi10 (ff. 42-51), vii8 (ff. 52-59), viii8 (ff. 60-67), ix8 (ff. 68-75), x8 (ff. 76-83), xi8 (ff. 84-91), xii8 (ff. 92-99), xiii10 (ff. 100-109), xiv8 (ff. 110-117), xv8 (ff. 118-125), xvi10 (ff. 126-135), xvii8-1 (ff. 136-142), xviii8 (ff. 143-150), xix5 (ff. 151-155), xx8 (ff. 156-163).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Abraham, scribe?: the name Avraham is marked on f. 110.
Joseph Schönblum: purchased by the British Museum on 25 May 1867 (f. [165v]).
Notes The manuscript is imperfect at the beginning and at the end.
Lower margin has been cut off numerous times (ff. 56, 57, 84, 86, 87, 105, 119, 125, 126, 127, 131, 149, 152).
Pricking and ruling are visible.
Erasures (e.g., ff. 81v, 85) or passages drawn across (e.g., ff. 18, 24v, 25, 35v, 87v, 102, 108v, 109v, 121, 121v, 128v, 158), entire poem drawn across (ff. 96v-97, 98-99, 99-99v, 153v).
The word ‘Moie’ is written in Latin characters in the upper margin of folio 68v, and ‘Mojs’ in the upper margin of folio 107v.
Select bibliography Israel Davidson, Otsar ha-shirah veha piyut: mi-zeman hatimat kitve ha- kodesh ad reshit tekufat ha-haskalah [Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry] (New York: Bet midrash ha-Rabanim de-Amerikah, 1924-1933) [on the text].

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 668.

Sarit Shalev-Eyni, 'Ashkenazi Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles' New Letter of the Center for Jewish Art 12 (1996) http://cja.huji.ac.il/NL12-HIMBI.htm (accessed on 17 December 2010).


Images
* * *
 
Inhabited initial word

f. 1
Inhabited initial word
Inhabited initial word

f. 10v
Inhabited initial word
Inhabited initial word

f. 26v
Inhabited initial word
 
Hybrid

f. 27v
Hybrid
Inhabited initial word

f. 44v
Inhabited initial word
Inhabited initial words

f. 58v
Inhabited initial words
 
Zoomorphic letter

f. 140v
Zoomorphic letter

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