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Detailed record for Sloane 3451

Title Speculum humanae salvationis, with tabula, prohemium, and 45 chapters
Origin England
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous drawings of types in brown ink, most with captions, and some also with details. Large initials in blue. Small initials in brown.
Dimensions in mm 205 x 145 (170 x 130)
Official foliation ff. 103 ( + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end); ff. 1-2 and 103 are parchment flyleaves
Form Paper codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance 15th-century inscription 'John west of new (?) Beryy' [in Berkshire?] (f. 1).
15th-16th century inscription of a marriage bann (f. 1).
Sir Hans Sloane (b. 1660, d. 1753), baronet, physician and collector.
Purchased as part of the Sloane collection from Sloane's executors and incorporated into the newly founded British Museum in 1753.
Notes Scott 1996 p. 138 related the format, page design, and iconography of this manuscript to that of Oxford, Corpus Christi College MS 161 and Yale, Beinecke MS 27, and states that there are six English copies from the mid-14th century to the early 15th century, including also Paris, BnF fr. 400, Morgan M. 766, and Chicago, Art Institute MS 23. 420. Another copy of the text is Harley 2838, and an earlier example is Sloane 346.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additional Manuscripts: Sloane 3403-3521 (London: British Museum unpublished manuscript of unedited descriptions, no date), no. 3451 [available in The British Library Manuscripts Reading Room].

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), I, 69 n. 19, II, 138.

Kathleen L. Scott, 'Four Early Fifteenth-Century English Manuscripts of the Speculum humanae salvationis and a Fourteenth-Century Exemplar', in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 177-203 (pp. 178-201, pls 2 fig 1, 3 fig. 1, 5 fig. 1, as 'Sloane II').

Database of illustrations of the Speculum Humanae Salvationis, ed. by Berthold Kress, in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database [https://iconographic.warburg.sas.ac.uk/vpc/VPC_search/subcats.php?cat_1=14&cat_2=812&cat_3=2903&cat_4=5439&cat_5=13111&cat_6=9245&cat_7=2921] [accessed 3 July 2018].


Images
* * *
 
God in Majesty

f. 9
God in Majesty
Adam and Eve

f. 12
Adam and Eve
Nativity of the Virgin

f. 15
Nativity of the Virgin
 
Presentation of the Virgin

f. 17
Presentation of the Virgin
Marriage of Joseph and Mary

f. 19
Marriage of Joseph and Mary
Rebecca and Eliezer

f. 22v
Rebecca and Eliezer
 
Nativity

f. 23
Nativity
Unexecuted drawing

f. 26
Unexecuted drawing
David

f. 34v
David
 
Return of the Prodigal Son

f. 36
Return of the Prodigal Son
Jews with the Pascal lamb

f. 40
Jews with the Pascal lamb
Mocking of Christ

f. 45
Mocking of Christ
 
Flagellation

f. 47
Flagellation
Lamech and his wives.

f. 48
Lamech and his wives.
Resurrection

f. 68
Resurrection
 
Finding of the lost silver

f. 75
Finding of the lost silver
Drawing of a marriage.

f. 75v
Drawing of a marriage.
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 76
Coronation of the Virgin
 

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