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Detailed record for Burney 216

ff. 5-88v 
Author Orosius
Title Historia adversus paganos
 
ff. 89-103v 
Author Dares Phrygius; and others
Title De bello Troiano (ff. 89-93v); and other short texts
 
Origin England, N. (Yorkshire)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration 4 historiated initials, mainly in red, green, and blue (ff. 28, 32v, 88v, 89). 6 foliate initials, in colours, some with dragons and/or human heads (ff. 8v, 14, 22v with gold, 44v, 56v, 69v). Marginal drawings in ink (f. 33, 36v, 47v) or leadpoint (ff. 12, 44). Small initials in combinations of red, green, and blue, occasionally with human faces (e.g., f. 57v).
Dimensions in mm 250 x 170 (200 x 130) in 2 columns
Official foliation ff. ii + 106 + 4* (ff. i-ii, 1, 104-106 are flyleaves)
Collation i five (ff. 1 and 4* are 18th-century parchment; ff. 1-4*), ii8-1 (1st leaf missing; ff. 5-11), iii-vii8 (ff. 12-51), viii8-1 (2nd leaf missing; ff. 52-58), ix-xi8 (ff. 59-82).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Tree-calf, with marbled endpapers and parchment flyleaves ruled in red ink, all typical of manuscripts owned by Swan, c.1790
Provenance The Augustinian priory of the Holy Trinity or Christ Church, Kirkham, Yorkshire (founded c. 1122): the main scribe (ff. 5-88v) also wrote Additional 38817, ff. 5-91v, from Kirkham, and Arundel 36, ff. 1-12v, each with similar initials of a northern type (ex info. Michael Gullick; cited by T. Webber and A. G. Watson, The Libraries of the Augustinian Canons, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 6 (London: British Library, 1998), p. 32).
Added chapter-list and table of contents, between 1200 and 1225 (ff. 2v-4v).
‘William Tierne[y]' (??), and shelfmark(?) ‘24:3’, second half of the 17th century? (f. 2, both erased).
John Langley, of Amies (d. 1709 or 1710) (see N. R. Ker, ‘The Migration of Manuscripts from the English Medieval Libraries’, reprinted in his collected articles: Books, Collectors, and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage, ed. by Andrew G. Watson (London: Hambledon, 1985), pp. 459-69 (p. 461).
John Somers (b. 1651, d. 1716), Baron Somers, lawyer and politician.
Sir Joseph Jekyll (bap. 1662, d. 1738), lawyer and politician, brother-in-law of Somers: his sale, 26 February 1739, lot 246, sold for 7s. 6d.
Joseph Ames (b. 1689, d. 1759), bibliographer and antiquary: his sale, 5 May 1760, lot 343.
Anthony Askew (bap. 1722, d. 1772), physician and book collector: his sale, 7 March 1785, lot 500, bought by Munro for 7s. 6d.
John Monro (b. 1715, d. 1791), physician and specialist in insanity: his sale, 23 April 1792, lot 3400.
David Swan, 1792: with his binding and ink pagination, and inscribed ‘Bibliotheca Swaniana, 1792’ above a table of contents (f. 1) (cf. Burney 13).
? Unidentified bookseller: inscribed in pencil with a price(?): ‘1.11.6’ (f. 2, top left).
James Sims (b. 1741, d. 1820), physician: his sale, 20 February 1809, lot 2447, bought by Burney for £2.
Charles Burney (b. 1757, d. 1817), D.D., classical scholar.
Acquired by the British Museum as part of Burney’s library from his son Charles Parr Burney in 1818.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part II: The Burney Manuscripts (1840), p. 59.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910) I, pp. 16-17.

D. J. A. Ross, ‘Illustrated Manuscripts of Orosius’, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 9 (1955), 35-56, (pp. 51-53, pls 15b-c).

J. M. Bately and D. J. A. Ross, 'A Checklist of Manuscripts of Orosius "Historiarum Adversum Paganos Libri Septem"', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 15 (1961), 329-34 (no. 74).

Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), p. 38, 480 n. 129, fig. 16.

David J. A. Ross, Alexander Historiatus: A Guide to medieval illustrated Alexander Literature, 2nd edn, Athenäum Monografien, Altertumswissenschaft, Beiträge zur Klassischen Philologie, ed. by Ernst Heitsch and others, 186 (Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1988), p. 75.

L. B. Mortensen, 'The Diffusion of Roman Histories in the Middle Ages. A List Of Orosius, Eutropius, Paulus Diaconus and Landolfus Sagax Manuscripts,' Filologia Mediolatina, VI-VII, (2000), 101-200 (p. 132).

Michelle P. Brown, 'Marvels of the West: Giraldus Cambrensis and the Role of the Author in the Development of Marginal Illustration', in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 34-59 (p. 50).

Anne Lawrence-Mathers, Manuscripts in Northumbria in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Woodbridge: Brewer, 2003), p. 189.
Last revised: 05 February 2005


Images

ff. 5-88v
Orosius Historia adversus paganos
* * *
 
Decorated initial

f. 14
Decorated initial
Detail

f. 14
Detail
Historiated initial

f. 32v
Historiated initial
 
Detail

f. 32v
Detail
Marginal drawing of an Elephant and Castle

f. 33
Marginal drawing of an Elephant and Castle
Detail

f. 33
Detail
 
Zoomorphic initial 'S'

f. 69v
Zoomorphic initial 'S'
Detail

f. 69v
Detail
Bishop

f. 88v
Bishop
 
Detail

f. 88v
Detail

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