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Detailed record for Royal 1 E VII

Part 1 ff. 1, 10-184v 
Title Bible
Origin England, S. (Winchester?)
Date last quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Initials in red with display script in rustic capitals or uncials, at the beginning of books and prologues. Smaller initials in red or black.
Dimensions in mm 570 x 340 (450 x 240), in two columns
Part 2 f. 1v 
Origin England (Canterbury, Christ Church)
Date 3rd quarter of 11th century
Language Latin
Decoration 1 added coloured drawing of the Creation inserted within a blank space between the summaries of Genesis and the beginning of Genesis.
Dimensions in mm 570 x 340
Part 3 ff. 2-9 
Title Bible: Genesis 1-29
Origin England (Canterbury, Christ Church?)
Date 2nd half of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 puzzle initial in red and blue with red and black pen-flourishing, at the beginning of Genesis (f. 2), and smaller initials in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 570 x 350 (440 x 245), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 208 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of Christ Church, Canterbury: inscribed 'Biblioteca ecclesie Christi', 13th century (vol. II, Royal 1 D VIII, f. 193); probably to be identified with a 'Biblia bipartita in infirmaria in duobus voluminibus' in Tituli librorum de libraria ecclesiae Christi compiled under Henry of Estria (1284-1331), Cotton Galba E IV (see James, The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover (Cambridge, University Press, 1903) no 321, p. 51); extensively corrected in the 11th-12th centuries by scribes writing a Christ Church script, probably in the same hand as in Arundel MS 155, which has a Christ Church origin and provenance (see Dumville (1991), p. 47).
Added Obadiah 19-21, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Baruch, Esdras III and IV in a 16th-century imitation of Caroline Minuscule (ff. 185-208).
Robert Lenton: inscribed with his name on a slip of paper inserted between ff. 34 and 35, 16th century (f. 34*).
Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (b. 1512, d. 1580), magnate: inscribed with his name, 'Arundel' (f. 2).
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 2); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 134 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library: perhaps to be identified with 'Biblia Latina usque ad cap. 16 Esaiae' in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James's Palace (see Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697'), no . 7723).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes The only known surviving Anglo-Saxon copy of the complete Bible: see Cahn (1982), p. 82.
Includes the epistle of Jerome to Paulinus, imperfect (starts with: 'Quid igitur. Damnamus veteres'), Octateuch, Kings, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets.
The second volume is Royal 1 E VIII.
The text corrected or emended by a Christ Church scribe; other manuscripts attributed to him are: Cambridge, Trinity College, MSS B.1.17 and B.3.9 (see Marsden (1994) and Webber (1995)). Parts of the Bible are completed in later hands on added quires: Genesis 1-29 (ff. 15th century, see part 3) and Obadiah 19-21, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, Baruch and Esdras III and IV (ff. 185-208, 16th century).
Quires signatures.
Select bibliography Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, 4th edn, ed. by Edward Miller, 2 vols (London: George Bell & Sons, 1894), II, p. 67.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, pp. 20-21.

Julius P. Gilson, Description of the Saxon Manuscript of the Four Gospels in the Library of York Minster (York: Ben Johnson, 1925), p. 4.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 50.

Otto Pächt, C.R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), p. 51, n. 2.

Frances Wormald, 'An English Eleventh-century Psalter with Pictures: British Museum, Cotton Tiberius C. VI', The Walpole Society, 38 (1962), 1-13 (p. 8).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N.R. Ker, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3, 2nd edn (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp. 36, 362.

Adelheid Heimann, 'Three Illustrations from the Bury St. Edmunds Psalter and their Prototypes: Notes on the Iconography of some Anglo-Saxon Drawings', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 29 (1966), 39-59 (pl. 11a, pp. 52, 53).

John B. Friedman, 'The Architect's Compass in Creation Miniatures of Later Middle Ages', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought, and Religion, 30 (1974), 419-28 (pp. 420 n. 2, 423).

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts, 900-1066, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 102.

Mary Richards, 'A Decorated Vulgate Set from 12th Century Rochester, England', The Journal of the Walter Art Gallery, 39 (1981), 59-67 (pp. 63-65, 68, 75, 80-83).

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1982), p. 82, fig. 51.

Mary Richards, Texts and Their Traditions in the Medieval Library of Rochester Cathedral Priory, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 78, part 3 (Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society, 1988), pp. 63-64.

David N. Dumville, 'On Dating of Some Late Anglo-Saxon Liturgical Manuscripts', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 10 (1991), 40-57 (pp. 47-48).

David N. Dumville, English Caroline Script and Monastic History, Studies in Benedictinism, A.D. 950-1030, Studies in Anglo-Saxon History, 6 (Suffolk: Boydell, 1993), pp. 109, 146.

Richard Marsden, 'The Old Testament in Late Anglo-Saxon England: Preliminary Observations on the Textual Evidence', in The Early Medieval Bible: Its Production, Decoration and Use (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 101-24 (pp. 101, 104, 109-23).

Richard Gameson, 'English Manuscript Art in the Late Eleventh Century: Canterbury and its Context', in Canterbury and the Norman Conquest: Churches, Saints and Scholars 1066-1109, ed. by Richard Wales and Richard Sharpe (London: Hambledon, 1995), pp. 95-144 (pp. 104, n. 31, 111, n. 55, 143)

Tessa Webber, 'Script and Manuscript Production at Christ Church Canterbury after the Norman Conquest', in Canterbury and the Norman Conquest: Churches, Saints and Scholars 1066-1199, ed. by Richard Eales and Richard Sharpe (London: Hambledon, 1995), pp. 145-58 (pp. 155-56).

David G. Selwyn, The Library of Thomas Cranmer (Oxford: The Oxford Bibliographical Society, 1996), pp. 192-93, 258.

Richard Marsden, 'Ask What I am Called': The Anglo-Saxons and Their Bibles', in The Bible as Book: The Manuscript Tradition, ed. by John L. Sharpe III and Kimberly Van Kampen (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 145-76 (p.174).

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 449.

Diane Reilly, 'French Romanesque Giant Bibles', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 56 (2002), 294-311 (p. 295).

Kristine Haney, The St. Albans Psalter: An Anglo-Norman Song of Faith (New York: Peter Lang, 2002), pp. 19-21.

C.M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England, 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), p. 56.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 59.

Asa Simon Mittman, Maps and Monsters in Medieval England (New York: Routledge, 2006), fig. 2.3.

Richard Gameson, The Earliest Books of Canterbury Cathedral: Manuscripts and Fragments to c. 1200 (London: Bibliographical Society, 2008), p. 62.

Richard Gameson, Manuscript Treasures of Durham Cathedral (London: Third Millennium, 2010), p. 55.


Part  2   f. 1v
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f. 1v

f. 1v

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