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Detailed record for Royal 14 B IX

Author Peter of Poitiers
Title Compendium historiae in genealogia Christi
Origin England, S.
Date 2nd half of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Diagram spanning the length of the roll, containing a series of 16 tinted figural drawings in roundels, in pink, pale blue, green, orange and yellow-brown, and diagrammatic drawings in red, black, and green. 7 initials in gold on pink and blue grounds in the text between diagrams. Initials in blue with red pen-flourishing, or in red with blue pen-flourishing throughout. Rubrics in red.

The style of figural illumination, in particular the drapery folds and exaggerated postures of the figures, resembles in part more elaborate decorative programmes found in the Lambeth and Gulbenkian Apocalypses, which suggests the dating is c. 1270, if not later (Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts (1986), no. 177). The tinted drawing style is also reminiscent of manuscripts produced in London and St Albans around the middle of the century.
Dimensions in mm 6330 x 300
Official foliation 6 unfoliated parchment leaves forming a roll
Form Parchment manuscript in roll form
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 1442 (see The Lumley Library, 1956).
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: acquired the Lumley Library c. 1610; his collection became part of the Royal Library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes This illuminated roll contains a copy of Peter of Poitiers's (Petrus Pictaviensis) (b. c. 1120, d. 1205) Compendium historiae in genealogia Christi, the genealogy of Christ beginning with Adam, created in England in the second half of the thirteenth century. It is similar in content and arrangement to the slightly earlier Additional MS 60628/1.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 127.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 176.

G. Schmidt, Die Armenbibeln des XIV Jahrhunderts (Graz: Böhlau, 1959), p. 107, n. 13.

Albina de la Mare, Catalogue of the Collection of Medieval Manuscripts Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library, Oxford by James P. R. Lyell (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971), pp. 81, 82, 214, 256.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander and Otto Pächt, Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, 3 vols (Oxford University Press, 1973), III: British, Irish and Icelandic Schools, no. 429.

M. Evans, 'The Geometry of Mind', Architectural Association Quarterly, 12 (1980), 32-55 (pp. 48-49).

F. Fossier, 'Chroniques universelles en forme de rouleau à la fin du Moyen Âge', Bulletin de la Société Nationale des Antiquaires de France (1980-81), 163-83 (p. 171, n. 5).

V. A. Klove, Chaucer and the Imagery of Narrative (London: Edward Arnold, 1984), p. 315, fig. 145.

Hans-Eberhard Hilpert, 'Geistliche Bildung und Laienbildung: Zur Überlieferung der Schulschrift Compendium historaie in genealogia Christi (Compendium veteris testamenti) des Petrus von Poitiers († 1205) in England', Journal of Medieval History, 11 (1985), 315-33 (p. 329, figs 2, 3).

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), II: 1250-1285, no. 177.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud:
Sutton Publishing Ltd, 1997), p. 135 no. 8.

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 90, 103, 169, n. 311, 170, n. 338, 171, nn. 340, 342, 172, n. 347.

Pamela Robinson, 'The Format of Books: Books, Booklets and Rolls', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, Vol. II: 1100-1400, ed. by Nigel Morgan and Rodney Thompson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 39-54 (p. 43, n. 14).

Laura Cleaver, 'Past, Present and Future for Thirteenth-Century Wales: Two Diagrams in British Library, Cotton Roll XIV.12', eBLJ (2013), Article 13, pp. 8 n. 33, 15. DOI: http://www.bl.uk/eblj/2013articles/article13.html [accessed 23 March 2017].
Last revised: 23 March 2017


Images
* * *
 
Fall of Man

second picture
Fall of Man
Noah and the ark

third picture
Noah and the ark
Rainbow of Noah's covenant

third picture
Rainbow of Noah's covenant
 
Christ in Majesty

first picture
Christ in Majesty
Illuminated initial

fourth picture
Illuminated initial
Sacrifice of Abraham

fourth picture
Sacrifice of Abraham
 
David and Bathsheba (?)

eighth picture
David and Bathsheba (?)
Nebuchadnezzar

ninth picture
Nebuchadnezzar
Sedechias

tenth picture
Sedechias
 
Illuminated initial

twelfth picture
Illuminated initial
Nativity

twelfth picture
Nativity
Crucifixion

thirteenth picture
Crucifixion
 
Resurrection

fourteenth picture
Resurrection
Apostles

fifteenth picture
Apostles
Wheel of vices

sixteenth picture
Wheel of vices
 

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