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Detailed record for Harley 2506

Part 1 ff. 1-35; 49-93v 
Title An astronomical compilation
Origin France, N. (Fleury?)
Date last quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Artists Attributed to the artist of the Ramsey Psalter
Decoration Large initials in blue, green or red, some with penwork decoration (from f. 20 in red only). Small initials in brown. Rubrics in green or red. Highlighting of some letters in combinations of red, green, or blue. Large diagrams or tables in red (f. 31v), or in brown with red (ff. 53, 65). Full-page calendrical tables in brown and red (ff. 70-73v). Drawing of a bird in pencil (f. 84).
Dimensions in mm 295 x 215 (230 x 170) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 36-48v 
Author Aratus of Soli, translated by Marcus Tullius Cicero
Title Phaenomena (also known as the Aratea)
Origin France, N. (Fleury)
Date last quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Artists Drawings attributed to the artist of the Crucifixion drawing in the Ramsey Psalter
Decoration 21 drawings in ink with highlighting in blue and dots in red of personifications of the constellations (ff. 36, 36v, 37, 38, 38v, 39, 39v, 40, 40v, 41 (x2), 41v, 42 (x2), 42v, 43, 43v, 44 (x2), 44v). Small simple initials in red. Text in the outer column in red.
Dimensions in mm 295 x 215 (240 x 190) in one or two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 93 ( + f. 35x + 73x + 4 unfoliated modern flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Black leather with gold tooling on inside covers; gilt edges.
Provenance Probably written at Fleury; taken by Abbo to England or given later to the Benedictines at Ramsey. The inscription of Abbo of Fleury replaced by Berno, a German monk at Fleury, c. 994.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Containing Hygenius De Astronomia (ff. 1-30);
Priscian, De Duodecim Signis (f. 30r-v);
Abbo of Fleury, De differentia circuli et sphere (ff. 30v-32);
De nominibus stellarum (ff. 33-35);
De Concordia solaris cursus et lunaris (ff. 49-51);
Pliny, De cursu earum per zodiacum circulum (ff. 53v-54v);
Macrobius, Extract from the Commentary in somnium Scipionis II, 11,5-17 (ff. 54v-55);
Preceptum ingrediendi canonis Tholomei (ff. 55v-69);
Calendrical tables (ff. 70-73v);
Martiani Capella, De Astrologia, liber VIII (ff. 74-83v);
De divisione (ff. 84v-85v);
Remigius Autissiodorensis, Commentarius super Marcianum de Capella (ff. 86-93v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2506.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 56).

Francis Wormald, 'The Survival of Anglo-Saxon Illumination after the Norman Conquest', Proceedings of the British Academy, 30 (1944), p. 130, pl. Ib.

Hanns Swarzenski, 'The Anhalt Morgan Gospels', Art Bulletin, 31 (1949), 77-83 (pp. 77-78).

F. Saxl and H. Meier, Verzeichnis astrologischer und mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters. III. Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken (Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages. III. Manuscripts in English Libraries), (London, 1953), pp. 157-60.

M.W. Evans, Medieval Drawings (London, New York, Sydney and Toronto: Hamlyn, 1969), no. 13.

A. Boutemy, 'Calendrier anglais illustré', Bulletin de la Société Nationale des Antiquaires de France (1970), 79-98 (pp. 88, 90).

T.A.M. Bishop, English Caroline Minuscule (Oxford, 1971), p. xii, nos.18, 20.

Die Karolingischen Miniaturen, ed. by Wilhelm Koehler and Florentine Mütherich, 6 vols (Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1930-99), 4, 2 parts, 4.2: Einzelhandschriften aus Lotharingien (1971), p. 77 n. 5.

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the End of the Middle Ages, ed. by Evelyn Antal and John Harthan (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971), p. 200, pls 126-27.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), p. 58.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 42, pp. 19, 64, 66, 67, 104, 116.

Linda Ehrsam Voigts, 'One Anglo-Saxon View of the Classical Gods', Studies in Iconography, University of Northern Kentucky, 3 (1977), 3-16 (p. 14, n. 29).

B. Munk Olsen, L’Étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles, 3 vols (Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1982-1989), I, p. 529 no. B. 19.

Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L.D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), pp. 22-24, 187-88.

The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, ed. by Janet Backhouse, D. H. Turner, and Leslie Webster (London: British Museum, 1984), no. 43, pl. X [exhibition catalogue].

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), p. 160.

Michelle Brown, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (London: British Library, 1991), p. 30, pl. 26.

Michael Lapidge, 'Abbot Germanus, Winchcombe, Ramsey and the Cambridge Psalter', in Words, Texts and Manuscripts: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Culture Presented to Helmut Gneuss on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifty Birthday, ed. by Michael Korhammer with Karl Reichl and Hans Sauer (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1992), pp. 99-129 (pp. 111).

William Gerard Noel, 'The Making of B. L. Harley Mss. 2506 and 603' (unpublished doctoral dissertation, Cambridge University, 1992).

C. R. Dodwell, The Pictorial Arts of theWest 800-1200 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993), pp. 114-16, 415, pl. 104.

Marco Mostert, 'The Tradition of Classical Texts in the manuscripts of Fleury', in Medieval Manuscripts of the Latin Classics: Production and Use, ed. by Claudine A. Chavannes-Mazel and Margaret M. Smith (Leiden: Anderrson-Lovelace and the Red Gull Press, 1996) pp. 19-40 (p. 33).

Charles Burnett, The Introduction of Arabic Learning into England, The Panizzi Lectures, 1996 (London: British Library, 1997), pp. 5, 15.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), p. 34, pl. 28.

Michelle P. Brown, Manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon Age (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 90, 122-23 (plates).

T. A. Heslop, ‘The Implication of the Utrecht Psalter in English Romanesque Art’, in Romanesque: Art and Thought in the Twelfth Century: Essays in Honor of Walter Cahn, ed. by Colum Hourihane, Index of Christian Art Occasional Papers, 10 (Princeton: Index of Christian Art, 2008), pp. 267-90 (p. 273 n. 16.)

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pls 18-19.

Melanie Holcomb, Pen and Parchment: Drawing in the Middle Ages (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2009), p. 9, no. 13 [exhibition catalogue].

Richard Gameson, 'An Itinerant English master around the Millenium' in England and the Continent in the Tenth Century: Studies in Honour of Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947) ed. by D. Rollason, C. Leyser and H. Williams (Turnhout: Brepols, '2010', recte 2011), pp. 87-134 (pp. 100-05).

Elly Dekker, Illustrating the Phaenomena: Celestial Cartography in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Oxford: University Press, 2013), p. 146.


Images

Part  2   ff. 36-48v
Aratus of Soli, translated by Marcus Tullius Cicero Phaenomena (also known as the Aratea)
* * *
 
Aries

f. 36
Aries
Aquarius

f. 36
Aquarius
Pisces

f. 36v
Pisces
 
Pisces

f. 36v
Pisces
Drawing

f. 37
Drawing
Text page

f. 37v
Text page
 
Swan

f. 38
Swan
Aquarius

f. 38v
Aquarius
Capricorn

f. 39
Capricorn
 
Capricorn

f. 39
Capricorn
Sagittarius

f. 39v
Sagittarius
Eagle

f. 40
Eagle
 
Arrow and eagle

f. 40
Arrow and eagle
Drawing

f. 40v
Drawing
Orion

f. 41
Orion
 
Hare

f. 41v
Hare
Argo and Cetus

f. 42
Argo and Cetus


ff. 42v-43
 


f. 42v
Drawing

f. 43v
Drawing
Centaur and Hydra

f. 44
Centaur and Hydra
 
Canis Major

f. 44v
Canis Major
Text page

f. 45
Text page

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