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Detailed record for Arundel 104

Part 1 Vol. I: ff. 1-375v, Vol. II: 1-424 
Title Bible in two volumes with prologues, in the Later Wycliffite version, preceded by a table of readings
Origin England, N.
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language English
Script Gothic
Decoration 2 full foliate borders with flowers and knots, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the Old and New Testaments, the first with a title in gold (vol. I, f. 11; vol. II, f. 251). 1 large historiated initial, in colours and gold (vol. II, f. 251). Numerous large foliate initials with partial foliate borders, in colours on gold grounds, at the beginning of the other biblical books, prologues, divisions of the Psalms, etc., occasionally with animals, animal heads or hybrids in the bar borders (vol. I, ff. 342v, 350, 367, 375; vol II, ff. 30, 56v, 57, 198v, 202v). Large and small initials in blue, with red penwork foliate decoration, and sometimes with faces (e.g., vol. II, f. 326v) and pen-flourishing; inconsistently tinted with a yellow wash (e.g. vol. I, quires 3-14, 35, 43). [The style of the initials, borders, and running-titles changes from the beginning of volume II, f. 89 (i.e. the beginning of quire 12)]. Decorated catchwords and sometimes run-over symbols, some with heads, pointing hands, crowns, a flower, a boat, fish, hybrids, or animals (e.g., vol. I, ff. 152v, 200v, 216v, 279v, 303v, 335v, 343v; vol. II, ff. 8v, 24v, 40v, 48v, 72v, 96v, 104v, 128v, 192v, 330v). Capitals highlighted in red and/or yellow. Running titles in blue and red with red penwork decoration, and in vol. II, with purple penwork decoration.
Dimensions in mm 405 x 255 (300 x 185) in two columns
 
Part 2 vol. I, ff. 350, 354, 364v 
Author Peter Lombard
Title Historiated initials cut from a Magna glosatura
Origin England, N.? (Lincoln?)
Date 1st quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Artists close to the Aberdeen and Ashmole Bestiaries (Aberdeen, University Library, MS. 24 and Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Ashmole 1511) (see Morgan 1982)
Decoration 3 large historiated initials, in colours and gold (vol. I, ff. 350, 354, 364v); traces of 6 others, now missing (ff. 344, 346v, 348v, 361, 362, 367, and perhaps vol. II, f. 425).
 
Part 3 vol. II, f. 250v 
Title Beatus page cut from a Psalter
Origin England, N.? (York?)
Date last quarter of the 13th century
Decoration 1 very large historiated Beatus initial, in colours and gold, with a tree of Jesse, roundels or half-roundels of the six days of Creation, mounted animals jousting, and David with a slingshot and Goliath, with heraldic arms in the left margin, inserted before the beginning of the New Testament.
Dimensions in mm 405 x 255
 
Part 4 vol. I, ff. 353, 372v 
Title Historiated initials cut from a Psalter
Origin England, N.?
Date 3rd quarter of the 14th century
Decoration 2 large historiated initials, in colours and gold, affixed in the margins, one 'D' with a king pointing to his eye, and the second an 'E' with a seated man (defaced).
 
Official foliation Vol I: ff. 375 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 4 at the end); Vol. II: 424 (+ 4 modern paper flyleaves at each of the beginning and the end)
Collation Vol I: i8 (ff. 1-8), ii2 (ff. 9-10), iii-v8 (ff. 11-34), vi8-2 (2nd and 3rd leaves--ff. 36-37 in the medieval foliation--are missing; ff. 35-40), vii-xxxii8 (ff. 41-248), xxxiii8-1 (6th leaf cancelled; ff. 249-255), xxxiv-xlviii8 (ff. 256-375); Vol. II: i-xi8 (ff. 1-88), xii-xxx8 (ff. 89-240), xxxi10 (ff. 241-250), xxxii-lii8 (ff. 251-419), liii8-2 (7th and 8th leaves missing, probably blank; ff. 420-425).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1963. Patterns of three holes and rust-marks show that each volume formerly had metal fittings in the centre of their upper and lower boards.
Provenance Inscribed, 15th century (?) 'Anne pury(?)' (vol. I, f. 213v); and 'Acabre(?) cabreth(?)' (vol. I, f. 237v).
15th-century marginal drawing in brown ink of the Adoration of the Magi (vol. II, f. 251v).
Unidentified owner: sketched arms a chevron, three unidentified objects two and one (vol. II, f. 335, lower margin; tinctures not indicated).
Unidentified owner: heraldic arms gules three lions passant guardant or, armed and langued argent, surmounted by a crest coronet (vol. II, f. 250v).
Henry Savile, of Banke (b. 1568 d. 1617), collector of manuscripts: number 268 in the catalogue of his manuscripts as printed by J. P. Gilson, 'The Library of Henry Savile, of Banke', Transactions of the Bibliographical Society, 9 (1906-1908), pp. 127-210, and Andrew G. Watson, The Manuscripts of Henry Savile of Banke (London: Bibliographical Society, 1969); and with an autobiographical note beginning 'Henricus Saville filius Henrici Saville de Blatheroide et franciscae uxor eius natus est …', printed in full by Gilson 1906-1908 p. 139, and by Forshall and Madden 1850, I, pp. xlii-xliii.
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London: its ink stamp 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.' (vol. I, f. 1).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes Volume I contains Genesis-Psalms; volume II contains Proverbs-Revelation.
Originally written without a break after Psalms, as shown by the illuminated initial and opening lines of Proverbs on the last page of vol. I, but divided into two volumes within the 15th century, when the latter was marked 'vacat', and re-written in the upper margin of the first page of vol. II.
Select bibliography The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments with the Apocryphal Books, in the Earliest English versions made from the Latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe and his Followers, ed. by Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, 4 vols (Oxford: University Press, 1850), I, pp. xlii-xliii, no. 29.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

E. M. Thompson,Wycliffe Exhibition in the King’s Library (London: Clowes and Sons, 1884), no. 34.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 18; II: 1250-1285, p. 174.

Stella Panayotova, 'Cuttings from an Unknown Copy of the Magna Glossatura in a Wycliffite Bible (British Library, Arundel MS. 104)', British Library Journal, 25 (1999), pp. 85-100.

Christopher de Hamel, The Book: A History of the Bible (London: Phaidon, 2001), pp. 182-183, pl. 129.

F. O. Büttner, ‘Der illuminierte Psalter im Westen’, in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F. O. Büttner, (Belgium: Brepols, 2004), pp. 1-106 (p. 28 n. 137).

Andrew G. Watson, Medieval Manuscripts in Post-Medieval England (Aldershot: Ashgate/Variorum, 2004), pp. IX, 268.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 145, fig. 131.


Images

Part  1   Vol. I: ff. 1-375v, Vol. II: 1-424
Bible in two volumes with prologues, in the Later Wycliffite version, preceded by a table of readings
* * *
 
Tree of Jesse

vol. II, f. 250v
Tree of Jesse
Tetramorph

vol. II, f. 251
Tetramorph
Tetramorph

vol. II, f. 251
Tetramorph
 
Mark

vol. II, f. 272v
Mark
Animal head

vol. I, f. 342v
Animal head
Detail

vol. I, f. 342v
Detail
 
Historiated initial

f. 350
Historiated initial
Detail

vol. I, f. 354
Detail
Detail

vol. I, f. 364v
Detail
 

Part  2   vol. I, ff. 350, 354, 364v
Peter Lombard Historiated initials cut from a Magna glosatura
* * *
 
Illuminated initial, border, and initial

vol. I, f. 350
Illuminated initial, border, and initial
Illuminated initial and added initial

vol. I, f. 354
Illuminated initial and added initial
Added historiated initial

vol. I, f. 364v
Added historiated initial
 

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