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Detailed record for Harley 228

Author Augustine
Title Retractationes, Contra academicos, De ordine, De natura boni, De opere monachorum, De musica
Origin England
Date Last quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Run-over marks in brown ink, occasionally with some yellow, in the shape of a man (f. 129), a human face (f. 23v), an animal head (f. 13v), a bird (f. 134), a hybrid creature (ff. 77v, 120, 128v, 137), and foliate or abstract motifs (ff. 33, 67, 118). Initials wanting. Rubrics in red or wanting. Display script in red (f. 73).
Dimensions in mm 230 x 150 (160/170 x 90/105)
Official foliation ff. 158 (+ 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Added, ?14th century: list of contents (f. 1).
Henry Savile, of Banke (b. 1568 d. 1617), collector of manuscripts: no. 105 in his library (see Gilson 1906-07; Watson 1966; Watson 1969; Wright 1972).
Sir Simonds d'Ewes (b.1602, d. 1650), 1st baronet, diarist, antiquary, and friend of Sir Robert Cotton (see Wright 1972): acquired by him in 1624/25 for 3s.; his signature (ff. 1, 158v) and notes.
Sir Simonds D’Ewes (d. 1722), 3rd baronet and grandson of the former: inherited and later sold the D’Ewes library to Robert Harley on 4 October 1705 for £450 (see Watson 1966).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Catchwords; running headers; quire marks ('i' on f. 118v, 'ii' on f. 126v, 'iii' on f. 134v, 'iiii' on f. 142v, 'v' on f. 150v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), I (1808), no. 228.

J. P. Gilson, 'The Library of Henry Savile, of Banke', Transactions of the Bibliographical Society 9 (1906-1908), 127-210 (p. 177, no. 105).

Andrew G. Watson, The Manuscripts of Henry Savile of Banke (London: Bibliographical Society, 1969), pp. 39 (no. 105), 81.

Andrew G. Watson, The Library of Sir Simonds D'Ewes (London: British Museum, 1966), no. A920.

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 131, 298.

* * *
Run-over mark

f. 129
Run-over mark

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