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Detailed record for Oriental 2884

Title Haggadah for Passover (the 'Sister Haggadah')
Origin Spain, N.E., Catalonia (Barcelona)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 14th century
Language Hebrew
Script Sephardi square script, main text punctuated, captions and instructions for the Seder not punctuated
Decoration 34 full-page miniatures with captions (ff. 1v-18), 11 textual illustrations (ff. 27v, 32v, 34v, 35v, 36, 36v, 41v, 50v, 51v, 52, 61). 39 decorated initial-word panels with gold or silver letters and foliate spreading to the margins (ff. 19v, 20, 23, 27v, 28, 29, 32v, 33, 33v, 34, 34v, 35, 35v, 36, 37, 38v, 41v, 42v, 43, 44, 45, 45v, 46, 46v, 47v, 48, 50, 50v, 51v, 52, 53, 53v, 54v, 57, 58, 59v, 60v, 61, 62v). One fulll border (f. 27v) and 11 marginal decorations with foliate, sometimes with dragons, hybrids (ff. 19v, 35, 41, 47v, 48v, 49, 49v, 55, 57, 60v, 63). 37 initial-word panels with penwork decoration and pen-flourishing (ff. 20v, 21, 21v, 22, 22v, 23v, 24, 25, 26, 26v, 27v, 30v, 34, 35v, 36v, 37, 37v, 39, 39v, 40, 40v, 41, 42, 43v, 44, 44v, 45, 46v, 48v, 49, 49v, 52v, 55, 58v, 60, 62v, 63), and embellished bands with foliate motifs on two folios (ff. 45v, 63).
Dimensions in mm 230 x 190 (150 x 120)
Official foliation ff. 64 (+ one unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and one at the end; there are two systems of foliation, one running from left to right and one running from right to left. The references according to the one from right to left)
Collation 9 quires: i8 (ff. 1-8), ii8 (ff. 9-16), iii2 (ff. 17-18), iv-viii8 (ff. 19-58), ix6 (ff. 59-64).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. White parchment binding.
Provenance A handwritten note on paper, stuck onto the inside lower cover: 'Le pitture rappresentareo I fatti principali delle Genesi e dell'Estudo fino al passaggio del Mar Rosso compito; li ultimi tre se referiscono ni riti Pasquali Ebraici, e il tuto alla fine del MS. contiene il Rituale della Pasqua delgi Ebrei.'
Vergane Pietro: inscribed with his name in pencil (f. 1).
Eugen von Miller: purchased by the British Museum from him on 13 June 1885 (inscription in f. [ 65v]).
Notes The name 'Sister Haggadah' was coined by Bezalel Narkiss, and it refers to the fact that in the choice of the scenes as well as in iconography, it is very similar to the 'Golden Haggadah'. On the Narkiss nomenclature see Katrin Kogman-Appel 1997, p. 452, n. 9.
Watermark on ff. [i] and [65], of a hexagonal star, unidentified.
Select bibliography George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 608.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (New York: Macmillan 1969), pp. 22, 58.

Ursula Schubert, 'Die Erschaffung Adams in einer spanischen Haggadah-Handschrift des 14. Jahrhunderts (Br. Mus. Or.2884) und ihre spätantike jüdische Bildvorlage,' Kairos 18 (1976), 213-17.

Joseph Gutmann, Hebrew Manuscript Painting (New York: Braziller, 1978), p. 18, nos. 26, 33.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles: a Catalogue Raisonne´, The Spanish and Portuguese Manuscripts, 2 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), I, no. 12; II, figs 155-208.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Mira Friedman, 'A Jewish Motif of the Creation of Man', in Proceedings of the Ninth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Division D, vol. II (Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies, 1986), pp. 1-7.

Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, La Bible hébraïque (Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1987).

Evelyn C. Cohen, 'The "Sister Haggadah" and Its "Poor Relation"', Proceedings of the Eleventh Journal of World Congress of Jewish Studies, D2 (1994), 17-24.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, 'The Sephardic Picture Cycles and the Rabbinic Tradition: Continuity and Innovation in Jewish Iconography', Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 60 (1997), 451-81.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, 'Coping with Christian Pictorial Sources: What Did Jewish Miniaturists Not Paint?' Speculum, 75 (2000), 816-58.

Julie A. Harris, 'Good Jews, Bad Jews, and No Jews at All: Ritual Imagery and Social Standards in the Catalan Haggadot', in Church, State, Vellum, and Stone: Essays on Medieval Spain in Honor of John Williams, ed. by Therese Martin and Julie A. Harris, The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World, 26 (Leiden: Brill, 2005), pp. 275-96 (p. 279, fig. 1).

Katrin Kogman-Appel, Illuminated Haggadot from Medieval Spain. Biblical Imagery and the Passover Holiday (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006), pp. 47-88.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 98-100.

Vivian B. Mann, 'Jews and Altarpeices in Medieval Spain', in Uneasy Communion: Jews, Christians, and the Altarpieces of Medieval Spain, ed. by Vivian B. Mann London: Giles, 2010), pp. 105-6.

Zsofia Buda, 'Heavenly Envoys: Angels in Jewish Art', in Angels, Devils:
The Supernatural and Its Visual Representation (CEU Medievalia), ed. by Gerhard Jaritz (Budapest: Central European University Press, 2011), pp. 117-134.


Images
* * *
 
Scenes from the life of Adam

f. 1v
Scenes from the life of Adam
Creation of Adam

f. 1v
Creation of Adam
Adam naming the animals

f. 1v
Adam naming the animals
 
Creation of Adam

f. 1v
Creation of Adam
Noah's ark

f. 2v
Noah's ark
Scenes from Genesis

f. 3
Scenes from Genesis
 
Scenes from Genesis

f. 3v
Scenes from Genesis
Scenes from the life of Jacob

f. 4v
Scenes from the life of Jacob
Jacob and Esau

f. 4v
Jacob and Esau
 
Jacob's ladder

f. 4v
Jacob's ladder
Scenes from the life of Jacob

f. 5v
Scenes from the life of Jacob
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 6v
Scenes from the life of Joseph
 
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 7v
Scenes from the life of Joseph
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 8v
Scenes from the life of Joseph
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 9v
Scenes from the life of Joseph
 
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 10
Scenes from the life of Joseph
Scenes from Exodus

f. 10v
Scenes from Exodus
Scenes from the life of Joseph

f. 11
Scenes from the life of Joseph
 
Scenes from Exodus

f. 11v
Scenes from Exodus
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 12
Scenes from the life of Moses
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 12v
Scenes from the life of Moses
 
Scenes from the life of Moses

f. 13
Scenes from the life of Moses
Scenes from Exodus

f. 13v
Scenes from Exodus
The second and the third plagues

f. 14
The second and the third plagues
 
The sixth and the seventh plagues

f. 15
The sixth and the seventh plagues
The eighth and ninth plagues

f. 15v
The eighth and ninth plagues
Scenes from Exodus

f. 16
Scenes from Exodus
 
Passage of the Red Sea

f. 16v
Passage of the Red Sea
Preparation for the Seder

f. 17
Preparation for the Seder
The synagogue

f. 17v
The synagogue
 
Seder table

f. 18
Seder table
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 19v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 20
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Embellished vertical band

f. 21
Embellished vertical band
Embellished vertical band

f. 22
Embellished vertical band
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 22v
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 23
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 24
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 25
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Opening to the Seder

f. 27v
Opening to the Seder
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 28
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 29
Decorated initial-word panel
 
The bread of affliction

f. 32v
The bread of affliction
~Mah nishtanah~

f. 33
Mah nishtanah
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 34
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Rabbi Eleazar ben Azaryah

f. 34v
Rabbi Eleazar ben Azaryah
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 35
Decorated initial-word panel
The Wise Son and the Wicked Son

f. 35v
The Wise Son and the Wicked Son
 
The 'Simple Son'

f. 36
The 'Simple Son'
The fourth son

f. 36v
The fourth son
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 37
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 38v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 41
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word, miniature

f. 41v
Decorated initial-word, miniature
 
Decorated initial-words

f. 42v
Decorated initial-words
Decorated intial-word panels

f. 45
Decorated intial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 45v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Decorated intial-word panels

f. 46
Decorated intial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 46v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 47v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Embellished vertical bands

f. 48v
Embellished vertical bands
Embellished vertical bands

f. 49
Embellished vertical bands
Embellished vertical bands

f. 49v
Embellished vertical bands
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 50
Decorated initial-word panel
Rabban Gamliel

f. 50v
Rabban Gamliel
~Matzah~

f. 51v
Matzah
 
Bitter herb

f. 52
Bitter herb
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 52v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 53
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 53v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 55
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 57
Decorated initial-word panels
 
The divine name

f. 58
The divine name
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 60
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 60v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Man praying

f. 61
Man praying
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 62v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 63
Decorated initial-word panels
 

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