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Detailed record for Royal 12 C xii

Title A collection in prose and verse, including culinary recipes, the Secret des secrets, Roman de Fulk le Fitz-Warin, Amys et Amiloun
Origin England, Central (Hereford)
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language Latin, French (Anglo-Norman), English
Script Gothic and Gothic cursive (Anglicana)
Scribe The main scribe is the 'Harley scribe' of Harley 2253, ff. 49-140v (see Revard 2000) and Harley 273 (see Hathaway et al, 1975) .
Decoration Two chiromantic ink diagrams of the palms in red and brown (ff. 106v,107). One inhabited initial in colours (f. 17). Initials and paraphs in red
Dimensions in mm 230 x 150 (text space varies)
Official foliation ff. 123 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library binding of black leather with the arms of George II and a date of 1757.
Provenance John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c.1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 1); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 2039 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71 (f. 11).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
This manuscript consists of eight originally independent units or booklets, each containing from one to four quires. See Hathaway et al., Fouke le Fitz Waryn (1975), p. xliv-xlvii on how this manuscript was compiled.
The contents include:
f. 1r-v, Office in honour of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, beheaded in 1322; verses on the corruption of the law courts;
ff. 2-3, Charters of Edward I and Henry III;
ff. 4-6v, Hymns, prayers, verses and proverbs in Latin;
f. 7, Macaronic satirical verses in Latin, French and English; medical notes in Latin and French;
f. 8-10, Arithmetical and other puzzles;
ff. 11-13, Recipes in Anglo-Norman French;
ff.13-16v, Prophecies, including an account of a false prophet in the East and Merlin Silvester, in Latin;
ff. 17-32v, Speculum Ecclesie of Edmund Rich, Archbishop of Canterbury (reigned: 1234-1240); tract on the Mass in French;
ff. 33-60v, Romance of Fulk Fitz-Warin, in French (the only known manuscript of this text);
ff. 62-68v, Brut Chronicle up to 1312 in English;
ff. 69-76, Romance of Amys et Amylion in French;
ff. 76v-91v, Treatises, including medical notes and prognostications in French and Latin;
ff. 91v-94: Secret des secrets;
ff. 94-105, French scientific verses, including tracts on fortune-telling;
ff. 105v-107v, Medical and chiromantic texts and diagrams;
ff. 108-123v, Liber experimentarius of astrological verses translated from Arabic.
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I (1883), pp. 316-17.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 26-29.

I.S.T. Aspin, Anglo-Norman Political Songs, Anglo-Norman Text Society, 11 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1953), pp. 157-68 [an edition of f. 7].

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 232.

Facsimile of British Museum MS Harley 2253, Early English Text Society, 255, ed. by Neil R. Ker (London: British Museum, 1965), pp. xviii-xx.

Fouke le Fitz Waryn, ed. by E. J. Hathaway, P. T. Ricketts, C. A Robson and A. D. Wilshere, Anglo-Norman Text Society, 26-28 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1975) [an edition of ff. 33-61].

Pamela R. Robinson, 'A Self-Contained Unit in Composite Manuscripts' in Codicologica 3: Essais typologiques, ed. by A. Gruys and J.P. Gumbert (Leiden: Brill, 1980), pp. 46-69 [on the typology of this manuscript].

Carter Revard, ‘Scribe and Provenance’ in Studies in the Harley Manuscript: The Scribes, Contents, and Social Contexts of British Library MS Harley 2253, ed. by Susanna Fein, TEAMS (Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2000), pp. 21-109 (p. 72).

Constance B. Hieatt and Robin F. Jones, 'Two Anglo-Norman Culinary Collections Edited from British Library Manuscripts Additional 32085 and Royal 12.C.xii', Speculum, 61/4 (1984), 859-82 [an edition of ff. 11-13].

Stephanie Wolf, 'Lexikologisches in den kulinarischen Rezepten aus de Handschrift BL Royal 12 C xii' Zeitschrift fur romansche Philologie, 110 (1994), pp. 37-63.

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), nos. 156, 157, 224, 225, 238, 278, 366, 372, 379, 387, 398, 439, 629, 720, 738.

J. O’Rourke, ‘British Library, MS Royal 12 C.xii and the Problems of Patronage’, Journal of the Early Book Society, 3 (2002), 216-26.

Una O‘Farrell-Tate, The Abridged English Metrical Brut edited from London, British Library MS Royal 12 C. XII (Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 2002), pp. 46-50.

Matthew Fisher, 'Once called Albion: The Composition and Transmission of History writing in England, 1280-1350' (unpublished doctoral thesis, Oxford University, 2004), pp. 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 37, 46, 48, 79, online at https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:5b5c77fa-2308.../ATTACHMENT1 [accessed on 30.01.17].

Catherine Daniel,Les prophéties de Merlin et la culture politique (XIIE-XVIe siècle) (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), [on the text, ff. 13-16v].

Early English Cookbooks [http://culinaryhistory.org/english.html] [accessed 11.09.2013].

Alberto Alonso Gualdo, 'Los Prenostica Pitagorice Consideracionis: un libro de suertes medieval. Estudio introductorio', Studi Medievali , 47.3 (2006), II, 839-53 (pp. 850-55) [on ff. 94v-105r].

Anglo-Norman Amys e Amilioun: The Text of Karlsruhe, Badische Landesbibliothek, MS. 345 (olim Codex Durlac 38) in parallel with London, British Library, MS Royal 12 C. XII, ed. by John Ford (Oxford: The Society for the Study of Medieval Languages and Literature, 2011) [ff. 69-76].

John Spence, Reimagining History in Anglo-Norman Prose Chronicles (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), pp. 134-35, 153-55, 157-58.


Images
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Text page

f. 1
Text page
Text page

f. 4v
Text page
7 recipes for meats, sauces and mulled wine

f. 11
7 recipes for meats, sauces and mulled wine
 
8 recipes for broths and sweet dishes with almond milk

f. 11v
8 recipes for broths and sweet dishes with almond milk
7 recipes for broth, eel, capon and elderflower

f. 12
7 recipes for broth, eel, capon and elderflower
7 recipes

f. 12v
7 recipes
 
Text page with recipe for 'Moree

f. 13
Text page with recipe for 'Moree
Text page

f. 13v
Text page
Inhabited initial

f. 17
Inhabited initial
 
Text page

f. 17v
Text page
Romance of Fulk Fitz-Warin

f. 33
Romance of Fulk Fitz-Warin
Brut chronicle

f. 67v
Brut chronicle
 
Diagrams

f. 106v
Diagrams
Chiromantic diagram

f. 107
Chiromantic diagram

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