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Detailed record for Harley 1782

Title Pascon agan Arluth or Mount Calvary, a passion poem
Origin England, S. W. (Cornwall)
Date 15th century
Language Cornish
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 10 marginal coloured drawings (ff. 1, 1v, 2, 6v, 7v, 9, 10, 11v, 14v, 15v). Initial in red with brown penwork decoration (f. 1).
Dimensions in mm 170 x 120 (130 x 100)
Official foliation ff. i + 22 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 21paper leaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers
Provenance Sancreed church (Cornwall): thought to have been found in Sancreed church.
John Anstis the elder (b. 1669, d. 1744), herald and antiquary: his gift to Robert Harley (prior to 1724) together with other manuscripts (see Lhuyd 1707).
John Robyns, of Penryn (Cornwall), owned the manuscript in 1700: added inscription, signed and dated (f. 22).
Added 1st words of an Anglo-Saxon thesaurus, ?18th century (f. 22v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts. Added annotation by Humfrey Wanley, their librarian (f. 22).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
This is the earliest copy of a full text in the Cornish language to have survived, and the only Cornish manuscript with miniatures (see Murdoch, Cornish Literature (1993), p. 19).
Select bibliography J. Keigwin, Mount Calvary; or, the History of the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ, written in Cornish (as it may be conjectured) some centuries past. Interpreted in English, in ... 1682, ed. by D. Gilbert (London : Nichols and Son, 1826).

E. Lhuyd, Archaeologia Britannica, giving some account additional to what has been hitherto publish’d, of the languages, histories, and customs of the original inhabitants of Great Britain: from collections and observations in travels through Wales, Cornwal, Bas-Bretagne, Ireland and Scotland (Oxford: Sheldonian Theatre, 1707), p. 265.

A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 1782.

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 51-52, 288.

R. Morton Nance, A.S.D Smith, Passyon agan Arluth, ed. by E. G. R. Hooper (Cornwall: Cornish Language Board, 1972), [Cornish text with translation].

Brian O. Murdoch, The medieval Cornish poem of the Passion: Mount Calvary, Pascon Agan Arluth (Redruth, Cornwall: Institute of Cornish Studies, 1979).

Brian O. Murdoch, Cornish Literature (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1993), pp. 19, 20, 153.


Images
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Coloured drawing

f. 1
Coloured drawing
Detail

f. 1
Detail
Coloured drawing

f. 1v
Coloured drawing
 
Coloured drawing

f. 1v
Coloured drawing
Coloured drawing

f. 2
Coloured drawing
Coloured drawing

f. 6v
Coloured drawing
 
Detail

f. 6v
Detail
Detail

f. 7v
Detail
Detail

f. 9
Detail
 
Coloured drawing

f. 10
Coloured drawing
Detail

f. 10
Detail
Detail

f. 11v
Detail
 
Coloured drawing

f. 14v
Coloured drawing
Detail

f. 14v
Detail
Detail

f. 15v
Detail
 

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