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Detailed record for Harley 2813

Title Bible, including the Psalms and Interpretation of the Hebrew Names (ff. 485-504) (imperfect), with a missal between Psalms and Proverbs
Origin England, Central (Oxford)
Date 2nd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below the top line
Artists Style of William de Brailes
Decoration 2 historiated initials (f. 3: Ambrose writing for the prologue; f. 423: John preaching, for the beginning of John's Gospel). Numerous large initials in colours with foliate decoration, hybrid creatures, masks swallowing letters, and dragons. In several instances, the descender of the letter rests on the back of an animal (cockerell on f. 442v; lioness? on f. 447v; see also ff. 449, 451v, 453, 460). Numerous smaller initials in colours with foliate decoration. Smaller initials in red or blue with pen flourishing in the same colours. Capitals marked in red ink. Running titles and chapter numbers in alternating red and blue, or in blue with red penwork decoration (ff. 237v-484v).
Dimensions in mm 185 x 135 (110 x 70) in 2 columns; (150 x 105) in 3 columns (ff. 485v-504)
Official foliation ff. 506 (ff. 505-506 are parchment flyleaves + 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end + 2 folios numbered 504a and b)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1965.
Provenance ? An Oxford Franciscan: emphasis given to Francis among the Masses (see discussion Kidd 2007).
Added tree diagrams on the themes of 'anima' and 'corpus', and short texts, ?14th century (ff. 505v-506).
?Thomas Clarke, 15th century: inscribed 'M[agister] Thome Clarke Bac...larij ?theolog.' (f. 505v).
Inscribed 'Cancio? Magistri gWyn', ?16th century (f. 506).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Chapters start on a new line.
List of Bible books (f. 226v).
Texts for the liturgy between the Psalms and Proverbs: excerpt from a missal with 'Te igitur' (ff. 227-236v). One of 26 13th-century Bible-Missals, according to Light 2003.
Lacking the beginning of Genesis.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2813.

Peter Kidd, 'A Franciscan Bible in the Style of William de Brailles', Electronic British Library Journal (2007), article 8 (2-20, pls 1-4, 6-8, 11-15) http://www.bl.uk/eblj/2007articles/article8.html [accessed 6 August 2008].

Laura Light, ‘The Thirteenth-Century Pandect and the Liturgy: Bibles with Missals’, in Form and Function in the Late Medieval Bible, ed. by Eyal Poleg and Laura Light (Leiden: Brill, 2013), pp. 185-216 (pp. 203-04, 211).


Images
* * *
 
Monk reading

f. 4
Monk reading
Monk reading

f. 4
Monk reading
Decorated initial

f. 101
Decorated initial
 
Pen-flourished initials

f. 227v
Pen-flourished initials
Pen-flourished initials

f. 227v
Pen-flourished initials
Decorated initial

f. 250
Decorated initial
 
Text

f. 250
Text
Historiated initial

f. 423
Historiated initial
Historiated initial

f. 423
Historiated initial
 
Man preaching

f. 423
Man preaching
Decorated initial

f. 442v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 442v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 451v
Decorated initial

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