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Detailed record for Harley 303

Title Patents granted to Anne Boleyn as Marquess of Pembroke
Origin England, S. E. (probably London)
Date between September 1532 and March 1533
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Large historiated initial in colours and gold enclosing the imperial falcon of Anne Boleyn, followed by display script in gold (f. 1). 'Champ' initials in colours and gold (ff. 2, 3, 4, 13, 15v, 17, etc.).
Dimensions in mm 370 x 270 (240 x 165)
Official foliation ff. 35 (+ 4 unfoliated paper and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 1 ruled unfoliated parchment leaf, 2 parchment flyleaves and 4 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance Made for Anne Boleyn (b. c. 1500, d. 1536), queen of England, second consort of Henry VIII, after she was created Marquess of Pembroke on 1 September 1532, but before she became queen in March 1533: her heraldic device of an imperial falcon (f. 1); see Carley 2000 and 2004).
The Old Royal Library: 1542 Westminster inventory no. 99 (f. 1).
Sir Simonds d'Ewes (b.1602, d. 1650), 1st baronet, diarist, antiquary, and friend of Sir Robert Cotton (see Wright 1972).
Sir Simonds D’Ewes (d. 1722), 3rd baronet and grandson of the former: inherited and later sold the D’Ewes library to Robert Harley on 4 October 1705 for £450 (see Watson 1966).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes f. [v] and [38] are former pastedowns.
Original foliation in Roman numerals.
For another manuscript made for Anne Boleyn, see Harley 6561.
The parchment, silk, and gold of the document cost 18 shillings, equivalent to a month's wages for a craftsman: see discussion in Henry VIII 2009.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), I (1808), no. 303.

Andrew G. Watson, The Library of Sir Simonds D'Ewes (London: British Museum, 1966), no. A344.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, pp. xviii-xix.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 75, 131.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by James P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: British Library, 2000), p. 178.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives (London: British Library, 2004), pp. 125-26, pl. 112.

Henry VIII: Man and Monarch, ed. by Susan Doran (London: British Library, 2009), no. 138 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
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Imperial falcon

f. 1
Imperial falcon
Imperial falcon

f. 1
Imperial falcon

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