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Detailed record for Harley 3099

Author Isidore
Title Etymologies; De natura rerum (ff. 154-166), and other short texts
Origin S. Netherlands (Munsterbilsen)
Date 1134
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Full page tree of consanguinity with busts, in brown ink with red (f. 77). Genealogical tree starting with Adam in brown ink, with some red, blue, and yellow (ff. 39-42). Large initial in brown ink with foliage and clasps, with colour washes (ff. 51, 119). Large initial in red and brown with clasps and foliate decoration on yellow grounds (f. 1v). Large initials in brown ink with claps and foliate decoration, some with dragons, or a monkey, one with a blue wash (ff. 34, 42v, 59, 78, 92, 112v). Large initials in red, some with penwork decoration. Diagrams in red and yellow. Unfinished initials with brown foliage (f. 31), or filled in later (f. 101v), or as a pencil sketch only (ff. 106, 136). Diagrams in red, green, yellow, and brown, possibly a later addition (ff. 155v-157). Drawing in pencil of the Crucifixion (f. 119v).
Dimensions in mm 345 x 235 (265 x 175) in two columns
Official foliation f. 168 ( + 5 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Former 'Harleian' covers of brown leather with extensive gold tooling affixed to the inside covers.
Provenance Written by eight Benedictine nuns (Gertrude, Sibilia, Dierwic, Walderat, Hadewic, Lugart, ota, and Cunigunt) in the abbey of Munsterbilsen near Maastricht (Belgium): inscribed 'Hec sunt nomina illarum qui scripserunt librum istum. / Gerdrut. Sibilia. Dierwic. Walderat. Hadewic. / Lugart. Derta (or Ota). Cunigunt. Ipse namque scripserunt mo/nasteriensibus dominis quatinus deum pro eis rogent ut a pe/nis eas liberet & in paradyso collocet. Quisquis eis ab/stulerit anatematizatus sit. 1134' (f. 166). (The date '1134' at the end of the note is a post-medieval addition, but the names of five of the nuns are found at the end of a manuscript dated 1130 and produced in the same abbey. Moreover, four among them are mentioned in the mid-12th-century necrology of the same house (see Thoma 1951; Watson 1979).
The Premonstratensian Abbey of Arnstein in the diocese of Trier: 12th-century inscription 'Liber Sancte Marie Sanctique Nycholay in Arinstein / quem nobis monasterienses restituerunt pro pastorali cura' (f. 1); possibly identifiable with a copy of Isidore's Etymologiae listed among the 'Libri communes' of the abbey in Harley 3045 (f. 48v), datable between 1185 and 1225 (see Priebsch 1979).
A 15th-cent. note on f. 168 'Wir Heinrich von Yoem'.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes f. 168 is a former pastedown.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 3099.

Deutsche Handschriften in England, ed. by Robert Priebsch, 2 vols in 1 vol (Hildesheim: Olms, 1979, first publ. Erlangen: Junge, 1896-1901), II: Das British Museum mit einem anhang über die Guildhall-Bibliothek, no. 24.

M. Kohl, 'Arnsteiner Handschriften im Britischer Museum', Nassovia (1903), 121.

Herbert Thoma, ‘Altdeutsches aus Londer Hss’, Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutscher Sprache und Literatur, 73 (1951), 197-271 (pp. 246-50).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 729.

A. G. Watson, 'An Early Thirteenth-Century Low Countries Booklist', British Library Journal, 7 (1981), p. 44 and n. 39.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz: Ergänzungsband 1, 3 vols (Munich, 1989-90), I (1989), p. 26.

Michel Huglo, 'Remarques sur un manuscrit de la Consolatio Philosophiae (Londres, British Library, Harleian 3095)', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 45 (1991), 288-94 (p. 294 and n. 38).

D. Nebbiai, 'La bibliothèque commune des institutions religieuses', in La conservation des manuscrits et des archives au Moyen Âge. XIe Colloque du Comité internationale de paléographie latine, Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale Albert Ier, 19-21 Oct. 1995, ed. by P. Bourgain and A. Derolez, Scriptorium, 50 (1996), pp. 263-64 (n. 46).

P. R. Robinson, 'A Twelfth-Century Scriptrix from Nunnaminster', in Of the Making of Books: Medieval Manuscripts, their Scribes and Readers: Essays presented to M. B. Parkes, ed. by P. R. Robinson and Rivkah Zim (Aldershot: Scholar Press, 1997), 73-93 (p. 88 n. 74).

Rolf Bergmann and Stefanie Stricker, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, 6 vols (Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2005), II, pp. 887-88 no. 419 [with further bibliography].

Catalogued for the Harley Medical Manuscripts Project [http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/manuscripts/INDEX.asp], accessed 29 May 2008.


Images
* * *
 
Genealogical tree

f. 39
Genealogical tree
Genealogical tree

f. 39v
Genealogical tree
Genealogical tree

f. 40
Genealogical tree
 
Genealogical tree

f. 40v
Genealogical tree
Genealogical tree

f. 42
Genealogical tree
Zoomorphic initial

f. 42v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 51
Decorated initial
Tree of consanguinity

f. 77
Tree of consanguinity
German glosses

f. 133
German glosses
 
Diagrams

f. 157
Diagrams
Colophon

f. 166
Colophon

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