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Detailed record for Harley 3140

Title Medical texts, known as the Articella (see Notes for contents), extensively glossed
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Large historiated initials in colours and gold and silver on rectangular grounds, some with extensions into the margins including a animal heads or bodies, usually of teachers or doctors (ff. 2, 7v, 21, 29, 32v, 39, 68, 110v, 137, 196, 255). Large puzzle initials in red and blue with pen-flourishing in red and blue (ff. 141v, 146v, 153v, 176v, 196v, 206v, 213v, 223, 233, 236v, 243, 255v, 273). Small initials in red with blue penwork decoration and pen-flourishing, or in blue with red penwork decoration and pen-flourishing, some with decoration in both colours extending into the margins. Small initials in red or blue. Paraphs in red or blue. Highlighting of capitals in red.
Dimensions in mm 320 x 215 (185 x 105/110)
Official foliation ff. 278 ( + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation i12+1 (first, i.e. front flyleaf, added), ii-xv12, xvi14, xvii-xix12, xx4, xxi-xxiii4, xxiv6-1 (sixth cancelled), xxv2 (original lower endleaves),
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Former covers of Harley binding of mottled brown leather decorated with blind-rolls possibly attributable to Christopher Chapman pasted onto the inside covers.
Provenance The Benedictine Abbey of Malmesbury: erased inscription 'Liber Domini Abbatis / de Malmesbury': (f. 1) and 14th-century priced purchase note (f. 272v; partly erased) 'Hunc librum e frater Johannes Gryfok monachus malmesbury pro xiij solidi iiij denari Anno domini M. .ccc. lxxi' f. 2).
15th-century marginal annotations.
Occasional short references to an identified printed edition of the Articella added by a later hand (16th-century?) in the margins at the beginning of texts or sections (see ff. 37v, 39, 68, 88v, 96, 107, 110v).
Robert Burscough (b. 1650/51, d.1709), prebendary of Exeter in 1701, archdeacon of Barnstaple in 1703, rector of Cheriton Bishop in 1705; his manuscript no. 52; sold by his widow on 17 May 1715 to Robert Harley, along with other manuscripts.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts: inscribed as usual with the date of acquisition by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '17 Die Maii, 1715.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Contents:
A) Johannitius, Isagoge (ff. 2-7); -
B) Galen, Tegni (ff. 7v-21); -
C) Hippocrates, Aphorisms (ff. 21-29); -
D) Hippocrates, Prognostics (ff. 29-32v); -
E) Theophilus, Urines (ff. 32v-37v); -
F) Philaretus, Pulses (ff. 37v-39); -
G) Hippocrates, De regimine acutorum (ff. 39-43v); -
H) Isaac, Urines (ff. 44-67v); -
I) Isaac, Universal Diets (ff. 68-110v); -
J) Isaac, Particular Diets (ff. 110v-137); -
K) Isaac, Fevers (ff. 137-195v); -
L) Constantine, Viaticum (ff. 196-254v); -
M) Nicholas, Antidotary (ff. 255-272v); -
N) Giles of Corbeil, Urines (ff. 273-274v); -
O) Giles of Corbeil, Pulses (ff. 274v-276v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3140.

Loren MacKinney and Thomas Herndon, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, New Series, 5 (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), no. 86.43.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), p. 24, fig. 6.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1987), p, 48.

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), p. 166.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medicine in Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd ed. (London: British Library, 1998), p. 22, fig. 11.

Cornelius O'Boyle, The Art of Medicine: Medical Teaching at the University of Paris, 1250-1400 (Leiden: Brill, 1998), pp. 48, 116, 176, 210, 217-20, 247, 252-53, 256.

Catalogued for the Harley Medical Manuscripts Project [http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/manuscripts/INDEX.asp], accessed 29 May 2008.


Images
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Teacher

f. 2
Teacher
Teaching

f. 7v
Teaching
Discussion

f. 21
Discussion
 
Doctor

f. 29
Doctor
Doctor

f. 32v
Doctor
Teaching

f. 32v
Teaching
 
Doctor

f. 39
Doctor
Doctor

f. 39
Doctor
Teaching

f. 68
Teaching
 
Teaching

f. 110v
Teaching
Teaching

f. 137
Teaching
Teaching

f. 137
Teaching
 
Teaching

f. 255
Teaching

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