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Detailed record for Harley 3753

Author Justinian
Title Codex Justiniani in 9 books, with gloss
Origin England, Central (possibly Oxford)
Date c. 1250
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Decorated by more than one artist (the historiated initials on ff. 38v-39 are in a different style from the rest).
Decoration 9 column miniatures in colours of enthroned emperors (ff. 4, 6, 57v, 77, 105v, 138v, 175v, 202, 224v). Historiated initial in colours of a dragon 'C'(unctos) (f. 6). Historiated initials in colours of men, women, animals, fish, birds, and hybrid creatures. Painting of a knight with a shield and spear (f. 144v). Large blue initials with red penwork decoration. Smaller initials in red. Rubrics in red. Paraphs in blue.
Dimensions in mm 410 x 260 (variable) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 242 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Unidentified ownership inscription: '1470 die v novembris Franciscus' (f. 4).
Merton College, Oxford: its 15th-century ownership inscription (partially effaced and altered), 'Lib. domus scolarium de Mertone' (f. 1v).
Conrad Peutinger (b. 1465, d. 1547) of Augsburg: inscribed, 'Ex libris Bibliothecae Peutingerorum' and 'CP' (f. 4).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold to Edward Harley on 20 January 1721/22.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘20 die mensis Januarij, A.D. 1721/22’ (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3753.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 147.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 138 n. 7.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 263, 275, 254.

Gero Dolezalek, Verzeichnis der Handschriften zum römischen Recht bis 1600: Materialsammlung, System und Programm für elektronische Datenverarbeitung, 4 vols (Frankfurt: Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, 1972), I (unpaginated: referenced by manuscript number).

Gero Dolezalek, Repertorium manuscriptorum veterum Codicis Iustiniani, 2 vols (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 1985), I, pp. 68, 249-250.

Giuseppe Speciale, 'Libri legales a Padova: Note sul MS. London, British Library, Arundel 433', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova, 31 (1998), 77-90 (p. 77 n. 3 ).


Images
* * *
 
Emperor Justinian

f. 4
Emperor Justinian
Hybrid creatures

f. 9
Hybrid creatures
Text page

f. 20
Text page
 
Cat and mouse

f. 28v
Cat and mouse
Mermaid, bird, and hedgehog

f. 29v
Mermaid, bird, and hedgehog
Hunter with hounds

f. 32v
Hunter with hounds
 
Historiated initial

f. 37v
Historiated initial
Woman reading and man wrestling serpents

f. 38
Woman reading and man wrestling serpents
Man reading

f. 46
Man reading
 
Roman emperor

f. 57v
Roman emperor
Roman emperor

f. 77
Roman emperor
Hybrid creatures

f. 81v
Hybrid creatures
 
Enthroned emperor

f. 105v
Enthroned emperor
Enthroned emperor

f. 202
Enthroned emperor

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