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Detailed record for Harley 3826

Author Alcuin (ff.1-24v); Bede (ff. 24v-71); Abbo of St-Germain (ff. 71v-84); Martianus Capella (f. 87-149); anonymous
Title Alcuin, De orthographia (ff.1-24v); Bede, De orthographia (ff. 24v-71); Bella Parisiacae urbis, book 3 (Ad clericos) (ff. 71v-84); unidentified smaller text with glossary material (ff. 84-86v); De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii, book 4 (De arte dialectica) (f. 87-149); Glossaries to Greek and Latin grammar texts, including lists of grammatical and metrical terms and glosses to Juvenal (ff. 150-167v).
Origin England, S. (Abingdon?)
Date last quarter of the 10th century or first quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Some initials in red, occasionally with some penwork decoration. One initial in green. Red highlights (ff. 24v-25, 71v, 86v-87, 150). Spaces left blank for initials (ff. 94v-149). Paraphs in red (f. 87).
Dimensions in mm 125 x 90 (90 x 65)
Official foliation ff. 168 (+ 5 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end); f. 168 is a medieval parchment flyleaf.
Collation i-viii8 (the 3rd and 6th leaves are singletons; ff. 1-64v), ix6 (the 2nd and 5th leaves are singletons; ff. 65-70v), x8 (the 3rd and 6th leaves are singletons; ff. 71-78v), xi8 (79-86v), xii7 (the first leaf is a singleton; ff. 87-93v), xiii-xiv8 (the 3rd and 6th leaves are singletons; ff. 94-109v), xv8 (ff. 110-117v), xvi-xix8 (the 3rd and 6th leaves are singletons; ff. 118-149v), xx10 (the 3rd and 7th leaves are singletons; ff. 150-159v), xxi4 (ff. 160-163v), xxii5 (the 2nd leaf is a singleton; ff. 164-168v).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Anthony Turpyn (d. 1624) of Ottery St. Mary, Devon (?) (see Wright 1972, p. 332): inscribed, 18th century: 'Anth: Turpyne' (f. 167v).
Lord William Howard (b. 1563, d. 1640), antiquary and landowner, of Naworth Castle, Cumberland, the younger son of Thomas Howard (b. 1538, d. 1572), 4th duke of Norfolk: owned this manuscript by 1590 (see Wright 1972, p. 198).
John Warburton (b. 1682, d. 1759), of Bury, county Lancashire, antiquary and herald, Somerset Herald in 1720: inscribed with his name (f. 168v); added 'Bede: / Albinus Anglus.' Both inscriptions upside-down.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley 'Bought of Mr. Warburton' (f. [iv] verso).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Ruled in hard-point.
Glosses to Bede and Abbo.
A variety of small marginal marks between ff. 1-71v; corrections and erasures between ff. 150-159. Folio 93v is blank.
Marked change in parchment quality in quires xx-xxii.
Two Latin-Old English glosses on f. 166.
Bishop proposes that the scribe of Harley 3826 reappears in Lincoln, Cathedral Library MS. 182.
Unidentified text (ff. 84-86v) begins, "Sculpturam possum in lapidib[us] & mmarmore accipe."
Glosses to Juvenal, Satires V-VIII on ff. 161-164v (see Lendinara).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), p. 84.

E. Dümmler, 'Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der lateinischen Dichtungen aus der Zeit der Karolinger.' Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft für Ältere Deutsche Geschichtskunde 4 (1878-79), p. 557.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 58).

M.L.W. Laistner, A Hand-list of Bede Manuscripts (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1943), p. 137.

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 241.

C. Leonardo, 'I codici de Marziano Capella.' Aevum 34 (1960), pp. 1-99 (p. 78-79).

T.A.M. Bishop, English Caroline Miniscule, Oxford Paeleographical Handbooks (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971), p. 13.

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 198-99, 333, 347, 383.

Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L. D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), p. xxxii n.

Helmut Gneuss, 'A Grammarian's Greek-Latin Glossary in Anglo-Saxon England' From Anglo-Saxon to Early Middle English: Studies Presented to E. G. Stanley, ed. by Malcolm Godden, Douglas Gray, and Terry Hoad (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994), pp. 60-86 (with an edition of the glossary on ff. 150-152v, pp. 74-78)

Patrizia Lendinara, 'Glossarial Activity in the Anglo-Saxon Period (with an edition of the glossary to Juvenal, Satires IV-VIII in London, B. L. Harley 3826)', in Anglo-Saxon Glosses and Glossaries, Variorum Collected Studies Series, 662 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999), pp. 289-328.

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Studies 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissancce Studies, 2001), no. 438.

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f. 71v
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