You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips
 
 

 

 
 

Detailed record for Royal 1 E V

Part 1 ff. 1-311 
Title Gospels of Luke and John in the Vulgate and Erasmian (Novum Instrumentum) versions
Origin England, S. E (London)
Date 7 September 1509, and after c. 1519
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe Pieter Meghen
Artists School of Simon Bening or a follower of Horenbout working in England?
Decoration 2 full-page miniatures in colours and gold of Luke and John (ff. 3, 171), with trompe l'oeil borders. Space left for initials at the beginning of prologues (ff. 1v, 170). Initials in gold on red grounds, at the beginning of chapters. Red or blue initials throughout the text, running titles in red. The name of 'Iesus' in the Vulgate text in gold and in the Erasmian version in red, the words of Christ in red in the Vulgate version.
Dimensions in mm 455 x 300 (310 x 190), in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 1-358 
Title Pauline and Catholic Epistles in the Vulgate and Erasmian (Novum Instrumentum) versions
Origin England, S. E (London)
Date 1 November 1506 and after 1519
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe Pieter Meghen
Artists Follower of the Master of the Prayer Books
Decoration 1 full-page miniature in colours and gold of Paul, with trompe l'oeil border, at the beginning of the Pauline Epistles (f. 5). Foliate initials in colours, some with gold and trompe l'oeil decoration, at the beginning of the Epistles. Space left for initials at the beginning of prologues. Initials in red throughout the text, running titles in red.
Dimensions in mm 450 x 305 (315 x 210), in two columns
 
Official foliation vol. 1: ff. 311 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end; 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the end), vol. 2: ff. 358 (+ 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 1at the end; 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Copied by Pieter Meghen of 's-Hertogenbosch of the diocese of Liège (b. c.1466/1467, d. 1540) for John Colet (b. c.1456, d.1519), dean of St Paul Cathedral, London, and friend of Erasmus, as a memorial of his father Henry Colet (d. 1505): colophon 'Summe et Individue trinitiati... Quorum adiutorio opus hoc duorum / Euangeliorum Luce videlicet et Ioannis conscriptu[m] est. / Iussu et impensis Reverendi domini et Venerabilis / viri D. Ioannis Colett: Eccl[e]sie Cathedrali divi Pau/li Londini Decani, sacre quoque Theologie professoris:/ pie moemorie egregii viri henrici Colett Militis / opulentissime Civitatis Londini quondam Se/natoris, eiusdemque bis Consulis, filii. Arte vero / ac industria Petri Meghen monoculi, theotonis / natione Brabantini, oppidi / Buschiducen[sis] ['s Hertogenbosch] Leodien[sis] Dioc[esis] / Septimo die mensis Septemb[ris] / Anno dominice incarnationis / Millesimo Quingentesimo Nono / Regni vero Illustrissimi Re/gis Henrici octavi anno primo' (vol 1, ff. 310v-311); with his initials 'P M' (f. 311); a similar colophon in vol. 2 (1506), '...Anno dominice Incarnationis Mill[e]simo Quingentesimo / Sexto kl Nouembris: Regni vero / Invictissimi Principis ac Serenissimi Re/gis Anglie Henrici Septimi vigesimo s[e]c[un]do. / ...'(vol. II, f. 358v).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes The wider column contains the Vulgate and the other the translation of Desiderius Erasmus (b. c.1466, d. 1536) known as the Novum Instrumentum, first published in 1516 and perhaps copied by Meghen from the printed edition after 1519 (the manuscript version is closer to the 2nd and 3rd editions of 1519 and of 1522, see Brown 1984, pp. 352, 369), probably after the death of John Colet, the manuscript's patron.
This volume is the first of a three or four-volume set. The second volume, containing the Pauline Epistles is 1 E V, vol. 2, and the third volume, containing the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, is Cambridge, Cambridge University Library, MS Dd.vii.3. According to Brown, the fourth volume might be Hatfield House, Cecil Papers Ms. 324, containing Acts and Revelation, and commissioned to complete the set as a present for Henry VIII (Brown 1984, p. 670).
Catchwords, bifolium signatures (letters and numbers at the bottom right of each left column of the first four leaves in a quire).
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, pp. 19-20.

J.K. McConica, English Humanists and Reformation Politics Under Henry VIII and Edward VI (Oxford: Clarendon, 1965), p. 69.

Erasmus en zijn Tijd (Rotterdam: Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, 1969), no. 6 [exhibition catalogue].

J. B. Trapp, 'Notes on Manuscripts written by Pieter Meghen', The Book Collector 24 (1975), 80-96 (no. 6).

J.B. Trapp, 'John Colet, his Manuscripts and Ps-Dionysius', in Classical Influences on European Culture, A.D. 500-1500: Proceedings of an International Conference Held at King’s College, Cambridge, April 1969, ed. by R.R. Bolgar (London: Cambridge University Press, 1976), pp. 205-21 (pp. 208-09, 210).

Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library, ed. by A. G Watson (London: The British Library, 1979), no. 858.

J. B. Trapp, 'Pieter Meghen (1455/7-1540), Scribe and Courier', Erasmus in English, 2 (1981-1982), pp. 28-36 (p. 30, fig.5).

H. Gibaud, Un inédit d'Érasme: la première version du Nouveau Testament copiée par Pierre Meghen 1506-1509 (Angers: Henri Gibaud, 1982), p. .

Andrew J. Brown, 'The date of Erasmus' Latin Translation of the New Testament', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 8 (1984), 351-380 (pp. 351-54, 356-57, 360, 365-70, fig. 2).

J. B. Trapp, Erasmus, Colet and More: The Early Tudor Humanists and their Books, The Panizzi lectures 1990 (London: British Library, 1991), pp. 81, 86 fig. 32.

Margaret T. Gibson, The Bible in the Latin West, vol. 1 'The Medieval Book' (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993), no. 26.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), p. li

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 112.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 436.

J. B. Trapp, ‘Colet, John (1467-1519)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/5898, accessed 1 Sept 2006].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 155, fig. 141.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 112 [exhibition catalogue].


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-311
Gospels of Luke and John in the Vulgate and Erasmian (Novum Instrumentum) versions
* * *
 
Flowers

f. 3
Flowers
Drum-beating ape

f. 3
Drum-beating ape
Luke painting the Virgin

f. 3
Luke painting the Virgin
 
Luke painting the Virgin

f. 3
Luke painting the Virgin
Text page

f. 3v
Text page
Text page

f. 4
Text page
 
Butterfly

f. 5
Butterfly
Peacock

f. 5
Peacock
Text page

f. 5v
Text page
 
Parody of tournament

f. 171
Parody of tournament
John

f. 171
John
John

f. 171
John
 
Text pages

ff. 219v-220
Text pages
Text page

ff. 244v-245
Text page
Text page

ff. 250v-251
Text page
 
Text page

ff. 259v-260
Text page

Part  2   ff. 1-358
Pauline and Catholic Epistles in the Vulgate and Erasmian (Novum Instrumentum) versions
* * *
 
Paul

f. 5
Paul
Paul

f. 5
Paul

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back