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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Royal 11 C III

Author Justinian
Title Digestum Vetus, with pre-Accursian glosses
Origin England
Date Last quarter of the 12th century, or 1st quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Prothogothic
Decoration 1 large foliate initial in colours, with display script, at the beginning of book 1 (f. 2). Initials in blue, red, and green with a foliate penwork decoration and display script, at the beginning of other books (ff. 12, 24v, 35, 52v, 66v, 72, 83, 91v, 100v, 109v, 116, 128v, 137v, 145, 154, 161v, 175, 186v, 199v, 208, 220v, 228, 240v). Initials in red, green or blue. Marginal drawings of animals, human figures, and monsters, in brown and red ink (ff. 18v, 70v, 107v, 109v, 112v, 113v, 115v, 116, 121, 123v).
Dimensions in mm 355 x 240 (240 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 250 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end; ff. 1, 248-250 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather.
Provenance Added mixed apparatus ad Digestum of Hugolinus-Azo, and Azo, Proemium Degesti Veteris (f. 2v), 1st half of the 13th century.
Added draft of a concord between the executors of 'Roger de Hyda miles' and Richard, Rogers's son, 13th century (f.1).
William of Newenham: partially erased inscription 'Willelmus atte Newenham' (f. 249).
The Benedictine abbey of St. Mary, Reading: inscribed 'Istu[m] libru[m] oxon[ie] fecit Ricardus de Redyngi[e] ligari que[m] qui alienaverit / a monasterio Redyngie fu[n]dato i[n] honore[m] gloriose virginis Marie et / beato[rum] ap[osto]lo[rum] petri et pauli Iohannis atque Iacobi vel in eo fraude[m] / fec[er]it anathema sit', 14th century (f. 1v).
William de Winton: inscribed 'Will. De Wynton est bon[us] homo', 14th century (f. 248v). William of Appleford: inscribed 'Will. Appulford e[st] bon[us] puer', 14th century (f. 249).
Added list of contents referred to running titles, 14th-century English hand (f. 250v).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 9v; and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James’s Palace (see [Edward Bernard], Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), no. 8425, 8426, or 8427).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Written by many hands, with sparse glosses, and 'red signs' providing a reference system between passages, and used in legal manuscripts during the period of 1150-1190 (see G. Dolezalek and R. Weigand, 'Das Geheimnis der roten Zeichen Ein Beitrag zur Paläographie juristischer Handschriften des zwölften Jahrhunderts', Zeitschrift der Savignystiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Kanonistische Abteilung, 69 (1983), 143-99).
Catchwords and quire signatures; correction signs (e.g., f. 239v).
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 352.

Herman Kantorowicz, Studies in the Glossators of the Roman Law: Newly Discovered Writings of the Twelfth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1938), pp. 39, n. 12, 52, n. 7, 106, n. 33.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 156.

Gero Dolezalek, Verzeichnis der Handschriften zum ro¨mischen Recht bis 1600: Materialsammlung, System und Programm fu¨r elektronische Datenverarbeitung, 4 vols (Frankfurt am Main, 1972), I [without page numbers].

Alan Coates, English Medieval Books: The Reading Abbey Collections from Foundation to Dispersal (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999), pp. 101, 117, 159.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), p. xxxvi, n. 48.
Last revised: 22 September 2009


Images
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Inscription

f. 1v
Inscription
Decorated initial

f. 2
Decorated initial
Text page

f. 5
Text page
 
Decorated initial

f. 91v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 145
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 161v
Decorated initial
 

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