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Detailed record for Royal 12 E XXV

Author Stephen Tempier; Robertus Kilwardby; Thomas Aquinas, Augustine, Gerard of Cremona , Robert Grosseteste and others
Title Proposiciones; Errores in grammatica, letter to the Archbishop of Corinth; philosophical, scientific and mathematical treatises.
Origin England
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century or 1st quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive (Anglicana)
Decoration Initials in blue or red with pen-flourishing in the other colour at the beginning of each text or major division. Paraphs in blue (ff. 32v-95, 144-145) and red or blue (ff. 108v-114). Rubrics in red (ff. 32-59). Ink drawings of dragons (ff. 16, 96, 97, 97v, 98,114v), human heads (ff. 23, 94, 98, 127), hybrid creatures (ff. 27, 68, 94, 95, 96, 103v). Maniculae, one with the body of a dragon (f. 23). Mathematical tables with outlines in red (ff. 146v-150, 166-167). Mathematical and magical diagrams (ff. 152-154, 164-165v, 177-179).
Dimensions in mm 185 x 130 (145 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 184 (ff. 1 and 184 are medieval parchment flyleaves + 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757.
Provenance Merton College, Oxford: in the catalogue of c. 1360 (see Powicke 1931)
Richard of Camsale, fellow of Balliol then Merton and acting chancellor in 1325: inscribed 'Liber scolarium...in Oxonia...legatu magistri Ricardi de D?..' (f. 2, erased) (see Warner and Gilson 1921 and Powicke 1931).
Tattershall College, Lincolnshire: inscribed 'Collegium de Tateshall' (f. 3v) and included in the list of manuscripts from Lincolnshire houses entitled 'de historiis antiquitatum ac divinitate tractancium', perhaps composed by John Longland, bishop of Lincoln and confessor of Henry VIII, Royal Appendix 69, f. 5v (see Carley 2000).
Richard Philyp, perhaps of Plaistow, whose gift in fee simple is listed in the Surrey records of 1476: inscribed with his name in a 15th-century hand (f. 1)
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 730 '; included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542 (f. 33), in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, (f. 20v) and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James’s Palace (see Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697'), nos. 8536, 7808.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the condemned propositions of Tempier, Bishop of Paris (1270) and Robertus Kilwardby, Archbishop of Canterbury (1270-1277) (f. 2).
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 59-61.

F. M. Powicke, The Medieval Books of Merton College (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931), pp. 55, 114, T.205.

Lynn Thorndike, 'Traditional Medieval Tracts concerning engraved Astrological Images' in Mélanges Auguste Pelzer (Louvain: Bibliothèque de l'Université, 1947), pp. 217-73 (p. 224).

C. H. Talbot, ‘A List of Cistercian Manuscripts in Great Britain’, Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 8 (1952), 402-18 (p. 406).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp.147, 187.

G. L. Bursill-Hall, A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts, Grammatica Speculativa: Sprachtheorie und Logik des Mittelalters, 4 (Stuttgart: Frommann-Holzboog, 1981), p. 120, no.167.

Hilary M. Carey, Courting Disaster: Astrology at the English Court and University in the Later Middle Ages (New York: Macmillan, 1992), pp. 27, 64, 170, 182, 232.

Charles Burnett, The Introduction of Arabic Learning into England, The Panizzi Lectures, 1996 (London: British Library, 1997), p. 58, n. 149.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.832, p. xxxiv, n. 42.

Sophie Page, Magic in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), p. 27-28, pl. 28.


Images
* * *
 
Pointing hand and head

f. 23
Pointing hand and head
Hybrid

f. 63
Hybrid
Marginal drawings

f. 94
Marginal drawings
 
Dragon and heads of a woman and a man

f. 98
Dragon and heads of a woman and a man
Dragon

f. 114v
Dragon
Geometrical drawings

f. 153v
Geometrical drawings
 
Numerical divination

f. 164
Numerical divination
Diagram

f. 177v
Diagram

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