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Detailed record for Royal 13 D V

Author Geoffrey of Monmouth, Ralph of Coggeshall, William of Malmesbury, Aelred of Rievaulx
Title Historia regum Britanniae, Historia Britonum, Visio Thurkilli, Gesta regum Anglorum and Historia Novella, De genealogia regum Anglorum, Gesta pontificum Anglorum
Origin England, S. (St Albans)
Date 1st quarter of the 13th century, after 1206
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written above top line
Decoration Large initials in red or blue with red and blue pen-flourishing, at the beginning of texts (ff. 1, 38, 51, 142, 152). Smaller initials in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Occasional marginal drawings in light brown ink of a man with a star (f. 12), a cross (f. 14), crowns in reversed and up-right position, some annotated with the names of kings (ff. 16, 78), bishop's mitres (ff. 18v, 35), a star (f. 24v), bells (f. 142v), and 1 marginal drawing in blue ink of a church (f. 63v).
Dimensions in mm 380 x 275 (270 x 170), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 1* + 200 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the end; f. 18 is a medieval parchment flyleaf; 1 blank parchment leaf after f. 152)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Albans: inscribed 'Hic eat liber s[an]c[t]i Albani de libraria convent[us]', 13th century (ff. 1, 45), with added table of contents, 13th century (f. 1*); some of the rubrics added by Matthew Paris (b. c.1200, d. 1259), historian and Benedictine monk at St Albans (ff. 28-44, 63v-65, and f. 105); St Albans shelfmark 'de aimariolo B p[r]im[us] lib[er] / in p[r]imo g[ra]du', 14th century (f. 1*v); a note stating that the book was lost and returned to the abbey by diligence of John de Whethamstede, abbot of St Albans (1420-1440 and 1452-1464], inscribed 'Hic est liber qui p[er] quoru[n]dam negligencia[m] / fuerat deperditus. Sed p[er] industria[m] venera/bilis nostri in Xp[ist]o patris et d[omi]ni d[omi]ni Ioh[ann]is / abbatis sexti huic monasterio erat restitut[us] / et assignatus librarie conventus' (f. 37v ).
Added drawing of a Gothic architectural structure, 14th century (f. 200*).
Polydore Vergil [Polidoro Virgili] (b. c.1470, d.1555), Italian humanist historian, seen and annotated by him at St Albans (e.g. ff. 39-40, 43v, 44v, 51-53, etc).
Thomas Wolsey (b. 1470/71, d. 1530), royal minister, archbishop of York, and cardinal, abbot of St Albans since 1521: 'TC' monogram (f. 1), perhaps for Thomas Cardinalis.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 1138' (f. 1), included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster; and in the select list of works noted by John Bale of c. 1548.
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 1); not included in the 1609 catalogue of his collection; passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library: in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 8, and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James’s Palace (see Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697'), nos 8320, 8319, 8311, 8321).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contents: Geoffrey of Monmouth, Historia regum Britanniae (ff. 1-37v);
Historia Britonum (ff. 38-45);
Visio Thurkilli, attributed to Ralph of Coggeshall, abbot of Coggeshall, Essex (1208-1218), a description of a vision seen in 1206 at Stisted in Essex (ff. 45-50);
William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum, with the Historia Novella added as the sixth book (ff. 51-142);
Aelred of Rievaulx, De genealogia regum Anglorum, with 14 lines of elegiac verse, entitled 'Visio cuiusdam sic alloquentis regem Malcolmum' (ff. 142-151v);
Notes on the shires and dioceses of England, the genealogy of the counts of Flanders to Robert II (1093-1111), and the kings of
France, to Louis VI (1108-1137) (f. 152);
William of Malmesbury, Gesta pontificum Anglorum (ff. 153-200v);
Catchwords, quire signatures, and guide letters.
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I (1893), p. 229; II (1893), p. 506.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 110.

C. H. Talbot, ‘A List of Cistercian Manuscripts in Great Britain’, Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 8 (1952), 402-18 (p. 415).

Denys Hay, Polydore Vergil: Renaissance Historian and Man of Letters (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952), p. 86.

Richard Vaughan, 'The Handwriting of Matthew Paris', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 5 (1953) 376-94 (pp. 377, 381, 382, 391, pl. XVIIIe).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp. 167, 302.

Visio Thurkilli, Relatore, ut videtur, Radulpho de Coggeshall, ed. by Paul Gerhard Schmidt, (Leipzig: Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR Zentralinstitut für alte Geschichte und Archäologie, 1978) [edition of the text based on Royal 13 D V, ff. 45-50].

Rodney M. Thomson, Manuscripts from St Albans Abbey 1066-1235, 2 vols (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1982), I, no. 35, pp. 98-99.

The Historia Regum Britannie of Geoffrey of Monmouth, 3, ed. by Julia Crick (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1989), III: A Summary Catalogue of the Manuscripts, pp. 184-86.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000) H2.1138, H4.38, H4.44, pp. xxxiii, lxxix.

Henry VIII: Man and Monarch, ed. by Susan Doran (London: British Library, 2009), no. 130 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Pen-flourished initials

f. 1
Pen-flourished initials
Cross

f. 14
Cross
Cross

f. 14
Cross
 
Mitres

f. 18v
Mitres
Mitres

f. 18v
Mitres
Church

f. 63v
Church
 
Church

f. 63v
Church
Crown

f. 78
Crown
Crown

f. 78
Crown
 

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