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Detailed record for Royal 17 E II

Author Raoul Lefèvre
Title Le recoeil des histoires de Troyes (Le livre nomme Hercules)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1475- c. 1483
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Master of the White Inscriptions (according to Brinkmann)
Decoration 3 large miniatures in colours and gold, with full borders and initials in gold on blue and red grounds with penwork decoration in gold (ff. 8, 148, 250). 62 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with partial borders (ff. 19v, 32, 41v, 53, 59, 65v, 74, 79, 83v, 87, 96, 107v, 114, 123, 136, 142v, 151, 153v, 157, 159v, 163v, 167, 169v, 171v, 173v, 175v, 178v, 180, 181, 183v, 187v, 190v, 195v, 202, 205, 212v, 219, 225v, 229, 233, 236v, 240, 245, 260v, 266, 273v, 278v, 285, 299v, 306, 315v, 326, 332v, 339v, 347, 349, 352, 361, 364, 367v, 369v, 372v). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue and rose with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 400 x 280 (240 x 165)
Official foliation ff. 375 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf attached to a modern paper flyleaf and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; 1 blank modern paper leaf after f. 7)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with gilt edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: the royal arms of England (ff. 8, 147, 250).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 46.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes 'Le recoeil des histoires de Troyes' of Raoul Lefèvre, chaplain of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy, composed in 1464; preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-7v).
Catchwords written vertically. Foliation in red beginning on f. 8.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 7).

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, 64.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 258.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: The Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, p. 201.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987), pp. 23-41 (pp. 25, 27, 40, pl. 6).

Bodo Brinkmann, Die fla¨mische Buchmalerei am Ende des Burgunderreichs: der Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und die Miniaturisten seiner Zeit (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), p. 115, fig. 35.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), p. 222.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.44.

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques De Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-64 (p. 1652).

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 289.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 50 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Tower of Babel

f. 8
Tower of Babel
Tower of Babel

f. 8
Tower of Babel
Text page

f. 147v
Text page
 
Hercules and the Nemean Lion

f. 148
Hercules and the Nemean Lion
Hercules and the Nemean Lion

f. 148
Hercules and the Nemean Lion
Rape of Prosperina

f. 159v
Rape of Prosperina
 
Battle of Theseus and Pirithous against Cerborus

f. 163v
Battle of Theseus and Pirithous against Cerborus
Hercules and Theseus fighting with Scythian princesses

f. 181
Hercules and Theseus fighting with Scythian princesses
Hercules and Theseus fighting with Scythian princesses

f. 181
Hercules and Theseus fighting with Scythian princesses
 
Building of Troy

f. 250
Building of Troy
Building of Troy

f. 250
Building of Troy
Battle

f. 326
Battle
 
Arrival of the Amazons

f. 349
Arrival of the Amazons
Arrival of the Amazons

f. 349
Arrival of the Amazons
Death of Ponthesilea

f. 352
Death of Ponthesilea
 
Ulysses' dream

f. 372v
Ulysses' dream

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