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Detailed record for Royal 2 A XIX

Title Proper of the Mass for the Immaculate Conception
Origin England, S. (London)
Date c. 1503 - c. 1509
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 miniature of the Conception and of Henry VII kneeling in colours and gold, with a trompe l'oeil border, and 1 large initial with the royal arms in colours and gold, at the beginning of the Mass of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin (f. 2). 'Champ' initials in gold on rose and blue grounds with penwork decoration in white, and smaller initials in gold on blue or red grounds.
Dimensions in mm 215 x 145 (120 x 90)
Official foliation ff. 10 (+ 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library parchment binding.
Provenance Henry VII (b. 1457, d.1509), king of England and lord of Ireland (1485-1509): his arms and portrait (f. 1), his name mentioned in 3 prayers, '...ut rex noster Henricus sep/timus...' (f. 2v), '...et famulo tuo Hen/rico septimo Regi nostro...' (f. 8), and '...famu/lum tuum Henricum septimum Regem / nostrum...' (f. 10); perhaps commissioned for him by the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception in London (founded in 1503): another manuscript suggesting Henry VII's connection with this confraternity is Oxford, Christ Church Ms. 179, containing a petition to the king requesting permission to establish a confraternity for French residents in London and its proposed statutes, i.e., the Ordinance of the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception, with a portrait of Henry VII, his wife, Elizabeth of York and their children praying before the image of Anna and Joachim at the Golden Gate (see J. J. G. Alexander and E. Temple, Illuminated Manuscripts in Oxford College Libraries, the University Archives and the Taylor Institution (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985) no. 823, pl. LVI).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes special prayers for the king Henry VII, 'Pro domino Rege H oracio' (f. 3), 'Pro domino Rege Henrico Secretum' (f. 8r) and 'Pro domino Rege H. postcommunio' (f. 10).
According to Scott 2007, another manuscript illuminated by the same artist is Cambridge, University Library, MS Nn.6.46, containing a portrait of Henry VII (f. 2).
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 33.

Janet Backhouse, 'Illuminated Manuscripts Associated with Henry VII and Members of his Immediate Family', in The Reign of Henry VII: Proceedings of the 1993 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Benjamin Thompson (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1995), pp. 175-87 (p. 183, pl. 52).

Virginia K. Henderson, 'Retrieving the 'Crown in the Hawthorn Bush': The Origins of the Badges of Henry VII', in Traditions and Transformations in Late Medieval England, ed. by Douglas Biggs, Sharon D. Michalove and A. Compton Reeves (Leiden: Brill, 2002), pp. 237-59 (p. 249).

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. viii.

Kathleen L. Scott, 'Manuscripts for Henry VII, his Household and Family', in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 279-86 (p. 282).

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 40.
Last revised: 09 May 2011


Images
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Immaculate Conception and Henry VII

f. 2
Immaculate Conception and Henry VII
Immaculate Conception and Henry VII

f. 2
Immaculate Conception and Henry VII
Text page

f. 2v
Text page
 

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