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Detailed record for Royal 20 D X

Title Collection of treaties
Origin England
Date Last quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 3 historiated initials in colours, gold and silver, with foliate extensions (ff. 1, 28, 33). Initials in colours and gold with the royal arms of England of Edward III (ff. 5v-31). Initials in blue with red pen-flourishing, bearing the royal arms or France of John II (ff. 33-51). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white and foliate extensions. Marginal images of shields bearing the arms of France, England, and Scotland (ff. 33, 58). Paraphs in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 365 x 235 (275 x 165)
Official foliation ff. 61 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf attached to a modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library parchment binding.
Provenance The Old Royal Library (the English Royal library): to be identified with the 'Livre des traictez entre les roys Jehan de France, Le roy David dEcosse et le roy Edouard le tiers' in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542, no. 138.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contains copies of treaties:
1. 33 documents relating to the Peace of Brétigny entitled 'De pace Francie et Anglie', all bearing the same date, Calais 24 October 1360, except 'De prorogacione termini de aliis terris tradentis', dated 28 October 1360 (ff. 1-25v);
2. 2 documents relating to Edward III's consent to a commission for settling the disputes about Belleville, etc. (ff. 26-27);
3. A form of commission for disputes about Ponthieu (ff. 27r-v);
4. 6 documents relating to Edward, Prince of Wales's (the Black Prince) principality of Aquitaine, with dates of 1362 and 1365 (ff. 28-31v);
5. 30 documents relating to the Peace of Brétigny in the name of John the Good, king of France, all bearing the date 24 October 1360, with the ratification by king John of the treaty in London in 1362, followed by the oath of the four dukes, Louis d'Anjou, Philip of Orleans, Jean of Berry, and Louis de Bourbon (ff. 33-53);
6. 7 document relating to the transfer of rights in Gascony by Alfonso X of Castile to Henry III, and its further ratifications (ff. 53-57v);
7. Documents relating to the treaty of Berwick of 3 October 1357 (ff. 58-61).
The contents, layout, and iconography of the manuscript are close to Cotton Nero D VI which was probably compiled for Thomas Mowbray (b. 1366, d. 1399), earl Marshal, and which also contains a series of documents concerning the reign of Richard II. Similar selection of documents is also included in Add. 32097, Cotton Vitellius C IV, and Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. lat. 6049.
Catchwords and quire signatures
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 12).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 381-82.

The Libraries of the Cistercians, Gilbertines, and Premonstratensians, ed. by David N. Bell, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 3 (London: British Library, 1992), p. 252.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.118.
Last revised: 05 May 2011


Images
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Edward III and the Black Prince

f. 28
Edward III and the Black Prince
Edward III and the Black Prince

f. 28
Edward III and the Black Prince
John II of France

f. 33
John II of France
 
John II of France

f. 33
John II of France

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