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Detailed record for Royal 4 E IX

Author Peter Lombard
Title Gloss on the Pauline Epistles
Origin France, Central or N. (Paris?)
Date Last quarter of the 12th century, or 1st quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written above top line
Decoration 14 historiated initials of Paul, in colours and gold, at the beginning of each Epistle, and smaller foliate initials, some with dragons or lions, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the commentary to each Epistle (ff. 1v, 51v, 84v, 102v, 117, 129v, 138v, 146, 152, 155v, 164v, 170, 172v). 1 foliate initial with white lions in colours and gold, at the beginning of the prologue (f. 1), and 1 initial with dragons in colours and gold, at the beginning of Hebrews (f. 174). Initials in blue, with pen-flourishing in red, and in red with pen-flourishing in blue.
Dimensions in mm 445 x 290 (280 x 175) in two, three or four columns
Official foliation ff. 202 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex.
Binding BM/BL in house.
Provenance Added chapter numbers, 14th-century English hand.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes According to Avril 1975, another work of the same illuminator is Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, lat. 7936 (second artist).
The same artist probably illuminated a Bible, Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, MS theol. Lat. Fol. 9 (see cat. no 105 in Royal Manuscripts 2011).
Lemmas underlined in red.
Catchwords and quire signatures, with a separate numeration beginning at the end of quire 16 containing Ephesians (ff. 117- 124v).
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 93.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 287, pl. 93c.

Francois Avril, 'Un manuscrit d'auteurs classiques et ses illustrations' in The Year 1200: A Symposium (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975), pp. 261-82 (pp. 268-9, n. 10, fig. 31).

C. F. R. De Hamel, Glossed Books of the Bible and the Origins of the Paris Booktrade (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1984), p. 35.

Michelle Brown, A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600 (London: British Library, 1990), pl. 32.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), p. xxxvi.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 100, fig. 87.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 105 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 05 May 2011


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Paul

f. 1v
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Paul

f. 1v
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Paul

f. 51v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 51v
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Paul

f. 84v
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Paul

f. 84v
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Paul

f. 84v
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Text page

f. 85
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Paul

f. 102v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 102v
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Paul

f. 164v
Paul
Paul

f. 164v
Paul
 

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