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Detailed record for Egerton 2849

 
Title Mortuary roll of Lucy, foundress and first prioress of the Benedictine nunnery of Castle Hedingham, with tituli (responsive prayers) 1-6
 
Part II, Tituli 7-121 
Title Mortuary roll of Lucy, foundress and first prioress of the Benedictine nunnery of Castle Hedingham, tituli (responsive prayers)
 
Origin England, S. E. (Essex?)
Date c. 1225 - c. 1230
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 3 framed drawings in brown ink with washes in red and green, of the Crucifixion, and the Virgin and Child, a soul ascending, and the death of an abbess 'Lucia', the upper and lower scenes on yellow ground, at the beginning of the roll. 2 large initials in brown ink decorated with foliate forms, and red and green. Letters in red and green.
Dimensions in mm 585 (length) x 200 (width)
Official foliation N/A
Form Parchment codex
Binding N/A
Provenance The Benedictine nunnery of Castle Hedingham, Essex: mortuary roll for the foundress and first prioress, Lucy de Vere: inscription on image 'abba lucia'; beginning of text 'Agnes ecclesiae sancte crucis et sancte marie de henigeham'; caption at the beginning of the text.
The roll was sent to 122 religious houses in the southern half of England, each writing an answer to a request for prayers made by Agnes, Prioress of Hedingham, for the soul of her predecessor Lucy. The respondants include the Cambridge Franciscans, established there in 1126. It is the second oldest surviving English obituary roll (see Benedictines in Britain).
The de Vere family, earls of Oxford, in the 17th century: note by Thomas Astle (b. 1735, d. 1803), archivist and collector of books and manuscripts, who also states that he included it in his Origin and Progress of Writing, p. 211 (attached to the manuscript as the second parchment sheet, signed 'Tho Astle'.).
Bought by the British Museum in 1903, using the Bridgewater fund (12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Part II is stored separately.
This is the fifth oldest English obituary roll, though the others are fragmentary, preceded by those of Turgot of Durham (d. 1115) in Harley 491, Reginald of Bath (d. 1190) in a Cambridge University manuscript, Abbot Ralph of Thorney (d. 1216) in Royal 15 A. X*, and Prioress Amphelisa of Lillechurch (c. 1220) in a manuscript at St John's, Cambridge.
It appears to be the earliest with illumination of this kind.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1900-1905 (London: British Museum, 1907), p. 390.

E. P. Goldschmidt, 'An Obituary Rotulus from York, 1405', in Studies in Art and Literature for Belle da Costa Greene, ed. by Dorothy Miner (Princeton: University Press, 1954), pp. 379-83 (p. 382).

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 169.

Meyer Schapiro, 'An Illuminated English Psalter of the Early Thirteenth Century', in Late Antique, Early Christian and Mediaeval Art: Selected Papers (New York: George Braziller, 1979, first publ. 1960), 329-54 (p. 351).

W. H. Monroe, 'A Roll-Manuscript of Peter of Poitier's Compendium', Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum, 65 (1978), 92-107.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 613 [with additional bibliography].

The Benedictines in Britain, British Library Series, 3 (London: British Library, 1980), p. 32, no. 51, pl. 16 [exhibition catalogue].

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-88), I: 1190-1250, no. 56, pl. 202 [with additional bibiliography].

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 32, pl. 26.


Images

Mortuary roll of Lucy, foundress and first prioress of the Benedictine nunnery of Castle Hedingham, with tituli (responsive prayers) 1-6
* * *
 
The Crucifixion; Lucy de Vere

Part I
The Crucifixion; Lucy de Vere
Prayers

Part II, tituli 46-55
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 55-62
Prayers
 
Prayers

Part II, tituli 63-70
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 70-75
Prayers

Part II, Tituli 7-121
Mortuary roll of Lucy, foundress and first prioress of the Benedictine nunnery of Castle Hedingham, tituli (responsive prayers)
* * *
 
Prayers

Part II, tituli 14 to 17
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 18 to 23
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 24 to 29
Prayers
 
Prayers

Part II, tituli 30 to 38
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 39 to 45
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, Tituli 70-74
Prayers
 
Decorated initial

Part II, Tituli 75-80
Decorated initial
Prayers

Part II, Tituli 81 to 87
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 93-100
Prayers
 
Prayers

Part II, tituli 101-107
Prayers
Prayers

Part II, tituli 115-121
Prayers

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