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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 27

Title Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of Yolande of Flanders')
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date between 1353 and 1363
Language Latin, with some French
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to Jean le Noir or Bourgot, his daughter. This manuscript is related to several royal books of hours connected with the hands of Jean le Noir and his daugther, Bourgot, including the Hours of Jeanne de Navarre, Yolande's mother-in-law (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, nouv. acq. lat. 3145) and the Hours of Bonne of Luxembourg (New York, Cloisters, MS 69.86).
Decoration 24 scenes in the upper and lower margins, at the beginning of each month in the calendar (ff. 1-12). 9 full-page miniatures, accompanied by large historiated initials and full historiated borders, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the Hours of the Virgin and the Penitential Psalms (ff. 13v, 44av, 58v, 70v, 74v, 80v, 86v, 96v, 107v). Large historiated initials, in colours and gold (ff. 14v, 17, 18, 20, 22v, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30v, 31av, 32v, 35, 37, 40, 41v, 46v, 49v, 51v, 52, 53, 53v, 54av, 56v, 57, 59v, 60v, 62, 64, 67, 68, 68v, 70a, 71, 73v, 76, 76a, 77, 78v, 79v, 79a, 81, 82, 82a, 83v, 84v, 85, 87, 87av, 88v, 89v, 91, 91a, 91av, 93, 95 (x2), 97, 97v, 98, 99, 100v, 101, 101v, 102v, 103, 103v, 105, 105v, 106, 108av, 116, 121, 122v, 125 [with bas-de-page scene, at the beginning of the litany], 136, 136v). All text pages with full foliate borders, including many grotesque figures, in colours and gold. Small decorated initials and line-fillers, in red, blue and gold; many line-fillers including figural decoration in colours. Written alternately in blue and gold.
Dimensions in mm 113 x 77 (64 x 39)
Official foliation ff. 138 + ff. 30a, 31a, 31b, 44a, 47d, 54a, 70a, 76a, 79a, 82a, 87a, 91a, 97a, 108a, 126a (+ 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather, signed by Riviere and son, London, c. 1901/02 when Yates Thompson acquired the manuscript.
Provenance Yolande of Flanders (b. 1326, d. 1395), for or after her marriage in 1353 to Philippe of Navarre (d. 1363), Count of Longueville and son of Queen Jeanne II of Navarre: Yolande's coats of arms following marriage [Evreux-Longueville with Flanders] (ff. 14v, 15v, 17, 18, 19v, 22, 23v, 25, 25v, 26, 27, 30v, 32v, 34, 35, 37, 41v, 43v, 46v, 47d, 49v, 52, 54a, 57, 60v, 62, 63, 65v, 67, 68, 75v, 76a, 76av, 79v, 79av, 81v, 82v, 83v, 84v, 87v, 88v, 90v, 91a, 93, 94, 97, 100v, 101, 106, 108v, 111, 112v, 114v, 117v, 120v, 122v, 124, 127v, 130, 131, 133, 135, 136v).
Charles V (b. 1338, d. 1380), king of France (1364-1380): described in the inventory of Charles V, 1380, no. 3306 (see Delisle 1907, I, p. 215, and II, no. 242 pp. 42-43); perhaps acquired from Yolande of Flanders when she fled imprisonment in 1372, abandoning many possessions in the process.
John Boykett Jarman (d. 1864): in his collection; badly damaged in a flood in 1846 (on which see Janet Backhouse, 'A Victorian Connoisseur and his Manuscripts: The Tale of Mr Jarman and Mr Wing', The British Museum Quarterly, 33 (1967-68), 76-92); sold to Ruskin.
John Ruskin (b. 1819, d. 1900), art critic and social critic, c. 1854: he gave 13 leaves to the Ruskin School of Fine Art in Oxford, now Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Dep. a. 1 (ff. 31c, 32a, 38a, 47a, 47b, 70a (sic! cited after Cockerell 1905; f. 70a reinserted in Y. Th. 27), 71a, 71b, 100a, 105a, 109b, 112a, 123a); he also lent or gave away 24 others; the manuscript contains 14 leaves reincorporated since 1905 (ff. 30a, 31a, 31b, 47d, 54a, 70a, 76a, 79a, 82a, 87a, 91a, 97a, 108a, 126a); another restored leaf (f. 44a) was acquired after the leaves were numbered, but originally obtained by Yates Thompson (Cockerell 1905 p. 5). 2 missing leaves came to light in the sale of M. E. Hilliard, 16 May 1955, lot 77; bought by the National Museum, Stockholm, for £220 (B 1697 = f. 42a, B 1696 = f. 73a, see Nordenfalk 1979 no. 15 pp. 68-69).
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS] LXXXVI / £bee.e.e [i.e. £100.0.0] / [bought from] Mrs Severn / May 13th / 1901' (1st flyleaf).
Bequeathed to the British Museum by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson in 1941.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The manuscript was severely damaged by flood in 1846; access to it is therefore highly restricted.
Select bibliography S. C. Cockerell, The Book of Hours of Yolande of Flanders: A Manuscript of the Fourteenth Century in the Library of Henry Yates Thompson (London: Whittingham at the Chiswick Press, 1905).

A Descriptive Catalogue of Twenty Illuminated Manuscripts, Nos. LXXV to XCIV (Replacing Twenty Discarded from the Original Hundred) in the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1907), no. LXXXVI p. 91.

Léopold Delisle, Recherches sur la librairie de Charles V, 2 vols (Paris: Champion, 1907), I, no. XXXI pp. 214-18.

F. Wormald, 'The Yates Thompson Manuscripts', The British Museum Quarterly, 16 (1952), 4-6 (p. 5).

Kathleen Morand, Jean Pucelle (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962), pp. 22-23, no. 5 p. 41, pls XX, XXIIa, XXIIIa.

E. Davison and K. Clark, Ruskin and His Circle: Arts Council Gallery, 17 January - 15 February (London: Arts Council, 1964), 45 nos. 175, 176.

Carl Nordenfalk, 'Maître Honoré and Maître Pucelle', Apollo, 79 (1964), 356-64 (p. 360).

[D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), pl. 26.

James S. Dearden, 'John Ruskin, the Collector: With a Catalogue of the Illuminated and other Manuscripts Formerly in his Collection', The Library, 21, 5 (1966), 124-54 (p. 142 no. 40, pl. VII).

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), pp. 20, 103, 106, 139, 159 ff., 167 ff., 171, 174, 187, 380 n. 14, 381 n. 63, 382 n. 85, 388 n. 26, 394 n. 74, figs 363-366.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'A Follower of Jean Pucelle in England', Art Bulletin, 52, 4 (1970), 363-72 (p. 368, fig.19).

Millard Meiss, with Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), p. 400.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 953 p. 163, II, pl. 235.

Carl Nordenfalk, Bokmålningar från medeltid och renässans i Nationalmusei samlingar (Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren, 1979), figs. 216-17.

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), pp. 29-30, fig. 25.

Charles Sterling, La Peinture médiévale à Paris 1300-1500 2 vols (Paris: Bibliothèque des Arts, 1987), I, pp. 27, 105, no. 14 pp. 114-17, 258.

François Avril, L. Dunlop, and B. Yapp, Les Petites Heures de Jean, duc de Berry: introduction au manuscrit lat. 18014 de la Bibliothèque nationale, Paris (Lucerne, Faksimile Verlag Luzern, 1989).

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse Manuscripts and their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, p. 266.

Karin Gludovatz and Michaela Krieger, 'La contesse de Bar, Jean le Noir, enlumineur, et Bourgot, sa fille, enlumineresse de livres: zu Konzeption und Ausführung der Heures de Flandre'', Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch, 64 (2003), 83-124.

Catherine Reynolds, ‘Makers of Royal Manuscripts: Court Artists in France and the Netherlands’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 131-48 (p. 136).


Images
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January

f. 1
January
January

f. 1v
January


f. 2
 


f. 2v


f. 3


f. 3v
 


f. 4


f. 4v


f. 5
 


f. 5v


f. 6


f. 6v
 


f. 7


f. 7v


f. 8
 


f. 8v


f. 9


f. 9v
 


f. 10


f. 10v


f. 11
 


f. 11v


f. 12


f. 12v
 


f. 13v


f. 14v


f. 44av
 


f. 46v


f. 47d


f. 58v
 
Historiated initial

ff. 70v-71
Historiated initial
Annunciation to the shepherds

f. 70v
Annunciation to the shepherds
Adoration of the Magi

f. 74v
Adoration of the Magi
 


f. 78v


f. 79v


f. 80v
 
Flight into Egypt and Entombment

f. 86v
Flight into Egypt and Entombment
Flight into Egypt and Entombment

f. 86v
Flight into Egypt and Entombment
Detail

f. 88
Detail
 


f. 96v


f. 101v


f. 105v
 


f. 107v


f. 125

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