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Detailed record for Sloane 278

Author Hugh of Fouilloy
Title Aviarium ; Bestiary, in the Dicta Chrysostomi form
Origin France, N.
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration 1 full-page diagram with frame and central roundel in colours and gold (f. 2v). Numerous large miniatures in colours (29 of the aviarium; 24 of the bestiary). 1 large puzzle initial in blue and red with red and blue penwork decoration (f. 1*). Large initials in blue with red penwork decoration or pen-flourishing, or in red, usually with blue penwork decoration or pen-flourishing. Highlighting of letters in red.
Dimensions in mm 265 x 180 (190 x 135)
Official foliation ff. 57 + 1* ( + an unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 57 + 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with gold tooling; gilt edges; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Probably Archbishop George Neville of York (d.1476), (see James 1928).
Inscription in Greek (f. 1*).
Sir Hans Sloane (b. 1660, d. 1753), baronet, physician and collector: inscription 'Bibliothecae Sloanianae Min: 190' (ff. [v]; 1v.
Purchased as part of the Sloane collection from Sloane's executors and incorporated into the newly founded British Museum in 1753.
Select bibliography Catalogus Librorum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Sloanianae(Manuscripts 1-1091), ([London: British Museum], no date), no. 278.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 7.

M. R. James, The Bestiary: Being a Reproduction in full of the Manuscript Ii.4.26 in the University Library, Cambridge (Oxford: Roxburghe Club, 1928), p. 11.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Verzeichnis astrologischer und mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters, ed. by Harry Bober, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1916-66), III: Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken (1953), pp. 244-45.

Florence McCulloch, Medieval Latin and French Bestiaries, University of North Carolina Studies in the Romance Languages and Literatures, 33 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1962), p. 42, pl. X.1.

Brunsdon Yapp, Birds in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British LIbrary, 1981), p. 65.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), p. 75, fig. 31.

Dora Faraci, Il bestiario medio inglese (Ms Arundel 292 della British Library) (Rome: Japadre, 1990), p. 258.

Anne Payne, Medieval Beasts (London: British Library, 1900), pp. 1, 12, 32, 40, 59, 61, 69, 75, 82, 84, 93.

Ron Baxter, Bestiaries and Their Users in the Middle Ages (Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing, 1998), p. 148.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medicine in Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: British Library, 1998; first publ. as Medieval Medical Miniatures, 1984), p. 57, fig. 49.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 25, 27, pl. 21.

Jacqueline Leclercq-Marx, ‘La sirène et l’o(ono)centaure dans le Physiologus grec et latin et dans quelques bestiaries: Le texte et l’image’, in Bestiarires médiévaux: Nouvelles perspectives sur les manuscrits de les traditions textuelles, ed. by Baudouin Van den Abelle, Publications de l’Institut d’études médiévales, Collection Textes, études, congrés, 21 (Louvain: Brepols, 2005), pp. 169-82 (p. 179 n. 47).

Jacqueline Leclercq-Marx, ‘Le centaure dans l’art préroman et roman: Sources d’inspiration et modes de transmission’, Les Cahiers de Saint-Micel de Cuxa, 37 (2006), 33-42 (p. 38 n. 49).

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].


Images
* * *
 
Virgin and kneeling monk

f. 7
Virgin and kneeling monk
Cedar tree

f. 13v
Cedar tree
Pelican

f. 16
Pelican
 
Caladrius and ill men

f. 34v
Caladrius and ill men
Eagle

f. 41
Eagle
Mermaid

f. 47
Mermaid
 
Elephants, dragon, and mandrake

f. 48v
Elephants, dragon, and mandrake
Onager

f. 49v
Onager
Mythical creatures

ff. 50v-51
Mythical creatures
 
Fox and birds

f. 53
Fox and birds

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