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Detailed record for Royal 8 G VII

Author Josquin des Prez, Pierre de la Rue and others
Title Book of 28 motets
Origin Netherlands, S. (Mechelen)
Date between 1513 and c. 1525
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Scribe Workshop of Petrus Alamire
Decoration 2 miniatures in colours and gold of the royal arms and the badge of a portcullis (ff. 2v-3). Two illuminated initials in colours and gold with partial trompe l'oeil borders. Calligraphic initials in red, blue, or green, some with pen-flourishing in another colour.
Dimensions in mm 370 x 255 (260 x 185)
Official foliation ff. 63 ( + 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf attached to a modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the end; f. 1 is a modern parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library parchment binding; gilt edges.
Provenance Petrus Alamire (probable birth name Peter van den Hove, Imhoff or Imhove) (b. c. 1470, d. 1536), music scribe, in service of Margaret of Austria (b. 1480, d. 1530) Regent of the Netherlands, since 1509 'scribe and keeper of the books’ in the chapel of the Archduke Charles (b. 1500, d. 1558) (later the Emperor Charles V), and spy for Henry VIII (1515-1518), produced in his workshop in Mechelen.
Henry VIII (b.1491, d. 1547), king of England and Ireland, made for him and his wife, Katherine of Aragon (b. 1485, d. 1536), queen of England and probably presented to the royal couple by Margaret of Austria or Archduke Charles: the royal arms of England supported by a red dragon and a white greyhound, encircled by the Garter, with badges of a portcullis adopted by Henry VIII and the Tudor rose, with Katherine's badge of a pomegranate (ff. 2v-3).

[f. 1 only: Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (b. 1512, d. 1580), magnate, or his father William Fitzalan, 11th earl of Arundel (b. c.1476, d. 1544): a puzzle-canon upon the motto of the Garter, 'Honi soit qui mal y pense', addressed to him probably by Clément Morel (fl. 1534-1552), inscribed, 'Morel viro praeclarissimo domino comiti de Arundell' (f. 1).
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: probably to be identified with 'A songe of the Garter' listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 2608, no. 44 of music manuscripts (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library.

Both parts:
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Musical notation.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 277.

Flemish Art 1300-1700, Winter Exhibition 1953-54 (London: Royal Academy of Arts ,1953-54), no. 617.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 286.

Herbert Kellman, 'The Origins of the Chigi Codex: The Date, Provenance, and Original Ownership of Rome, Biblioteca Vaticana, Chigiana, C. VIII. 234', Journal of the American Musicological Society, 11 (1958), 6-19 (p. 18).

John Ward, 'The Late Music of Ms Royal Appendix 58', Journal of the American Musicological Society, 13 (1960) 117-25 (p. 123).

Augustus Hughes-Hughes, Catalogue of Manuscript Music in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1906-1965), I, pp. 140, 259; II, pp. 1, 193.

F. Tirro, 'Royal MS 8 G. VII: Strawberry Leaves, Single Arch, and Wrong-Way Lions', The Musical Quarterly, 62 (1981), 1-28.

James Roland Braithwaite, 'The Introduction of Franco-Netherlandish Manuscripts to Early Tudor England: The Motet Repertory' (unpublished doctoral thesis, Boston University 1967), I-III, passim.

Herbert Kellman, 'Josquin and the Courts of the Netherlands and France: The Evidence of the Sources', in Josquin des Prez: Proceedings of the International Josquin Festival-Conference, 21-25 June 1971 (London, New York, and Toronto, 1976), pp.181-216 (pp.200, 209, 212).

London, British Library, MS Royal 8 G.vii, ed. by Herbert Kellman, Renaissance Music in Facsimile, 9 (New York: Garland, 1987).

John Milsom, 'The Nonsuch Music Library', in Sundry Sorts of Music Books: Essays on the British Library Collections presented to O. W. Neighbour on his 70th Birthday, ed. by Chris Banks, Arthur Searle and Malcolm Turner (London: British Library, 1993), pp. 146-82, 170-71.

Janet Backhouse, 'A Salute to the Tudor Rose', in Miscellanea Martin Wittek: Album de codicologie et de paléographie offert à Martin Wittek, ed. by Anny Raman and Eugène Manning, (Louvain: Peeters, 1993), pp. 1-13 (p. 1).

The Treasury of Petrus Alamire: Music and Art in Flemish Court Manuscripts 1500-1535, ed. by Herbert Kellman (Ludion: University of Chicago, 1999), no.
22.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), p. lv, n. 117.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 133.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 105.

Jennifer Thomas, ‘Patronage and Personal Narrative in a Music Manuscript: Marguerite of Austria, Katherine of Aragon, and London Royal 8 G.vii’, in Musical Voices of Early Modern Women: Many-Headed Melodies, ed. by Thomasin LaMay (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), pp. 337-64.

Nicolas Bell, 'Commentary', in Music for King Henry: BL Royal MS II E XI (London: Folio Society, 2009), pls on p. 32, 56.

Henry VIII: Man and Monarch, ed. by Susan Doran (London: British Library, 2009), no. 55 [exhibition catalogue].

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 153 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 02 June 2011


Images
* * *
 
Horseman

f. 1
Horseman
Royal arms of England

f. 2v
Royal arms of England
Royal arms of England and devices of Henry VIII

ff. 2v-3
Royal arms of England and devices of Henry VIII
 
Portcullis

f. 3
Portcullis
Portcullis

f. 3
Portcullis
Calligraphic initials

f. 17v
Calligraphic initials
 
Calligraphic initials

f. 18
Calligraphic initials
Text pages

ff. 23v-24
Text pages
Calligraphic initials

f. 23v
Calligraphic initials
 
Calligraphic initials

f. 24
Calligraphic initials
Calligraphic initials

f. 53v
Calligraphic initials
Calligraphic initials

f. 54
Calligraphic initials
 
Calligraphic initials

ff. 56v-57
Calligraphic initials
Musical notation

f. 57v
Musical notation
Musical notation

f. 58
Musical notation
 

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