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Detailed record for Royal 1 B XI

Title Gospels
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury)
Date 3rd quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration 3 incipit pages with initials in outline drawing, partially coloured, and display script in red and blue, at the beginning of Mathew, Luke, and John (ff. 9, 72, 114v). 2 historiated (ff. 6, 6v), 5 inhabited or zoomorphic (ff. 2v, 5, 44, 46, 70), and 1 foliate (f. 112v) initial in outline drawing, all with display script in red and blue. 3 blue initials with penwork decoration in red (ff. 64, 72v, 106), and 2 puzzle initials in red and blue (ff. 142v, 134). Decoration unfinished, space left blank for an initial (f. 139v).
Dimensions in mm 310 x 185 (200 x 120), in one column
Official foliation ff. 147 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end; f. 1 is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1950.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Augustine, Canterbury: includes records of the revenues of the abbey, 12th century (ff. 145v-147v).
John Theyer (bap. 1598, d. 1673), antiquary, included in the catalogue of his library left to his grandson Charles Theyer (b. 1651): see Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697#), II, no. 6433.
Robert Scott (b. c. 1632, d. 1709/10), London bookseller: included in the catalogue of John Theyer’s manuscripts in his possession, assessed in 1678 by William Beveridge and William Jane, Royal Appendix, 70, no. 301.
Charles II (b. 1630, d.1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: purchased from Scott together over 300 other manuscripts from Theyer's library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the epistle of Jerome to Pope Damasus, imperfect (f. 2r-2v), and capitula added by a different 12th-century hand, at the beginning of each Gospel (ff. 7-8v, 44v-45v, 71-71v, 113-113v).
According to unpublished notes of Michael Gullick the scribe also wrote Christ Church College, MS. 94, ff.182v-196, Trinity College, MS. B.3.13 and probably part of Royal 7 E VI and Cotton Claudius C VI, ff. 174-202, both Christ Church books.
Catchwords, quire signatures in the form of Evangelists' names and numerals, and instructions for display script, e.g., the instruction 'non scribatur' (not to be written) in the space above the opening of the prologue (f. 6v).
Select bibliography Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), II: English 12th and 13th Centuries(1915), p. 7, pl. 5g.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 12.

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 41.

C. R. Dodwell, The Canterbury School of Illumination 1066-1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), pp. 28n, 34, 79, 123, pl. 21b.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 157.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp. 44, 361.

J. J. G. Alexander, Norman Illumination at Mont St Michel 966-11000 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970), p. 98 n. 4.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), no. 65, ills. 171, 172.

Christopher de Hamel, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts (Oxford : Phaidon, 1986), fig. 97.

Michelle P. Brown and Patricia Lovett, The Historical Source Book for Scribes (London: British Library, 1999), p. 21.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 50.

Asa Simon Mittman, Maps and Monsters in Medieval England (New York: Routledge, 2006), pp. 143, 148-49, 198, pls 7.16, 7.17, 8.1, 9.10.

St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, ed. by B. C. Barker-Benfield, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 13, 3 vols (London: British Library, 2008), pp. 1733, 1796.
Last revised: 17 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Inhabited initial

f. 2v
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

f. 2v
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

ff. 2v-3
Inhabited initial
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 5
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 5
Zoomorphic initial
Michael

f. 6
Michael
 
Michael

f. 6
Michael
Matthew

f. 6v
Matthew
Matthew

f. 6v
Matthew
 
Dog

f. 9
Dog
Dragons

f. 44
Dragons
Inhabited initial

f. 46
Inhabited initial
 
Inhabited initial

f. 46
Inhabited initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 72
Zoomorphic initial
Decorated initial

f. 112v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 112v
Decorated initial
Lamb of God

f. 114v
Lamb of God
Notes

f. 145v
Notes
 

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