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Detailed record for Harley 4205

Part 1 ff. 1-8 
Title Anonymous verses on the kings of England, to Henry VI, unfinished (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
Origin England, S. E. (probably London)
Date c. 1445-c. 1450
Language English
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous coloured drawings of English kings in armour and tabard, presenting a plaque with verses.
Dimensions in mm 390 x 290 (n/a)
 
Part 2 ff. 9-40v 
Title Military Roll of Arms (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
Origin England, S. E. (probably London)
Date before 1448, c. 1446
Language no text
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous coloured drawings of combatant mounted knights in armour and tabard.
Dimensions in mm 390 x 290 (n/a)
 
Part 3 ff. 41-112 
Title Legh's Men of Arms (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
Origin England, S. E. (probably London)
Date last quarter of the 15th century or 1st quarter of the 16th century
Language French (names of the knights)
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous coloured drawings of knights in armour and tabard.
Dimensions in mm 390 x 290 (n/a)
 
Official foliation ff. i + 112 (+ 6 paper flyleaves as the beginning + 1 unfoliated unwritten paper leaf after f. 40 + 3 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Paper codex
Binding Post-1600. 'Harleian' binding of gold-tooled red leather, green leather inner covers with Harley arms; marbled endpapers and gilt edges.
Provenance Parts 1-2:
Roger Legh, herald, Clarenceux King of Arms, 1435-1460: entered in Thomas Benolt's 1534 inventory as a volume 'made by' Roger Legh (see Scott 1996, Marks and Williamson 2003).
Probably William Hawkeslowe, Clarenceux King of Arms, c. 1461-1476 (see Scott 1996).

All:
Sir Thomas Holme (d. 1493), Clarenceux King of Arms (1476-1494), admission to the Order of the Garter in 1482: his arms within a garter (f. i;).
Thomas Benolt (d. 1534), herald and diplomat, Clarenceux King of Arms 1511-1534: features in his 1534 inventory of 'the Visitation of many shires' (see Scott 1996, Marks and Williamson 2003), his inventory mark 'X' (f. i verso).
Added coloured drawings of heraldic motifs, 16th century (f. 112v).
Christopher Bateman (fl. 1698, d. c. 1730), bookseller and book auctioneer in London: sold to Robert Harley on 27 May 1720 (see Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘27 May 1720’ (f. [v]).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
This manuscript, together with two other manuscripts (London, British Library, Add. 45133 and London, Guildhall Library, Print Room (s.n.)) is known as 'Sir Thomas Holme's Book' because his arms appear in two of these manuscripts (the present volume (f. i), and Add. 45133).
For a discussion on the date of the various parts, see Scott 1996.
f. I is a paper leaf which forms integral part of the original manuscript.
F. 23 is an inserted parchment leaf.
Ff. 91v, 103v-104v, 105v, 106v, 107v,108v, 109v, 110v, 111v are blank except for the name of the knight that was intended to be painted on these pages. F. 112v is the same but bears added heraldic motifs.
Watermark of a barbed anchor with small cross (throughout the 3 parts of the manuscript), similar to C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leur apparition vers 1282 jusqu'en 1600, A Facsimile of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. by Allan Stevenson, 4 vols (Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1968), no. 389 (Estopey, 1418; Troyes, 1426).
'Although the paper is probably from the same moulds as the rest of the book, the figures in part 3 appear to be later and may have been added under the direction of Thomas Holmes to sheets left blank during Legh's tenure as Clarenceux […]' (Scott 1996).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 4205.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 48 n. 8.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 66, 70, 195.

Ann Payne, 'The Salisbury Roll of Arms, c. 1463', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Daniel Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 187-98 (pl. 6).

Two East Anglian Picture Books: A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), p. 19 n. 2.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), no. 85 [with additional bibliography].

Gothic: Art for England 1400-1547, ed. by Richard Marks and Paul Williamson (London: V&A Publications, 2003), no. 77 [exhibition catalogue; with additional bibliography].

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 20.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-8
Anonymous verses on the kings of England, to Henry VI, unfinished (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
* * *
 
Coloured drawing

f. i verso
Coloured drawing
William the Conqueror

f. 1
William the Conqueror
William II

f. 1v
William II
 
Henry I

f. 2
Henry I
King Stephen

f. 2v
King Stephen
Henry II

f. 3
Henry II
 
Richard I

f. 3v
Richard I
King John

f. 4
King John
Henry III

f. 4v
Henry III
 
Edward I

f. 5
Edward I
Edward II

f. 5v
Edward II
Edward III

f. 6
Edward III
 
Richard II

f. 6v
Richard II
Henry IV

f. 7
Henry IV
Henry V

f. 7v
Henry V
 
Henry VI

f. 8
Henry VI

Part  2   ff. 9-40v
Military Roll of Arms (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
* * *
 
Four mounted knights

f. 9
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 9v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 10
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 10v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 11
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 11v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 12
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 12v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 13
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 13v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 14
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 14v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 15
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 15v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 16
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 16v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 17
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 17v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 18
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 18v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 19
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 19v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 20
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 20v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 21
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 21v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 22
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 22v
Four mounted knights
A mounted knight

f. 23
A mounted knight
Four mounted knights

f. 24
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 24v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 25
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 25v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 26
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 26v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 27
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 27v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 28
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 28v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 29
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 29v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 30
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 30v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 31
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 31v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 32
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 32v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 33
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 33v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 34
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 34v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 35
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 35v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 36
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 36v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 37
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 37v
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 38
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 38v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 39
Four mounted knights
 
Four mounted knights

f. 39v
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 40
Four mounted knights
Four mounted knights

f. 40v
Four mounted knights
 

Part  3   ff. 41-112
Legh's Men of Arms (manuscript also known as Sir Thomas Holme's Book of Arms)
* * *
 
Knight in armour

f. 41
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 41v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 42
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 42v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 43
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 43v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 44
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 44v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 45
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 45v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 46
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 46v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 47
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 47v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 48
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 48v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 49
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 49v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 50
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 50v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 51
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 51v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 52
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 52v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 53
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 53v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 54
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 54v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 55
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 55v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 56
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 56v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 57
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 57v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 58
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 58v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 59
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 59v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 60
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 60v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 61
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 61v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 62
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 62v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 63
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 63v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 64
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 64v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 65
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 65v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 66
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 66v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 67
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 67v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 68
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 68v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 69
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 69v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 70
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 70v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 71
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 71v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 72
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 72v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 73
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 73v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 74
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 74v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 75
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 75v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 76
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 76v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 77
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 77v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 78
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 78v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 79
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 79v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 80
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 80v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 81
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 81v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 82
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 82v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 83
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 83v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 84
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 84v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 85
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 85v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 86
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 86v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 87
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 87v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 88
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 88v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 89
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 89v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 90
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 90v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 91
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 92
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 92v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 93
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 93v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 94
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 94v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 95
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 95v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 96
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 96v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 97
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 97v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 98
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 98v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 99
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 99v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 100
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 100v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 101
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 101v
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 102
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 102v
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 103
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 105
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 106
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 107
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 108
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 109
Knight in armour
 
Knight in armour

f. 110
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 111
Knight in armour
Knight in armour

f. 112
Knight in armour
 

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