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Detailed record for Harley 2736

Author Marcus Tullius Cicero
Title De oratore
Origin Germany, Central (Fulda) or France, Central (Ferrières)
Date c. 836
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Scribe Lupus of Ferrières
Decoration Large initials in brown ink.
Dimensions in mm 220 x 200 (145 x 130), in 2 columns
Official foliation ff. 109 (+ 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves and 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 12 unfoliated parchment leaves and 3 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 'Harleian' binding (restored) of gold-tooled red leather; marbled endpapers. Rebound in 1973.
Provenance Servatus Lupus (b. c. 805, d. 862), abbot of Ferrières 840-62 (Loiret, France): copied by him, either in Fulda or in Ferrières, to which he returned from Fulda in 836 (perhaps copied from a manuscript he borrowed c. 836) (see discussion in Wright 1972, Watson 1979).
?The Benedictine abbey of Cormery, diocese of Tours: 10th-century additions (ff. 106v-109v, especially ff. 107v-108v) (see Catalogue 1881-84, and Watson 1979).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold to the Harleys in February 1719/20 (see Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘23 die februarij 1719/20’ (f. [vi]) and inscribed 'This belongs to the mss at Wimpole' (f. [v]), referring to Wimpole Hall which belonged to the earls of Oxford).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes ff. 17-24 are bound in the wrong order.
Catchwords written horizontally.
Quire marks (Roman numerals in the centre of the lower margin of the verso of the last leaf of the quires).
A description of this manuscript written by T. S. Pattie is bound between ff. [iii] and [iv].
Checked for pamphlets.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II, no. 2736.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-84), Part II Latin, p. 69, pl. 58.

Émile Chatelain, Paléographie des classiques latins (Paris: [n. publ., 1884-1900), p. 27, pl. 19a [f. 87v].

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 57).

Johannes Stroux, 'Die Rekonstruktion der Handschrift von Lodi', Handschriftliche Studien zur Cicero De Oratore (leipzig, Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1921), 3-182 (p. 162-164).

Charles Henry Beeson, Lupus of Ferrières as Scribe and Text Critic (Cambridge, Mass.: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1930) [commentary and facsimile].

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 195 n. 18.

Kazimierz F. Kumaniecki, M. Tulli Ciceronis Scripta quae mansuerunt omnia, Fasc. 3: De Oratore (Leipzig: Teubner, 1969), pp. v-viii.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 112, 229, 253-54.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 698.

Joyce Irene Whalley and Vera C. Kaden, The Universal Penman: A Survey of Western Calligraphy from the Roman Period to 1980 (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1980), no. 10 [exhibition catalogue].

B. Munk Olsen, L’Étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles, 3 vols (Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1982-1989), I (1982), p. 214 no. B. 247.

M. Winterbottom et al., 'Cicero: Rhetorical Works: De oratore, Orator, Brutus' in Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L. D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), pp. 102-109 (pp. 103-04).

Bernhard Bischoff, Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne, trans. and ed. by Michael Gorman, Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology, 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994; most originally pub. in Mittelalterliche Studien: Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte I-III (Stuttgart: Hieresmann, 1966-1981), pp. 123-24, 144.

Marina Passalacqua, ‘Lupo di Ferrières, Geberto di Aurillac e il De oratore’, Materiali e discussuini per l’analisi dei testi classici, 36 (1996), 225-228.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 55.


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Plain initial

f. 1
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f. 4
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f. 16v
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f. 24v
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f. 45v
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