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Detailed record for Egerton 943

Author Dante Alighieri; Jacopo Alighieri
Title Divina Commedia : Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso, with a short Latin commentary; the Capitolo (ff. 187-187v)
Origin Italy, N. (Emilia or Padua)
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language Italian
Script Gothic
Artists Master of the Antiphonar of Padua (see Bollati 2004).
Decoration 261 small miniatures, in colours and gold, throughout. 3 large historiated or inhabited initials with human figures, in colours and gold, at the beginning of the books (ff. 3, 63, 129). Large and smaller decorated foliate initials, many with foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold. 2 small initials in blue with red penwork decoration or in red with blue penwork decoration (ff. 42v, 187). Paraph marks in plain red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 390 x 260 (various)
Official foliation ff. 188 (+ 1 paper, 2 parchment, and 1 paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 parchment and 1 paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation Mainly quires of 10 leaves
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled red leather over wooden boards; gilt edges.
Provenance D. Pietro Zani, Conservatore delle stampe della Biblioteca di Parma: certificate of the value of this manuscript signed by him and two others, dated 25 June 1815 (f. 1r).
Baron August von Koller (b. 1805, d. 1883), Austrian diplomat, bought from him by the British Museum on 11 June 1842 (a note on flyleaf, f. [iv]), using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829)).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1841-1845 (London: British Museum, 1850), 1842, pp. 104-05.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 10.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 262.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 119.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Verzeichnis astrologischer und mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters, ed. by Harry Bober, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1916-66), III: Handschriften in englischen Bibliotheken (1953), pp. 138-40.

Adelheid Heimann, 'A Twelfth-Century Manuscript from Winchcombe and its Illustrations: Dublin, Trinity College, Ms. 53', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 28 (1965), 86-209 (p. 105).

Peter Brieger, Millard Meiss and Charles S. Singleton, Illuminated Manuscripts of the Divine Comedy, 2 vols (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969), I, 262-69, and passim, II, 41, 56, 69, 80, 93, 106, 117, 128, 151, 165, 183, [with additional bibliography].

Alessandro Conti, La Miniature bolognese: Scuole e botteghe 1270-1340 (Bologna: ALFA, 1981), pp. 67-68, figs. 184-86.

Cioffari, Vincent, 'Latin Commentary on Paradiso XI from Egerton 943', in Forum
Italicum, 17, no. 1, (Spring 1983), 53-63

Marcella Roddewig, Dante Alighieri: Die go¨ttliche Komo¨die : vergleichende Bestandsaufnahme der Commedia-Handschriften (Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1984), pp. 163-64, no. 392.

Rachel M. Owen, 'Illuminated manuscripts of Dante's Commedia (1330-1490) in their cultural and artistic context' (unpublished doctoral thesis, Royal Holloway, University of London, 2000), pp. 67, 78, 82, 83, 87, 90, 101, 105, 119, 120-21, 151, 153, 155, 157-58, 190, 195, 216, 244, 307, online at http://ethos.bl.uk/DownloadOrder.do?orderNumber=THESIS00796460, [accessed 17.01.14].

Dizionario biografico dei miniatori Italiani: Secoli IX-XVI, ed. by Milvia Bollati (Milan: Bonnard, 2004), p. 1040.

Harald Anderson, The Manuscripts of Statius, 3 vols (revised edition: Arlington, Virginia, 2009), III, p. 65.

Anna Pegoretti, Indagine su un codice dantesco: La 'Commedia' Egerton 943 della British Library, Studi Italianistici 6 (Ghezzano: Felici Editore, 2014).

Chiara Ponchia, Frammenti dell'aldila`: miniature trecentesche della Divina Commedia (Padua: Il poligrafo, 2015).

Il Manoscritto Egerton 943: Dante Alighieri, ‘Commedia’. Saggi e Commenti, ed. by Marco Santagata (Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana fondata da Giovanni Treccani, 2015) [facsimile].


Images
* * *
 
Dante's dream; the leopard and the lion

f. 3
Dante's dream; the leopard and the lion
Dante's dream

f. 3
Dante's dream
Inferno: Dante, the leopard and the lion

f. 3
Inferno: Dante, the leopard and the lion
 
Inferno: souls wait for Charon's ferry

f. 7v
Inferno: souls wait for Charon's ferry
The noble castle

f. 9v
The noble castle
Minos judging three souls.

f. 10
Minos judging three souls.
 
Inferno, Canto V, Second circle: Minos judging three souls

f. 10
Inferno, Canto V, Second circle: Minos judging three souls
Inferno:  the carnal sinners

f. 10v
Inferno: the carnal sinners
Cerberus

f. 12
Cerberus
 
Phlegyas departs

f. 16
Phlegyas departs
Inferno: Virgil and Dante look up at the furies

f. 17
Inferno: Virgil and Dante look up at the furies
 Dante and Virgil watch the minotaur from below

f. 21v
Dante and Virgil watch the minotaur from below
 
Centaurs by the river of blood

f. 22
Centaurs by the river of blood
Nimrod and Ephialtes

f. 55v
Nimrod and Ephialtes
Traitors in ice

f. 57
Traitors in ice
 
Dante pulls at the hair of a traitor

f. 58
Dante pulls at the hair of a traitor
Count Ugolino gnawing  Archbishop Ruggieri's scalp

f. 58v
Count Ugolino gnawing Archbishop Ruggieri's scalp
Inferno: the traitors in ice

f. 60
Inferno: the traitors in ice
 
Alberigho and the traitors

f. 60
Alberigho and the traitors
Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus

f. 61
Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus
Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus

f. 61
Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus
 
 Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus

f. 61
Lucifer devouring Cassius, Brutus and Judus
Lucifer's legs and the exit from Hell

f. 61v
Lucifer's legs and the exit from Hell
Lucifer and the mouth of Hell

f. 61v
Lucifer and the mouth of Hell
 
Dante embarks on a ship, and disembarks in Purgatory

f. 63
Dante embarks on a ship, and disembarks in Purgatory
Virgil picking a reed to bind around Dante's waist

f. 64v
Virgil picking a reed to bind around Dante's waist
An angel ferrying souls to Purgatory

f. 65
An angel ferrying souls to Purgatory
 
The souls disembark; Casella approaches Dante

f. 65v
The souls disembark; Casella approaches Dante
Dante and Casella in Purgatory

f. 65v
Dante and Casella in Purgatory
Purgatory: Dante and Virgil meet  the excommunicated

f. 67
Purgatory: Dante and Virgil meet the excommunicated
 
King Manfred

f. 67v
King Manfred
Virgil explains to Dante why the sun is in the north

f. 68v
Virgil explains to Dante why the sun is in the north
Belacqua

f. 69v
Belacqua
 
The souls of the indolent

f. 70
The souls of the indolent
Dante and Virgil meet the souls who repented too late

f. 70
Dante and Virgil meet the souls who repented too late
The Ark of the Coventant in procession

f. 80v
The Ark of the Coventant in procession
 
The proud carrying heavy rocks

f. 81
The proud carrying heavy rocks
The triumph of Trajan

f. 81
The triumph of Trajan
Virgil asks the proud the way

f. 82
Virgil asks the proud the way
 
Dante bending overi

f. 82v
Dante bending overi
Dante and Virgil contemplating the sin of pride

f. 83v
Dante and Virgil contemplating the sin of pride
The Angel of Humility showing the way

f. 84v
The Angel of Humility showing the way
 
Dante and Virgil hear voices on the air

f. 85v
Dante and Virgil hear voices on the air
The souls of the envious

f. 86
The souls of the envious
Sapia of Sienna

f. 86v
Sapia of Sienna
 
Guido del Duca

f. 87v
Guido del Duca
The mountain of purification

f. 88v
The mountain of purification
The Angel of Generosity

f. 89v
The Angel of Generosity
 
Dante's visions of Mary and Peisistratus's wife

f. 90
Dante's visions of Mary and Peisistratus's wife
The stoning of Stephen

f. 90v
The stoning of Stephen
The black cloud of anger

f. 91
The black cloud of anger
 
The black cloud of anger

f. 91
The black cloud of anger
Dante speaks to one of the angry souls

f. 91v
Dante speaks to one of the angry souls
The mourning Lavinia

f. 93
The mourning Lavinia
 
The Angel of Meekness

f. 93v
The Angel of Meekness
Virgil and Dante

f. 94
Virgil and Dante
Dante and Virgil in Purgatory

f. 95
Dante and Virgil in Purgatory
 
The abbot of St Zeno and the slothful

f. 96
The abbot of St Zeno and the slothful
Dante dreams of the Siren

f. 96v
Dante dreams of the Siren
The Angel of Zeal

f. 97
The Angel of Zeal
 
The avaricous lay face down;

f. 97v
The avaricous lay face down;
Pope Adrian

f. 97v
Pope Adrian
Hugh Capet

f. 99
Hugh Capet
 
The Avaricious and the Prodigal.

f. 100
The Avaricious and the Prodigal.
Dante and Virgil meet Statius.

f. 100v
Dante and Virgil meet Statius.
Purgatory, Canto XXI, Terrace 5th: Statius pays homage to Virgil.

f. 101v
Purgatory, Canto XXI, Terrace 5th: Statius pays homage to Virgil.
 
  Dante, Statius and Virgil

f. 102
Dante, Statius and Virgil
The tree of the gluttonous

f. 103v
The tree of the gluttonous
Purgatory: the gluttonous

f. 104
Purgatory: the gluttonous
 
Forese Donati among the gluttonous

f. 104v
Forese Donati among the gluttonous
Forese Donati points to the gluttonous

f. 105v
Forese Donati points to the gluttonous
 Bonagiunta and Dante

f. 106
Bonagiunta and Dante
 
The gluttonous beside the tree

f. 107
The gluttonous beside the tree
The angel of temperance

f. 107v
The angel of temperance
Purgatory:  Dante, Statius and Virgil

f. 108
Purgatory: Dante, Statius and Virgil
 
The souls of the Lustful purged by fire

f. 108v
The souls of the Lustful purged by fire
Guido Guinzelli and the lustful kissing

f. 109v
Guido Guinzelli and the lustful kissing
Purgatory: Dante observes the lustful

f. 110
Purgatory: Dante observes the lustful
 
 Dante speaks to Arnaut

f. 111
Dante speaks to Arnaut
The angel of chastity

f. 111v
The angel of chastity
 Statius, Dante, and Virgil passing through the wall of fire

f. 112
Statius, Dante, and Virgil passing through the wall of fire
 
Purgatory: Dante dreams of Leah picking flowers

f. 112v
Purgatory: Dante dreams of Leah picking flowers
 Dante dreams of Leah

f. 113
Dante dreams of Leah
Two angels' heads

f. 113v
Two angels' heads
 
 Matilda

f. 114
Matilda
 Purgatory: Matilda and the arc of heaven

f. 115
Purgatory: Matilda and the arc of heaven
 Matilda and the seven candlesticks

f. 115v
Matilda and the seven candlesticks
 
Purgatory: a rainbow and souls in white robes

f. 116
Purgatory: a rainbow and souls in white robes
The four winged beasts

f. 116v
The four winged beasts
The crowned elders

f. 116v
The crowned elders
 
A griffin pulling a chariot

f. 117
A griffin pulling a chariot
Chariot with the seven virtues and apostles

f. 117v
Chariot with the seven virtues and apostles
Purgatory: A group of angels

f. 118
Purgatory: A group of angels
 
Dante is led to Beatrice

f. 121
Dante is led to Beatrice
Angels dancing and Dante, Statius and Matilda follow the chariot

f. 122
Angels dancing and Dante, Statius and Matilda follow the chariot
Purgatory: Statius, Matilda and a sleeping Dante

f. 122v
Purgatory: Statius, Matilda and a sleeping Dante
 
 Dante roused by Matilda

f. 122v
Dante roused by Matilda
Beatrice amid the virtues

f. 123
Beatrice amid the virtues
The chariot with the dragon and the eagle

f. 123v
The chariot with the dragon and the eagle
 
The seven horned heads

f. 123v
The seven horned heads
The giant and the harlot

f. 124
The giant and the harlot
Beatrice with the virtues

f. 124v
Beatrice with the virtues
 
The spring of Eunoe

f. 125v
The spring of Eunoe
Dante in the spring

f. 126
Dante in the spring
Dante before Christ

f. 129
Dante before Christ
 
Beatrice looks up at the sun

f. 129v
Beatrice looks up at the sun
The sun

f. 130
The sun
Paradise: the heaven of the moon

f. 131
Paradise: the heaven of the moon
 
Paradise: five souls and the moon

f. 132v
Paradise: five souls and the moon
Paradise: the heaven of Mercury

f. 135v
Paradise: the heaven of Mercury
Beatrice speaks of the doctrine of free will

f. 135v
Beatrice speaks of the doctrine of free will
 
Detail: six souls and the heaven of mercury

f. 136v
Detail: six souls and the heaven of mercury
Justinian in the heaven of mercury

f. 137v
Justinian in the heaven of mercury
 Dante, Beatrice, four men, and the heaven of Venus

f. 142v
Dante, Beatrice, four men, and the heaven of Venus
 
Five Dominicans in the heaven of the sun

f. 144v
Five Dominicans in the heaven of the sun
 Dominic, Thomas Aquinas, and  Francis in the heaven of the sun

f. 146
Dominic, Thomas Aquinas, and Francis in the heaven of the sun
 Beatrice and Dante beneath stars

f. 149
Beatrice and Dante beneath stars
 
Paradise:  Beatrice and Dante beneath the stars

f. 149
Paradise: Beatrice and Dante beneath the stars
Aquinas and two other Dominican saints

f. 149v
Aquinas and two other Dominican saints
Beatrice, Dante, and three Dominican saints

f. 149v
Beatrice, Dante, and three Dominican saints
 
Three Dominicans

f. 151
Three Dominicans
The Heaven of the sun

f. 151v
The Heaven of the sun
Paradise: the dazzling light

f. 152
Paradise: the dazzling light
 
Paradise: four resurrected souls

f. 152v
Paradise: four resurrected souls
Paradise:  six souls

f. 153
Paradise: six souls
Three male souls in the heaven of Mars

f. 154v
Three male souls in the heaven of Mars
 
Detail: three male busts in the heaven of mars

f. 156v
Detail: three male busts in the heaven of mars
Five souls and a cross in the heaven of mars

f. 158
Five souls and a cross in the heaven of mars
Ten souls in the heaven of Jupiter

f. 159
Ten souls in the heaven of Jupiter
 
Detail: ten heads in the heaven of Jupiter

f. 159
Detail: ten heads in the heaven of Jupiter
Paradise: the eagle's head

f. 160
Paradise: the eagle's head
The eagle's head in the heaven of Jupiter

f. 161v
The eagle's head in the heaven of Jupiter
 
The steps in the heaven of Saturn

f. 163v
The steps in the heaven of Saturn
 Peter Damian

f. 164
Peter Damian
St Benedict

f. 165
St Benedict
 
The ladder to the heaven of Saturn

f. 166
The ladder to the heaven of Saturn
Dante speaks with triumphant souls

f. 167
Dante speaks with triumphant souls
The eighth heaven

f. 168
The eighth heaven
 


f. 168


f. 169
Beatrice with saints

f. 170v
Beatrice with saints
 
James and Peter

f. 171v
James and Peter
Dante and Beatrice

f. 172
Dante and Beatrice
Dante and Beatrice and the nine heavenly orders

f. 176
Dante and Beatrice and the nine heavenly orders
 
The Rose of Heaven

f. 181
The Rose of Heaven


f. 181


f. 182
 


f. 184v
Dante and Christ

f. 186
Dante and Christ

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