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Detailed record for Additional 30846

Title Liber Misticus, Offices and Masses of the Mozarabic Liturgy from Easter Monday to Pentecost (imperfect)
Origin Spain, N. (Burgos)
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century or 1st quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Visigothic minuscule
Decoration Large monographs and initials with penwork decoration in foliate, interlace or geometric patterns, some with human figures (ff. 28, 46v, 47v, 84, 84v, 94), birds or animal heads (e.g., f. 57v) in brown with red, green, yellow or black. Marginal image of a bird with a fish in its beak (f. 161v). Initials and display script in red, green or light brown.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 220 (200/10 x 150/70) some folios written in two columns
Official foliation ff. 177 (ff. 176 and 177 are added paper leaves + 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 1 at the end + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the end
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather over wooden boards
Provenance The Benedictine monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos, kept in cupboard no 8: labelled 'Caj[on] 8' on f. 2;, in the catalogue compiled by Ibarette in 1770; a list of contents added on 17 July 1772 (ff. 176 and 177) and in the catalogue compiled by the librarian of Silos, Gregorio Hernandez in 1772 (see Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992).
Rodrigo Echevarria y Briones, last Abbot of Silos (1790-1875) hid some of the books in the neighbouring villages and kept some with his personal archive after the dissolution of the monastery in 1835, when the archives were transferred to the provincial library at Burgos, according to Férotin, (Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)
The Benedictine abbey of San Martin de Madrid, a dependency of Silos, the personal archive of Echevarria was entrusted to them on his death in 1875 (see Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897). In 1877, 69 manuscripts and incunabula including the present manuscript were sold by them to a Madrid bookseller for 16000 pesetas to raise money for the rebuilding of the Benedictine Abbey of Silos (see Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' ( 1990), pp. 27-29).
Bachelin-Deflorenne, booksellers of Paris, in the sale of 55 manuscripts and 14 incunabula from the library at Silos on 1 June, 1878, lot 28;
Bernard Quaritch, London booksellers ,bought by them for 365 francs, together with 13 other Silos manuscripts; purchased from them by the British Museum, 15 June 1878 (a note on f. [i]).
Notes For detailed contents see Cabrol, Leclerq and Ferotin,Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum (1912), cols. 842-70.
Musical notation of northern Visigothic neumes added in a darker ink by a later hand in some places, though the program of notation is not complete (Vivancos in Hispania Vetus, p. 304).
Some words in Arabic (ff. 8, 15v and 24) written by the scribes who wrote the Latin.
According to Boylan 'Manuscript illumination' (1990), two 'Liber Mysticus' texts were mixed together, one written in two columns and one in one column (ff. 1-175v), with lacunae in many places and a fragment of an early 10th-century Passionary was added, with part of the Passion of St Juliana (f. 173).
Three images of saints in the inhabited initials are labelled: Peter (f. 28), John (f. 46v) and Phillip (f. 47).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), p. 120.

D. Marius Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye de Silos (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1897), no. 35, pp. 275.

F. Cabrol, H. Leclerq and M. Férotin, Le Liber Mozárabicus Sacramentorum et les Manuscrits Mozarabes, Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, 6 (Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1912), cols.842-70.

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Index scriptorum latinorum medii aevi Hispanorum, 2 vols (Madrid: Salmanticae, 1958-1959), nos. 437, 639, 641, 704.

Klaus Gamber, Codices liturgici latini antiquiores, Spicilegii Friburgensis Subsidia, I (2nd edn, Freiburg: Universita¨tsverlag Freiburg Schweiz, 1963), p. 55.

François Avril and others, Manuscrits enluminés de la péninsule ibérique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1982), p. 13.

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Codices visigoticos en la monarquia leonesa (Leon: Centro de Estudios e Investigacion San Isidoro C.S.I.C., 1983), pp. 404-05.

Ann Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination at Santo Domingo de Silos (Xth to XIIth Centuries)', (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 1990), pp. 242-44.

Rose Walker, Views of Transition: Liturgy and Illumination in Medieval Spain, (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 48-50, 259.

Augustin Millares Carlo, Corpus de códices visigóticos, 2 vols (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: UNED, 1999), I: Estudio, pp. 86-87; II: Album, no. 111.

Soledad de Silva y Verastegui, 'La miniatura en los códices de Silos' in Silos. un Mileno: Actos del Congreso Internacional sobre la Abádia de Santo Comingo de Silos, ed. by José A Fernández Flo´res, 4 vols (Burgos: University of Burgos, 2003), IV, Arte, pp. 223-24, 226.

Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco-Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries), ed. by Susana Zapke (Bilbao: BBVA Foundation, 2007), pp. 304-05.

Emma Hornby and Rebecca Maloy, Music and Meaning in Old Hispanic Lenten Chants. Psalmi, Threni and the Easter Vigil Canticles (Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2013), pp. 59-60.

* * *
Chiro monogram

f. 53
Chiro monogram

f. 84v
Vespertinum monogram

f. 163v
Vespertinum monogram

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