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Detailed record for Additional 30845

Title Liber Mysticus, Offices and Masses of the Mozarabic Liturgy
Origin Spain, N. (Burgos, ?Santo Domingo de Silos)
Date 11th century
Language Latin
Script Visigothic minuscule
Decoration Large monograms introducing the Vespertinum antiphon at the beginning of each office (ff. 1v, 5v, 8r, 13r, 24r, 27v, 29v, 38r, 42r, 47r, 48v, 52v, 56r, 64r, 71r, 74v, 81r, 84v, 96r, 100r, 107r, 110r, 112r, 118r, 127v, 130v, 134v, 139r, 144v, 150r, 152r and 160v) and initials marking sections within the offices, both decorated with ecclesiastics, human figures, animals, birds, foliate and geometric patterns in green, light brown and red. A circular motif in the margin with a bird (f. 96r). Numerous small initials and symbols with decoration in green, light brown and red.
Dimensions in mm 365 x 255mm (295 x 190mm) written in two columns
Official foliation 163 folios (ff. 162 and 163 are paper flyleaves with parchment fragments attached + 1 unfoliated modern parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 1 at the end + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the end).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown lleather over wooden boards.
Provenance The Benedictine monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos during the abbacy of Santo Domingo (1041-1073). Perhaps part of the donation of the possessions of the neighbouring abbey of St Michael and St Mary to Silos in 1056 (the office of St Michael is the most decorated in the manuscript) or copied at Silos after 1056, when the relics of St Michael became part of the property of the monastery (see Walker, Views of Transition (1998), p. 119). Perhaps in the catalogue of the 13th-century, in the catalogue compiled by Ibarette in 1770 and in the catalogue by the librarian of Silos, Gregorio Hernandez in 1772, no 30 (see Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992)) and kept in cupboard no 6: marked 'Caja 6' (f. 1r). An 18th-century list of contents is attached (f. 163r) and an inscription written in Spanish on f. 1r states that the manuscript is part of a 2 volume set 'here at Silos': 'Es de Sanctos, el de las Dominicas es de este mismo cuerpo y letra y esta aqui en Silos'; the other manuscript is now Add MS 30844.
Rodrigo Echevarria y Briones, last Abbot of Silos (1790-1875) hid some of the books in the neighbouring villages and kept some with his personal archive after the dissolution of the monastery in 1835, when the archives were transferred to the provincial library at Burgos, according to Férotin, (Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)
The Benedictine abbey of San Martin de Madrid, a dependency of Silos, the personal archive of Echevarria was entrusted to them on his death in 1875 (see Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897). In 1877, 69 manuscripts and incunabula including the present manuscript were sold by them to a Madrid bookseller for 16000 pesetas to raise money for the rebuilding of the Benedictine Abbey of Silos (see Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' ( 1990), pp. 27-29).
Bachelin-Deflorenne, booksellers of Paris, in their sale of 55 manuscripts and 14 incunabula from the library at Silos on 1 June, 1878, lot 18;
Bernard Quaritch, London booksellers, bought from Bachelin-Deflorenne with the companion volume, Add. MS 30844 for 1700 francs, together with 13 other Silos manuscripts; purchased from them by the British Museum from them (a note on f. [i]).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
ff. 1v-161v: Offices and Masses in the Mozarabic tradition for the Saints' days from 20th May (Quiricus, Quirce or Cyriacus) to 24th August (Bartholomeus or Bartholomew), including the Translatio Sancti Saturnini, and the Officium de Letianas Canonicas, incomplete after ff. 7 and 161. The saints venerated are of mixed origin, including San Pelayo of Leon and others from the southern or Ebro regions of Spain. The first quire (ff. 1-7), containing the Offices of St Cyriacus and St Jerome is perhaps from another manuscript (see Diaz and Diaz, 'Literary Aspects', 1980). f. 1r is an outer leaf with the title 'Oficeriu[m] toledanu[m', a Silos ownership inscription and the antiphon, 'Splenduit lucerna tua, Domine'. Four folios containing the Mass for St Maria (ff. 89r-92v) and two parchment strips (f. 4 containing the Creed with musical notation including unusual rythmic signs represented by the letters 'a' and 't' and f. 84 containing liturgical formulae have been added in the 11th century (see Zapke, Hispania Vetus (2007), p. 306)).
For detailed contents see Cabrol, Leclerq and Ferotin,'Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum (1912), cols. 820-42.
Musical notation with northern Visigothic neumes has been added in a darker ink by a later hand.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), p. 120.

D. Marius Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye de Silos (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1897), pp. 238, 271.

D. J. Martial Blesse, 'Histoire d'un dépot littéraire', Revue Bénédictine, 4 (1897), 210-25).

F. Cabrol, H. Leclerq, M. Férotin,Le Liber Mozárabicus Sacramentorum et les Manuscrits Mozarabes, Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, 6 (Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1912), no. 6, cols. 820-42.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-374 (p. 368).

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Index scriptorum latinorum medii aevi Hispanorum, 2 vols (Madrid: Salmanticae, 1958-1959), no. 158.

Clyde W. Brockett, Antiphons, Responsories, and Other Chants of the Mozarabic Rite, Musicological Studies, XV. New York: Institute of Mediaeval Music, 1968), p. 36.

Klaus Gamber, Codices liturgici latini antiquiores. Secunda editio aucta (Freiburg: Universita¨tsverlag Freiburg Schweiz, 1968), p. 35.

D. M. Randel, The Responsorial Psalm Tones for the Mozarabic Office (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969), p. 6.

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Codices visigoticos en la monarquia leonesa (Leon: Centro de Estudios e Investigacion San Isidoro C.S.I.C., 1983), pp. 402-04.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), I: Varianten zu Matthäus, Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, 13, p. 19*.

Ann Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination at Santo Domingo de Silos (Xth to XIIth Centuries), (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 1990), pp. 306-40.

Ann Boylan, 'The Library at Santo Domingo de Silos and its catalogues (XIth-XVIIIth Centuries)', Revue Mabillon, nouvelle série, 3 (1992), 59-102 (pp. 70, 71, 74, 89, 94).

Rose Walker, Views of Transition: Liturgy and Illumination in Medieval Spain (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 48-68, 105-11, 115, 119, 161, 259.

Augustin Millares Carlo, Corpus de códices visigóticos, 2 vols (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: UNED, 1999), I: Estudio, p. 86; II: Album, no. 110.

Soledad de Silva y Verastegui, 'La miniatura en los códices de Silos' in Silos. un Mileno: Actos del Congreso Internacional sobre la Abádia de Santo Comingo de Silos, ed. by José A Fernández Flo´res, 4 vols (Burgos: University of Burgos, 2003), IV, Arte, pp.220-22, 225, 228.

Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco-Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries), ed. by Susana Zapke (Bilbao: BBVA Foundation, 2007), pp. 306-07.


Images
* * *
 
The Credo

f. 4
The Credo
Monogram with birds

f. 13
Monogram with birds
Monogram with four birds

f. 13
Monogram with four birds
 
John the Baptist

f. 19
John the Baptist
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul

f. 29v
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
Seated figure holding a banner

f. 29v
Seated figure holding a banner
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 29v
Zoomorphic initial
 Saints Justa and Rufina and two doves

f. 42
Saints Justa and Rufina and two doves
 Saints Justa and Rufina and two doves

f. 42
Saints Justa and Rufina and two doves
 
Seated figure

f. 56
Seated figure
Seated figure

f. 56
Seated figure
Seated bishop with hands raised

f. 56
Seated bishop with hands raised
 
Two standing figures

f. 64
Two standing figures
Two standing figures

f. 64
Two standing figures
Standing figure with crozier

f. 81
Standing figure with crozier
 
Feast of St Martin

f. 81
Feast of St Martin
Two birds

f. 81
Two birds
The Assumption

f. 83v
The Assumption
 
Standing figure

f. 83v
Standing figure
Saint Gines

f. 96
Saint Gines
Feast of St Augustine

f. 100
Feast of St Augustine
 
Seated figure with a banner

f. 100
Seated figure with a banner
Decorated initial

f. 100
Decorated initial
Cosmas and Damian

f. 130v
Cosmas and Damian
 
Feast of St Bartholomew

f. 160v
Feast of St Bartholomew
Standing figure with staff

f. 160v
Standing figure with staff

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