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Detailed record for Additional 24199

ff. 2-38 
Author Aurelius Prudentius
Title Psychomachia, with interlinear and marginal glosses
 
ff. 39-89 
Author Hildebert of Lavardin; Marbod of Rennes
Title De misterio missae (f. 39), De querimonia et conflictu carnis et animae (f. 45v), Vita metrica S. Mariae Aegyptiacae (f. 49v); Poems and other works, including Liber lapidum (f. 56), De ornamentis verborum (f. 61), Vitae Laurence, Maurice, and Thais (f. 62v); Vita Machometi (f. 82)
 
ff. 90-91 
Title Sanctus with musical notation
 
Origin England, S.
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Artists Drawings by three different artists at different dates (see Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (1976).
Decoration 91 framed ink drawings (ff. 2-37v), some partially coloured (ff.12v, 20v) and some unfinished; initials in red, green or blue, some with decoration in another colour.
Dimensions in mm 320 x 230 (230/45 x 120/50)
Official foliation ff. 91 (f. 1 is a parchment flyleaf and f. 91 is a fragment of a parchment leaf mounted on a half-size piece of parchment + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600, Brown calf leather with gold tooling.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Edmund, King and Martyr, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, in the 14th century: the pressmark 'P.123' (f. 2).
Notes in a hand of the 16th century, including 'Videtur hoc carmen scriptum in laudem Mariae et Philippi' (f. 76).
Archbishop Tenison, his sale, Sotheby's, 1 July 1861, lot 74 (note on f. [ii]), bought by the British Museum.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Psychomachia, the late Antique poem by Aurelius Prudentius Clemens (348-405) depicts the struggle of personified virtues and vices for possession of the human soul. It was widely copied and glossed in the Middle Ages. The glosses are divided into two groups: the Weitz and the Valenciennes tradition. The glosses in the present manuscript are in the Valenciennes tradition, and the illustration cycle is related to that of Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 23 and Cotton Cleopatra C. VIII.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the years 1854-1875, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1877), II, p. 21.

Walter De Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

Richard Stettiner, Die Illustrierten Prudentius-Handschriften, 2 vols (Berlin: Grotesche, 1905), no. Lo1.

Helen Woodruff, The Illustrated Manuscripts of Prudentius (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1930), p. 9.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), pp. 186, 251.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 16.

Charles R. Dodwell, Painting in Europe: 800 to 1200 (London : Penguin Books, 1971), p. 83.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 51, p. 18.

Elizabeth Parker McLachlan, The Scriptorium of Bury St. Edmunds in the Twelfth Century (New York: Garland Publishing, 1986), p. 323.

Gernot R Wieland, 'The Anglo-Saxon manuscripts of Prudentius's Psychomachia' Anglo-Saxon England, 16 (1987), 213-31 (p. 216).

T. A. Heslop, 'The Production of De Luxe Manuscripts and the Patronage of King Cnut and Queen Emma', Anglo-Saxon England, 19 (1990), 151-98 (p. 164).

Gernot R.. Wieland, ‘The Origin and Development of the Anglo-Saxon Psychomachia Illustrations’, Anglo-Saxon England, 26 (1997), 169-86, online at [http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0263675100002155],

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001) no. 285 (ff. 2-38).

Sinéad O'Sullivan, Early medieval glosses on Prudentius' Psychomachia : the Weitz tradition (Leiden: Brill, 2004), p. 29.

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), no. 120.

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 9.


Images

ff. 2-38
Aurelius Prudentius Psychomachia, with interlinear and marginal glosses
* * *
 
Abraham

f. 2v
Abraham
Abraham victorious

f. 3
Abraham victorious
Detail of text with interlinear glosses

f. 5
Detail of text with interlinear glosses
 
Fides and Veterum Cultura Deorum

f. 5
Fides and Veterum Cultura Deorum
Lady Faith; Prudentia and Lust

f. 5v
Lady Faith; Prudentia and Lust
Superbia on horseback

f. 12
Superbia on horseback
 
Superbia with Humility and Hope

f. 12v
Superbia with Humility and Hope
Detail of text and gloss

f. 14v
Detail of text and gloss
Detail of text and interlinear glosses

f. 14v
Detail of text and interlinear glosses
 
Indulgence; Pride

f. 18
Indulgence; Pride
Superbia thrown into a ditch

f. 20
Superbia thrown into a ditch
Ostentation

f. 21v
Ostentation
 
Avarice and the careless man

f. 24
Avarice and the careless man

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