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Detailed record for Additional 15243

Title Apocalypse in prose
Origin Germany, Central (Thuringia, possibly Erfurt)
Date c.1350-c.1370
Language German
Script Gothic
Decoration 14 full-page miniatures in colours with gold and silver (ff. 2v, 4, 10,12, 15,, 19, 21, 23, 25, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36). A large initial in gold outline, with zoomorphic penwork decoration in red and blue, and foliate pen-flourishing in gold (f. 3). 14 initials in gold. Initials in red or green, some with pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 345 x 255 (255 x 160).
Official foliation ff. 39 (f. 1 is a paper slip containing notes in German in a 15th/16th-century hand pasted to the inside upper binding; +1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at beginning and 1 at the end; f. 39 is half a leaf).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Blind-tooled pig-skin, with two brass clasps engraved with leaves attached to rear.
Provenance Prince Augustus Frederick (b. 1773, d. 1843), duke of Sussex: his sale, 31 July 1844, lot 81, bought by Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller, for the British Museum (note on f. 1r).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Binding: Kyriss workshop no. 93; Einbanddatenbank (Binding Database) no. W000112 (http://www.hist-einband.de/). Erfurt, Thuringia; 1490-1520. Blind-tooled pig-skin, with two brass clasps engraved with leaves attached to rear. Features motifs 1, 4, 6, 8 and maybe 2 in Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbande, 4 vols in 1 (1951-58), 2: Tafelband, p. 70.
Select bibliography Thomas J. Pettigrew, Bibliotheca Sussexiana: A Descriptive Catalogue, Accompanied by Historical and Biographical Notices, of the Manuscripts and Printed Books Contained in the Library of His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex in Kensington Palace, 2 vols (London: Longman & Co., 1827-39), I, pt 1, pp. ccxlii-ccxliii.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1841-1845 (London: Printed by Order of the Trustees, 1850), List of Additions to the Department of Manuscripts, 1844, p. 118.

O. Behaghel, 'Zwei deutsche Übersetzungen der Offenbarung Johannis', Zeitschrift für deutsches Alterthum und deutsche Litteratur, 22 (1878), 97-142 (pp. 128-36).

Leopold Delisle and Paul Meyer, L'Apocalypse en français au XIIIe sie`cle (Bibl. Nat. Fr. 403) (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1901), p. cxxxviii (no. 52).

Robert Priebsch, Deutsche Handschriften in England, 2 vols (in 1 vol.) (Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1979), II: Das British Museum mit einem Anhang über die Guildhall-Bibliothek (first publ. as 2 vols: Erlangen: Fr. Junge, 1896-1901), p. 132.

W.H. James and Lawrence Taylor, Early Stamped Bookbindings in the British Museum: Descriptions of 385 blind-stamped bindings in the Departments of Manuscripts and Printed Books (London: British Museum, 1922), p. 111 (no. 246), pl. xviii (15).

M.R. James, The Apocalypse in Latin: MS 10 in the Collection of Dyson Perrins, F.S.A. (Oxford: University Press, 1927), p. 45.

M.R. James, The Apocalypse in Art: The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy (London: Published for the British Academy by H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1931), p. 13.

Wilhelm Neuß, 'Die ikonographischen Wurzeln von divers Apokalypse', in Sonderdruck aus Volkstum und Kulturpolitik: Eine Sammlung von Aufsätzen: Gewidmet George Schreiber zum 50. Geburtstag (Cologne: Gilde, 1932), p. 4.

Arthur Thomas Hatto, 'Eine deutsche Apokalypse des 14. Jahrhunderts', in Neue Texte zur Bibelverdeutschung des Mittelalters, ed. by Hans Vollmer, Bibel und deutsche Kultur, 6 (Potsdam: [n. pub.], 1936), pp. 175-99, table 1.

Ernst Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbande im alten deutschen Sprachgebiet, 4 vols (Stuttgart: Max Hettler, 1951-1958), II (1956), p. 70.

Die Parler und der schöne Stil, 1350-1400: Europäische Kunst unter den Luxemburgern, Ein Handbuch zur Ausstellung des Schnütgeb-Museums in der Kunsthalle Köln, ed. by Anton Legner, 5 vols (Cologne: Museen der Stadt Köln, 1978), III, p. 202.

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 42 (1986), 443-72 (p. 447, no. 126).

Katalog der deutschsprachigen illustrierten Handschriften des Mittelalters by Hella Frühmorgen-Voss, Norbert H. Ott, Ulrike Bodemann and Gisela Fischer-Heetfeld, 6 vols (Munich: C.H. Beck, 1991), I:4, pp. 244-46 (no. 6.2.4) and App. 132, 133.

Robert Suckale, Die Hofkunst Kaiser Ludwigs des Bayern (Munich: Hirmer, 1993), pp. 161, 199.

Carola Redzich, 'Aspekte produktiver Rezeption von Bibelübersetzung: Überlieferungs- und Gebrauchszusammenhänge der Johannesapokalypse im bairisch-fränkischen Raum', in Metamorphosen der Bibel, ed. by Ralf Plate and Andrea Rapp (2002/2003) (Bern: Lang, 2004), p. 166n.

Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation, 962 bis 1806: Von Otto dem Grossen bis zum Ausgang des Mittelalters , ed. by Matthias Puhle and Claus-Peter Hasse, 29 Ausstellung des Europarates in Magdeburg und Berlin und Landesausstellung Sachsen-Anhalt, 2 vols (Dresden: Sandstein, 2006), II, pp. 380-83.

Carola Redzich, Apocalypsis Joannis tot habet sacramenta quot verba: Studien zu Sprache, Überlieferung und Rezeption hochdeutscher Apokalypseübersetzungen des späten Mittelalters, Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen zur deutschen Literatur des Mittelalters, 137 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010), pp. 172, 475-89, 597-99.

Nigel Morgan, ‘Latin and vernacular Apocalypses’, in The New Cambridge History of the Bible, 4 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012- ), II: From 600 to 1450, ed. by Richard Marsden and E. Ann Matter (2012), pp. 404-26 (p. 417).

Ludwig der Bayer: Wir sind Kaiser!, ed. by Peter Wolf and others, Katalog zur Bayerischen Landesausstellung 2014, Regensburg Minoritenkirche, St. Ulrich am Dom, Domkreuzgang, 16. Mai bis 2. November 2014 (Regensburg: Schnell and Steiner, 2014), p. 272 (no. 5.30).


Images
* * *
 
St John on Patmos

f. 2v
St John on Patmos
Decorated initial

f. 3
Decorated initial
Christ with a  key

f. 4
Christ with a key
 
Decorated initial

f. 8v
Decorated initial
The Temple, the Ark, the Woman and the Dragon

f. 19
The Temple, the Ark, the Woman and the Dragon
The Woman and the Dragon

f. 21
The Woman and the Dragon
 
Kings, soldiers and the Lamb; the angel

f. 23
Kings, soldiers and the Lamb; the angel
Christ and the grape harvest

f. 25
Christ and the grape harvest
Rider, angel and birds; the Virgin

f. 32
Rider, angel and birds; the Virgin
 
The Key of Hell

f. 34
The Key of Hell
Judgement

f. 35
Judgement
The Holy City and Apostles

f. 36
The Holy City and Apostles
 

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