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Detailed record for King's 21

Author Marcus Tullius Cicero
Title Philippics
Origin Italy
Date 1st half of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Semi-humanistic
Decoration 1 large blue initial with later added foliate decoration, and an added full foliate border, in colours and gold, perhaps 18th century, and added arms of the Gonzaga family of Venice (f. 2). Large initials in plain red or blue at the beginning of the other orations.
Dimensions in mm 245 x 175 (160 x 95)
Official foliation ff. 96 (+ 2 paper and 1 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 1 parchment and 2 paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation ii-ix10 (ff. 1-90); x6 (ff. 91-96).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 'Consul' Smith binding of Venetian sprinkled calf; the covers with added gilt-stamped insignia of George III; marbled endpapers; gilt edges.
Provenance Ambrosius Contareni, 16th century: ownership inscription with contents note (f. 1, partially erased).
A member of the Gonzaga family of Venice?: arms per bend argent and sable, an eagle displayed counterchanged, crowned or, surmounted with a seven-pointed coronet, added between the last quarter of the 17th century and the first quarter of the 18th century (f. 2).
Joseph Smith (b. 1673/4?, d. 1770), book collector and patron of the arts: his binding; listed in his catalogue (see Bibliotheca Smithiana seu catalogus librorum Josephi Smithii Angli per cognomina authorum dispositus (Venice: Pasquali, 1755), p. cxiv, col. Ii); sold to King George III, along with the bulk of Smith's library and art collection, in 1762.
King George III (b. 1738, d. 1820).
Given to the British Museum by King George IV in 1823 as part of the library of King George III.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), III: Description of the King’s Manuscripts and Indexes to both Collections, p. 8.

Frances Vivian, The Consul Smith Collection: Masterpieces of Italian Drawing from the Royal Library, Windsor, Raphael to Canaletto (Munich: Hirmer, 1989), p. 43 n. 96.


Images
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Decorated initial, arms, and full border

f. 2
Decorated initial, arms, and full border
Detail

f. 2
Detail
Detail

f. 2
Detail
 

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