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Detailed record for Additional 30850

Title Antiphonal of the Roman Liturgy including the office for Abbot Santo Domingo of Silos
Origin Spain, N. (Burgos, Silos)
Date 4th quarter of the 11th century of 1st quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Visigothic minuscule
Artists Three artists including Petrus, the artist who worked on the Silos Apocalypse, Add MS 11695 (Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' (1990), pp. 127, 249).
Decoration 23 large initials or monographs with zoomorphic, interlace and foliate decoration and display capitals in red and brown, some with blue or yellow (ff. 6, 6v, 22v, 31v, 51v, 63, 76v, 80, 89v, 93, 105v, 123v, 127, 129v, 132v, 145, 158, 161v, 168 (unfinished), 171v, 186, 188v, 206v). Initials or monograms with penwork decoration in colours, some with zoomorphic elements (e.g., f. 101v, 112). Display capitals in brown and red or brown and blue. Numerous small initials in red, brown or blue. Spaces left for initials. Musical notation.
Dimensions in mm 330 x 245 (240 x 170/5)
Official foliation ff. 243 (ff. 242-243 are paper leaves; + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation i4 (ff. 1-4), ii-xviii8 (ff. 5-140), xix6 (ff. 141-146), xx-xviii8 (ff. 147-218), xix-xx4 (ff. 219-226), xxi8 (ff. 227-234), xxii8-1(ff. 235-241).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1965.
Provenance The Benedictine monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos, contains the office of Santo Domingo, Abbot of Silos (r. 1041-1073), who was cannonised in 1076 (ff. 223-26); kept in cupboard no 8: labelled 'Cajon 8' on f. 6, in the catalogue compiled by Ibarette in 1770; with a table of contents added (ff. 242-243) and in the catalogue compiled by the librarian of Silos, Gregorio Hernandez in 1772 (see Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992)).
Rodrigo Echevarria y Briones, last Abbot of Silos (1790-1875) hid some of the books in the neighbouring villages and kept some with his personal archive after the dissolution of the monastery in 1835, when the archives were transferred to the provincial library at Burgos, according to Férotin, (Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)).
The Benedictine abbey of San Martin de Madrid, a dependency of Silos, the personal archive of Echevarria was entrusted to them on his death in 1875 (see Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897). In 1877, 69 manuscripts and incunabula including the present manuscript were sold by them to a Madrid bookseller for 16 000 pesetas to raise money for the rebuilding of the Benedictine Abbey of Silos (see Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' ( 1990), pp. 27-29).
Bachelin-Deflorenne, booksellers of Paris, in their sale of 55 manuscripts and 14 incunabula from the library at Silos on 1 June, 1878, lot 17.
Bernard Quaritch, London booksellers, bought by them for 1750 francs, together with 13 other Silos manuscripts; purchased by the British Museum from Quaritch, 15 June 1878: a note on (f [vi]).
Notes Contents:
ff. 1-4: Leaves from a liturgical work with the text erased and the dedication rite for a church written over this;
ff. 5-222: Antiphonary, imperfect: the offices of the latter part of September and the beginning of October are missing (?one quire lacking after f. 170);
ff. 223-226: Office of Santo Domingo;
ff. 227-234: Offices of other saints;
ff. 235-241: Tonal with parts of the Office of Martin written over.
Dates from the period when the Spanish liturgy had been replaced by the Franco-Roman rite.
The musical neumes are Visigothic and the melodies are from the Gregorian repertoire.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), p. 120.

D. Marius Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye de Silos (Paris: Léroux,1897), pp. 276-77.

D. J. Martial Blesse, 'Histoire d'un dépot littéraire', Revue Bénédictine, 4 (1897), 210-25).

Antoine Bachelin-Deflorenne, Catalogue de livres rares et de manuscrits du Ixe au XVIIIe siècle (1878), pl. 6.

Initials and miniatures of the IXth, Xth and XIth centuries, from the Mozarabic Manuscripts of Santo Domingo de Silos in the British Museum, ed. by Archer Milton Huntington (New York: n.p., 1904).

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-74 (p. 368 n. 197).

Ismael Fernandez de la Cuesta, ‘Notas paleograficas al antifonario silence del Museo Britanico (Mss Add. 30,850)’, Homenaje a fray Justo Perez de Urbel 1, Studia Silensia, 3 (Burgos: University of Burgos-Abadia de Silos, 1976), 233-56.

François Avril and others, Manuscrits enluminés de la péninsule ibérique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1982), pp. 19, 24.

Antiphonale silense: British Library Ms. Add. 30.850, ed. by Ismael Fernandez de la Cuesta (Madrid: Sociedad Española de Musicología, 1985) [Facsimile].

Ann Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination at Santo Domingo de Silos (Xth to XIIth Centuries)', (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 1990), pp. 127, 247-50,

Ann Boylan, 'The Library at Santo Domingo de Silos and its catalogues (XIth-XVIIIth Centuries)', Revue Mabillon, nouvelle série, 3 (1992), 59-102 (pp 69, 71, 72, 90, 92).

Rose Walker, Views of Transition: Liturgy and Illumination in Medieval Spain, (London: British Library, 1998), p. 79.

Augustin Millares Carlo, Corpus de códices visigóticos, 2 vols (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: UNED, 1999), I: Estudio, p. 87; II: Album, no. 114.

Michelle P. Brown, The Lindisfarne Gospels: Society, Spirituality and the Scribe (London: British Library, 2003), pp. 49-50.

José Manuel Ruiz Asencio, 'Codices Pirenaicos y Riojanos en la Biblioteca de Silos en el Siglo XI' in Silos: un Mileno: Actos del Congreso Internacional sobre la Abádia de Santo Domingo de Silos, ed. by José A Fernández Flo´res, 4 vols (Burgos: University of Burgos, 2003), II, pp. 177-210 (p. 193).

Ann Boylan, 'The Silos Beatus and the Silos Scriptorium, in Church, State, Vellum, and Stone: Essays on Medieval Spain in Honor of John Williams, ed. by Therese Martin and Julie A. Harris, The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World, 26 (Leiden: Brill, 2005), pp. 173-233 (p. 178).

Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco-Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries), ed. by Susana Zapke (Bilbao: BBVA Foundation, 2007), pp. 278-79.

Emma Hornby and Rebecca Maloy, Music and Meaning in Old Hispanic Lenten Chants. Psalmi, Threni and the Easter Vigil Canticles (Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2013), pp. 315, 317, 322, 324.


Images
* * *
 
Playing music

f. 3v
Playing music
Zoomorphic monogram

f. 101
Zoomorphic monogram
Animal with leaf decoration in its mouth

f. 101
Animal with leaf decoration in its mouth
 
Easter monogram

f. 105v
Easter monogram
Chi-rho monogram

f. 171v
Chi-rho monogram
Chi-rho monogram

f. 171v
Chi-rho monogram
 
Office of Santo Domingo

f. 223v
Office of Santo Domingo
Office of Santo Domingo

f. 226v
Office of Santo Domingo

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