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Detailed record for Royal 15 D III

Part 1 ff. 1-144v 
Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale, the early version
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Scribe Petrus Gilberti
Artists workshop of Master of the Boucicaut Hours, Master of Egerton 1070, Follower of the Master of the Breviary of Jean sans Peur, Virgil Master
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold, at the beginning of the text (f. 3), and 29 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with foliate initials in colours and gold, and full borders of vine scrolls with drolleries, at the beginning of each book and the prologue (ff. 1, 3v-5, 6, 9v, 12, 15v, 27, 30v, 40, 48, 62, 69v, 78, 82v, 85, 97, 103, 112, 115, 124, 130v, 134v, 138v). Some miniatures with sketches for illuminators (ff. 9v, 12). 2 large foliate initials in colours and gold with full borders (ff. 6v, 131). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white, with foliate extensions. Running titles in gold letters on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue, rose and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 455 x 340 (300 x 220)
 
Part 2 ff. 145-284v 
Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale, the early version
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 24 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with foliate initials in colours and gold, and full borders of vine scrols with drolleries, at the beginning of each book (ff. 152, 170, 180, 193v, 197, 202v, 209, 219v, 220v, 232, 236, 239, 243v, 244v, 245v, 248v, 252, 256v, 259, 262, 265, 268, 271, 274v). Some miniatures with sketches for illuminators (ff. 201v, 259, 262, 268, 271), or written instructions (f. 219v). 1 large foliate initials in colours and gold with a full border (259v). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decotration in white, with foliate extensions. Running titles in gold letters on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue, rose and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 455 x 340 (300 x 220)
 
Part 3 ff. 285-412v 
Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale, the early version
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold, at the beginning of the text (f. 285), 23 and one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with foliate initials in colours and gold, and full borders of vine scrols with drolleries, at the beginning of each book (ff. 294v, 297v, 299, 305, 321, 340v, 361v, 363v, 366v, 383v, 391, 394, 395v, 398, 398v, 399v, 401v, 402v, 403v, 405, 406, 409v, 410v). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decotration in white, with foliate extensions. Running titles in gold letters on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue, rose and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 455 x 340 (300 x 220)
 
Part 4 ff. 413-532 
Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale, the early version
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold, at the beginning of Matthew (f. 432), and 26 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with foliate initials in colours and gold, and full borders of vine scrols with drolleries, at the beginning of each book (ff. 422v, 445v, 455, 470v, 481v, 486v, 491, 494, 496, 497v, 498v, 500, 501, 501v, 503, 504, 506, 509, 520v, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531). Some miniatures with sketches for illuminators (ff. 470v) or written instructions (ff. 494, 496, 500, 531, 531v, 532). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decotration in white, with foliate extensions. Running titles in gold letters on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue, rose and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 455 x 340 (300 x 220)
 
Official foliation ff. 144 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flylef at the beginning and 2 at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning), ff. 139 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end), ff. 127 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end), 119 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house, with gilded edges. Rebound in 1957.
Provenance Peter Gilbert (Petrus Gilberti), illuminator, notary and libraire of the University of Paris (c. 1415-1421), illuminated (secondary decoration?) by him: inscribed in the decorative line-filler 'pe/trus gilberti me fecit' (f. 15v); other manuscripts signed by him in a similar way are: Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale 9001-9002, 9484, Ithaca, Cornell University Library Bd. Rare BY C36 H835, Yale, Beinecke Library 400.
John Grey, count of Tancarville in Normandy (b. 1384-91, d. 1421), soldier and diplomat, and his wife Joanna (b. 1400, d. 1425), heiress of Sir Edward Charlton of Powys (d. 1425), perhaps connected with them, or with Humfrey, duke of Gloucester, whose illigitimate daughter, Antigone, married Henry Grey, John's son: inscribed 'My lady Powys I yow pray / raymambayre me wayn yow / may', 15th century (f. 111v).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 787' (f. 1), included in the inventory of books in the Upper Library at Westminster of 1542; and probably in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Bound In four volumes: vol. 1 (ff. 1-144), vol. 2 (ff. 145-284v), vol. 3 (ff. 285-412), vol. 4 (ff. 413-532), originally probably in two (ff. 1-284 and 285-532).
Contains the early version of the Bible Historiale, a French adaptation of Peter Comestor's Historia scholastica by Guyart des Moulins made in 1291-95.
Illuminated by several artist. According to Meiss 1968, the majority of illuminations is by the Master of Egerton 1070 and his workshop, with participation of the workshop of the Master of the Boucicaut Hours, the Virgil Master, and a follower of the Master of the Breviary of Jean sans Peur.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 13.

Samuel Berger, La Bible franc¸aise au moyen a^ge: E´tude sur les plus anciennes versions de la Bible e´crites en prose de langue d’oi¨l (Paris, 1884), pp. 206, 218, 387.

H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 6).

L’Apocalypse en franc¸ais au XIIIe sie`cle (Bibl. Nat. Fr. 403), ed. by L. Delisle and P. Meyer (Paris: Socie´te´ des Anciens Textes Franc¸ais, 1901), p. CCXLV.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 172-73.

Paolo d'Ancona and Erhard Aeschlimann, Dictionnaire des miniaturistes du moyen a^ge et de la renaissance dans les diffe´rentes contre´es de l’Europe (Milan: Hoepli, 1949), p. 169.

Rosy Schilling, 'The Master of Egerton 1070 (Hours of Rene d'Anjou)', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 8 (1954) 272-82 (pp. 274-77, figs 28 a, b, c, 29 a, b).

Millard Meiss, Kathleen Morand and Edith W. Kirsch, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Boucicaut Master, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 3 (London: Phaidon, 1968), pp. 96-99 [with additional bibliography].

Millard Meiss, Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), I, pp. 376, 408, 410.

Barbara A. Shailor, Catalogue of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, 4 vols (Binghamton, N.Y.: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1984), II, p. 279.

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500 III', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 42 (1986), 443-72, no. 163.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 186.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), II, p. 112.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.514.

Nicolas Bell Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), half-title page.

I. Villela-Petit, 'Devises de Charles VI dans les Heures Mazarines: La presonnalisation d'un manuscrit', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 55 (2001) 80-92 (p. 84, n. 18).

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 13.

The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 107 n. 4 [exhibition catalogue].

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 141.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-144v
Guyart des Moulins Bible historiale, the early version
* * *
 
Peter Comestor

f. 1
Peter Comestor
Garden of Eden

f. 3
Garden of Eden
God with his compasses

f. 3v
God with his compasses
 
Creation of the earth

f. 4
Creation of the earth
Creation of the seas

f. 4v
Creation of the seas
Creation of rivers and the sun and moon

f. 5
Creation of rivers and the sun and moon
 
God introducing Adam to the animals

f. 6
God introducing Adam to the animals
Expulsion from Paradise

f. 9v
Expulsion from Paradise
Building of the Ark

f. 12
Building of the Ark
 
Tower of Babel

f. 15v
Tower of Babel
Building of the Tower of Babel

f. 15v
Building of the Tower of Babel
Jacob's ladder

f. 27
Jacob's ladder
 
Joseph placed in the well

f. 31v
Joseph placed in the well
Pharoah giving tasks to the Israelites

f. 40
Pharoah giving tasks to the Israelites
Exodus from Egypt

f. 48
Exodus from Egypt
 
Exodus from Egypt

f. 48
Exodus from Egypt
Offerings at the altar

f. 62
Offerings at the altar
God speaking to Moses

f. 69v
God speaking to Moses
 
Israelites

f. 78
Israelites
Israelites at the Red Sea

f. 78
Israelites at the Red Sea
Israelites at the Red Sea

f. 78
Israelites at the Red Sea
 
Offerings at the altar

f. 82v
Offerings at the altar
Offerings at the altar

f. 82v
Offerings at the altar
Moses

f. 85
Moses
 
Moses and the Tablets of the Law

f. 85
Moses and the Tablets of the Law
Joshua leading the Israelites

f. 97
Joshua leading the Israelites
Capture of Adonibezek

f. 103
Capture of Adonibezek
 
Capture of Adonibezek

f. 103
Capture of Adonibezek
Prayer of Hannah

f. 112
Prayer of Hannah
Prayer of Hannah

f. 112
Prayer of Hannah
 
The anointing of Saul

f. 115
The anointing of Saul
The anointing of Saul

f. 115
The anointing of Saul
Amelekite relating the death of Saul

f. 124
Amelekite relating the death of Saul
 
Death of Absalom

f. 130v
Death of Absalom
Anointing of Solomon

f. 134v
Anointing of Solomon
Building of the Temple

f. 138v
Building of the Temple
 
Building of the Temple

f. 138v
Building of the Temple

Part  2   ff. 145-284v
Guyart des Moulins Bible historiale, the early version
* * *
 
Elijah

f. 152
Elijah
Tree of Jesse

f. 170
Tree of Jesse
Prayer of Solomon

f. 180
Prayer of Solomon
 
Edict of Cyrus

f. 193v
Edict of Cyrus
Edict of Cyrus

f. 193v
Edict of Cyrus
Nehemiah inquires of the Jews

f. 197
Nehemiah inquires of the Jews
 
Sacrifice of Josiah

f. 202v
Sacrifice of Josiah
God, Satan, and Job

f. 209
God, Satan, and Job
Job and his friends

f. 219v
Job and his friends
 
Raphael, Tobias and Tobit

f. 220v
Raphael, Tobias and Tobit
Gedaliah receiving Ishmael

f. 225
Gedaliah receiving Ishmael
Gedaliah receiving Ishmael

f. 225
Gedaliah receiving Ishmael
 
Susanna being accused by the elders

f. 232
Susanna being accused by the elders
Rebuilding of Jerusalem

f. 236
Rebuilding of Jerusalem
Death of Holofernes

f. 239
Death of Holofernes
 
Ahasueras and Esther

f. 243v
Ahasueras and Esther
Artaxerxes sending a letter

f. 244v
Artaxerxes sending a letter
Artaxerxes sending a letter

f. 244v
Artaxerxes sending a letter
 
Ahasueras and Esther

f. 245v
Ahasueras and Esther
Ochus sending Vagosus

f. 248v
Ochus sending Vagosus
David playing his harp

f. 252
David playing his harp
 
David praying to the Lord

f. 256v
David praying to the Lord
Fool

f. 262
Fool
Fool

f. 262
Fool
 
David drowning

f. 265
David drowning
David playing the bells

f. 268
David playing the bells
David and singers

f. 271
David and singers
 
God and Christ

f. 274v
God and Christ

Part  3   ff. 285-412v
Guyart des Moulins Bible historiale, the early version
* * *
 
Solomon dictating the Proverbs

f. 285
Solomon dictating the Proverbs
Solomon dictating the Proverbs

f. 285
Solomon dictating the Proverbs
The Preacher

f. 294v
The Preacher
 
The Preacher

f. 294v
The Preacher
The bride and bridegroom

f. 297v
The bride and bridegroom
Justice enthroned

f. 299
Justice enthroned
 
Teacher and disciple

f. 305
Teacher and disciple
Isaiah prophesying to the Jews

f. 321
Isaiah prophesying to the Jews
Jeremiah and two men with a saw

f. 340v
Jeremiah and two men with a saw
 
Jeremiah lamenting

f. 361v
Jeremiah lamenting
Baruch reading the book

f. 363v
Baruch reading the book
Ezechiel and the four wheels

f. 366v
Ezechiel and the four wheels
 
Daniel receiving a book from God

f. 383v
Daniel receiving a book from God
Birth of Jezreel

f. 391
Birth of Jezreel
Joel and trumpeters

f. 394
Joel and trumpeters
 
Joel and trumpeters

f. 394
Joel and trumpeters
Amos and Damascus

f. 395v
Amos and Damascus
Jonah and the gourd

f. 398
Jonah and the gourd
 
Jonah

f. 398v
Jonah
Jonah

f. 398v
Jonah
Micah

f. 399v
Micah
 
Nahum

f. 401v
Nahum
Habbakuk crying to God

f. 402v
Habbakuk crying to God
Habbakuk crying to God

f. 402v
Habbakuk crying to God
 
Zephaniah

f. 403v
Zephaniah
Haggar and Zerubbabel

f. 405
Haggar and Zerubbabel
Vision of Zechariah

f. 406
Vision of Zechariah
 
Polluted offerings

f. 409v
Polluted offerings
Wars of the Machabees

f. 410v
Wars of the Machabees

Part  4   ff. 413-532
Guyart des Moulins Bible historiale, the early version
* * *
 
The letter delivered

f. 422v
The letter delivered
Matthew and the Tree of Jesse

f. 432
Matthew and the Tree of Jesse
Mark

f. 445v
Mark
 
John

f. 470v
John
Paul

f. 481v
Paul
Paul

f. 481v
Paul
 
Paul sending a letter

f. 486v
Paul sending a letter
Paul reproving the Corinthians

f. 491
Paul reproving the Corinthians
Paul reproving the Corinthians

f. 491
Paul reproving the Corinthians
 
Paul and three men

f. 494
Paul and three men
Paul speaking to children

f. 496
Paul speaking to children
Paul speaking to the Philippians

f. 497v
Paul speaking to the Philippians
 
Paul speaking to the Colossians

f. 498v
Paul speaking to the Colossians
Paul speaking to the Colossians

f. 498v
Paul speaking to the Colossians
Paul speaking to the Thessalonians

f. 500
Paul speaking to the Thessalonians
 
Paul speaking to the Thessalonians

f. 501v
Paul speaking to the Thessalonians
Paul speaking to a group of men

f. 503
Paul speaking to a group of men
Paul speaking to a group of men

f. 503
Paul speaking to a group of men
 
Paul speaking to a child

f. 504
Paul speaking to a child
Paul speaking to Philemon, Apphia, and Archippus

f. 506
Paul speaking to Philemon, Apphia, and Archippus
Winged grotesque

f. 506
Winged grotesque
 
Pentecost

f. 509
Pentecost
James sending a letter

f. 520v
James sending a letter
John on Patmos

f. 526
John on Patmos
 
The Lamb with the Book

f. 527
The Lamb with the Book
Seven angels before the throne

f. 528
Seven angels before the throne
John, the woman, the dragon and the Beast

f. 529
John, the woman, the dragon and the Beast
 
John, the whore, and the angel with vials

f. 530
John, the whore, and the angel with vials
John and the angel

f. 531
John and the angel
John and the new Jerusalem

f. 531v
John and the new Jerusalem
 
River of crystal, the angel, and John

f. 532
River of crystal, the angel, and John

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