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Detailed record for Lansdowne 451

Title Pontifical; Tabula
Origin England
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists According to Scott 1996, some initials in part of the manuscript were illuminated by 'Illustrator A' working in a provincial centre c. 1400.
Decoration 14 full borders in colours and gold, usually with knots, leaves, heads, animals, and/or hybrid creatures (ff. 5, 15, 16v, 33, 37v, 45v, 63v, 72, 76v, 78v, 82v, 96, 136v, 198). Numerous partial or 3-sided borders in colours and gold, with foliate and floriate forms, and, from ff. 5-128, many with hybrid or animal creatures. Numerous historiated initials or decorated in colours and gold, often with human heads, animal heads, or leaves or flowers. 10 marginal images in colours and gold of animals, people, or hybrids (ff. 6, 6v, 7, 7v, 8v, 9, 12, 89v, 123v, 127). Large and small initials in gold with blue (or from f. 131, purple) penwork decoration, and in blue with red penwork decoration. Large initials in brown ink with brown and sometimes red penwork decoration, or in red with red penwork decoration, some with faces, animals, or hybrids (e.g., ff. 118v, 140v). Line fillers in gold and blue. Decorated quire signatures. (The illumination to f. 130 was completed in one phase, and the remainder in a later phase.)
Dimensions in mm 360 x 230 (240 x 135)
Official foliation ff. 249 ( + 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Collation i8 (ff. 5-12), ii6 (ff. 13-18), ii-xxx8 (ff. 19-242), xxxi6 (ff. 243-248), xxxii one (f. 249).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance Perhaps written for a bishop of London, such as Robert de Braybroke (d. 1404) or Roger Walden (d. 1406): the see of London mentioned (see Lowden 2003 p. 44).
? The Benedictine abbey of Sts Mary and Egwin, Evesham, Worcestershire: inscription written by James West that 'This Curious MS was bought of Old Mr Fowler at Evesham and formerly belonged to the abbey by Mr Somers when a councill on the Oxford Circuit and was afterward bought by James West at Sr Joseph Jekylls auction after his death . . . ' (f. 2).
ff. 3-4v contain Latin text in Gothic hybrid script.
Mr. Fowler, Evesham: above-cited inscription (f. 2).
? John Somers (b. 1651, d. 1716), Baron Somers, lawyer and politician: above-cited note written by James West (f. 2).
Sir Joseph Jekyll (bap. 1662, d. 1738), lawyer and politician, brother-in-law of Somers: his sale: above-cited note by James West (f. 2).
James West (1703-1772), politician and antiquary: his signature 'J. West' and the above-cited note (f. 2); his sale, May 1773, where all of his manuscripts were purchased by Petty (see W. P. Courtney, ‘West, James (1703-1772)’, rev. by Patrick Woodland, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/29085, accessed 7 Dec 2005]).
18th- or 19th century shelfmark ? 'LLg' (f. 1).
William Petty (formerly Fitzmaurice) (b. 1737, d. 1805), 2nd earl of Shelburne and 1st marquess of Lansdowne, prime minister; purchased by the British Museum together with 1244 other Lansdowne manuscripts in 1807.
Notes Musical notation on four-line staves.
ff. 1-2 are paper flyleaves; f. 249v is a paper leaf pasted onto a parchment leaf.
According to Scott, made in two campaigns of c. 1400 and c. 1420-1430 (see Scott 2007 p. 132).
Select bibliography [Henry Ellis and Francis Douce], A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1819), no. 451.

Christopher Wordsworth and Henry Littlehales, The Old Service-Books of the English Church, 2nd edn (London: Methuen & Co., 1910), p. 220, pls XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXXVII.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), p. 274 no. 9.

Catalogue of an Exhibition Commemorating the Four Hundredth Anniversary of the Introduction of the Book of Common Prayer (London: British Museum, 1949), no. 9.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 81.

Lilian M. C. Randall, Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966). p. 33 [with additional bibliography].

Carole Rawcliffe, Medicine & Society in Later Medieval England (Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1995), pl. on p. 17.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, no. 71 [with additional bibliography].

The Leofric Missal I, ed. by Nicholas Orchard, Henry Bradshaw Society, 113 (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 2002), p. 79 [with additional bibliography].

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 41, pl. 34.

John Lowden, ‘Illuminated Books and the Liturgy: Some Observations’, in Objects, Images, and the Word: Art in the Service of the Liturgy, ed. by Colum Hourihane, Index of Christian Art Occasional Paper, 6 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003), pp. 17-53 (pp. 41-44, pls 13, 14) [with additional bibliography].

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 132, 136-38, figs. 102, 105.

Joanna Fronska, ‘The Livre du Sacre of Charles V of France: A Reappraisal’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 113-30 (p. 129).


Images
* * *
 
Trinity

f. 5
Trinity
Detail

f. 5
Detail
Rabbit

f. 6
Rabbit
 
Detail

f. 6
Detail
Bird

f. 9
Bird
Detail

f. 9
Detail
 
Peter and Paul, and a bishop

f. 15
Peter and Paul, and a bishop
Detail

f. 15
Detail
Face

f. 23v
Face
 
Confirmation

f. 45v
Confirmation
Detail

f. 45v
Detail
Consecration

f. 63v
Consecration
 
Detail

f. 63v
Detail
Detail

f. 72
Detail
Bishop

f. 76v
Bishop
 
Expulsion

f. 78v
Expulsion
Bishop

f. 96
Bishop
Monk

f. 104v
Monk
 
A beggar

f. 127
A beggar
Detail

f. 127
Detail
Bishop

f. 136v
Bishop
 
Decorated initials

f. 149v
Decorated initials
Bishop

f. 176
Bishop
Bishop

f. 198
Bishop
 
Detail

f. 198
Detail
Detail

f. 198
Detail
Peter

f. 219
Peter
 
Baptism

f. 224v
Baptism
Marriage

f. 230
Marriage
Extreme Unction

f. 234
Extreme Unction
 

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