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Detailed record for Harley 3095

Author Boethius
Title 'Vitae' (f. 1v), 'De consolatione philosophiae', Books 1-5, with glosses (ff. 2v-110v), 'Opuscula sacra', Books 1-4, imperfect, with glosses (ff. 113v-149v)
Origin Germany, W. (Cologne?)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Titles, rubrics, initials and colophons in display capitals in silver, occasionally showing the red preparation ground; highlighted in green (f. 39). Leaf-motif separating 2-column metres in red (f. 32). Diagram of the seven heavens (f. 112v). Sketches of interlaced knot-patterns in drypoint in the margins. A pen drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius that originally preceded the beginning of the 'Vitae' is now to be found in Harley 2688, f. 22v
Dimensions in mm 275 x 220 (170 x 115/120)
Official foliation ff. 1* + 149 (f. 1* is a medieval parchment upper flyleaf; + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2).
Collation Gatherings mostly of 8, with quire signature at centre of the lower margin of the first recto of gatherings. Missing first gathering, now Harley 2688, ff. 17-22 (see Ganz 1981).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 'Harleian' binding of gold-tooled red morocco attributable to Thomas Elliott; marbled endpapers
Provenance Ruotbert, unidentified: owned in the 10th century (?), his inscription in rustic capitals 'Ruotberti liber. Non est alius huic similis' (f. 89).
? Cologne Cathedral: owned (see Krämer 1989).
? Johann Georg Graevius (b. 1632, d. 1703), German classical scholar and critic: possibly owned and sold to Wilhelm in 1703 with the rest of his library (see Clark 1891; Wright 1972).
? Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1658, d. 1716), owner of a library in Düsseldorf: possibly bought with the entire Graevius library in 1703 (see Wright 1972).
Giovanni Giacomo Zamboni (d. 1753), resident in London for the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (c. 1723-1753), friend of Michael Mattaire, the classical scholar and historian of printing: bought the Wilhelm library sometime before 1724 through Johann Büchels (b. 1659, d. 1738) (Wright 1972); sold to Edward Harley on 20 October 1725 (see Wright and Wright 1966; Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘20 die mensis Octobris, A.D. 1725’ (f. 1*r). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The manuscript also includes:
Two lives of Boethius (ff. 1v, 1v-2);
Two commentaries to 'De consolatione philosophiae', Book 3 (ff. 47-61v);
List of Byzantine offices (f. 111);
Eugenius of Toledo, 'Hexaëmeron' (f. 111);
Added notated Greek Cherubic Hymn or 'Cheroubikon' in a Latin translation (f. 111v).
Musical notation: neumes, Germany (Cologne ?), early 11th century (f. 111v, 149v). Neumes are also occasionally found throughout the manuscript used as signposts for marginal glosses.
Missing first gathering, now Harley 2688 (ff. 17-22), including a wind wheel, hymns and sequencies with music neumes, a Greek and Latin glossary, 'Proverbia Salomonis' and a drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius in prison (see Ganz 1981; Bergmann and Stricker 2005).
Large erased circle (double-line in red) on f. 1*.
Inscription in Greek on f. 1*v.
Extensive marginal and interlinear Carolingian gloss.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 3095.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II Latin, pp. 74-76, pl. 57

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 58).

Herbert Thoma, ‘Altdeutsches aus Londer Hss’, Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutscher Sprache und Literatur, 73 (1951), 197-271 (pp. 234-39).

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril E. Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), II: 1723-1726, pp. 385-86 n. 6.

Cyril E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 169, 367, 422.

David Ganz, 'A Tenth-Century Drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius', in Boethius: His Life, Thought and Influence, ed. by Margaret Gibson (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1981), 275-77 (p. 275).

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands der Schweiz, ed. by Bernard Bischoff, Supplement 1, 3 vols (Munich: Beck, 1989-1990), II (1989): Köln-Zyfflich, p. 417.

Michel Huglo, 'Remarques sur un manuscrit de la Consolatio Philosophiae (Londres, British Library, Harleian 3095)', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 45 (1991), 288-94.

Codices Boethiani: A Conspectus of Manuscripts of the Works of Boethius, ed. by M. T. Gibson and Lesley Smith, Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts, 25 (London: Warburg Institute, 1995- ), I: Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland, no. 124, pp. 144-45.

Nicolas Bell Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 29, pl. on p. 28.

Rolf Bergmann and Stefanie Stricker, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, 6 vols (Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2005), II, pp. 886-87 no. 418 [with further bibliography].

Henry Mayr-Harting, Church and Cosmos in Early Ottonian Germany: The View from Cologne (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 156, 166-68.


Images
* * *
 
Titles and initials in display capitals

ff. 2v-3
Titles and initials in display capitals
Text pages

ff. 8v-9
Text pages
Text pages

ff. 79v-80
Text pages
 
Text page

f. 89
Text page
Musical notation

f. 111v
Musical notation
Text page

f. 129
Text page
 

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